Associated Topics || Dr. Math Home || Search Dr. Math

### The Meaning of Space

```
Date: 07/23/97 at 14:20:15
From: Anonymous
Subject: I have a question on Space

Dr. Math,

I am neither a student nor a teacher, but I am interested in math.
I try to read advanced math for laymen, but there are not many books
out there. Anyway, I have a question for you.

I have seen this term 'Space' mentioned a lot. Is that a mathematical
object? I have seen it in "Vector Space," "Banach Space," "Hilbert
Space," but it seems that they are not the same thing.

If I remember right, concepts like a "Ring" or "Field" have unique
definitions. I wonder whether that is true for "Space."

Thank you so much.

Peter
```

```
Date: 07/23/97 at 19:08:25
From: Doctor Wilkinson
Subject: Re: I have a question on Space

The term "space" by itself does not have a unique definition, as you
have correctly noticed.  As it happens, the three examples you give
are all vector spaces, "vector space" being the most general term, and
"Hilbert space" the most specialized.

What these various kinds of space have in common is that they
generalize ordinary ideas of geometry.  Thus ordinary three-
dimensional space can be thought of as a vector space. It also
happens to be a simple example of both a Banach space and a Hilbert
space. Banach spaces and Hilbert spaces only get really interesting,
however, when the number of dimensions becomes infinite.

Usually the term indicates some kind of abstraction from ordinary
geometry. The most general terms are "vector space," which roughly
speaking is concerned with algebraic properties; and "topological
space," which is concerned with properties of "closeness," things more
related to calculus, for example.

Some books on mathematics that you might enjoy are _Mathematics and
the Imagination_ by Kasner and Newman, _What is Mathematics?_ by
Courant and Robbins, and _Journey through Genius_ by William Dunham.

-Doctor Wilkinson,  The Math Forum
Check out our web site!  http://mathforum.org/dr.math/
```
Associated Topics:
High School Definitions
High School Geometry
High School Higher-Dimensional Geometry
Middle School Definitions
Middle School Geometry
Middle School Higher-Dimensional Geometry

Search the Dr. Math Library:

 Find items containing (put spaces between keywords):   Click only once for faster results: [ Choose "whole words" when searching for a word like age.] all keywords, in any order at least one, that exact phrase parts of words whole words

Submit your own question to Dr. Math
Math Forum Home || Math Library || Quick Reference || Math Forum Search