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x - 8 = -5

Date: 06/13/2001 at 15:39:23
From: Will Sumas
Subject: How to answer a question x-a=b

My question is: take the problem x - 8 = -5. I know what the answer 
is; I can easily solve it by subtracting 5 from 8 to get 3, but our 
teacher wants us to show all of our work and add something to both 
sides. This is were I get stuck. Can you show me how to show my work?

Date: 06/15/2001 at 02:07:19
From: Doctor Jeremiah
Subject: Re: How to answer a question x-a=b

Hi Will,

Just because you know the answer doesn't mean that you can "prove" the 
answer is right. That's why you need to do it the way the teacher
wants. If you do it that way you can "prove" that the answer must be 

The way that you deal with an equation like this is to isolate the x 
by itself. That means moving the -8 from the left side to the right 

But in order to modify an equation you must do the same operation to 
both sides of the equation. That's the trick right there.

Say your equation is x + 5 = 8. In order to get the x by itself, you 
need to take the 5 away from the left side. The 5 is currently added 
to the left side, so to remove it we need to do the opposite

x + 5 - 5 is just x, so the opposite operation would be to subtract 5 
from the left side. That will leave the x by itself. But we must do 
the same thing to both sides of the equation. That means subtracting 5 
from BOTH sides.

For the equation x + 5 = 8 this operation would look like:

     x + 5 = 8
 x + 5 - 5 = 8 - 5  (subtract 5 from BOTH sides)
         x = 8 - 5  (remember that x+5-5 is just x)
         x = 3

Now let's try something harder like x - 8 = -5. The 8 is subtracted 
from the left-hand side. In order to isolate the x we must remove the
-8 from the left side. x - 8 + 8 is just x, so the opposite operation 
would be to add 8 to the left side.  But we must do it to both
sides, so it would look like:

    x - 8 = -5
x - 8 + 8 = -5 + 8  (add 8 to BOTH sides)
        x = -5 + 8  (remember that x-8+8 is just x)
        x = 3

I hope that helps clear things up a little. If you still need help, 
please write back.

- Doctor Jeremiah, The Math Forum   
Associated Topics:
Middle School Algebra
Middle School Equations

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