Multiplier, Sum, Difference, Product, Quotient, DividendDate: 11/25/97 at 12:12:55 From: Corinne Subject: What is this term? I am just wondering, but what is a multiplier? I have to know for my math class, which is grade 9. I have looked all over and can't find it! Date: 11/25/97 at 16:25:56 From: Doctor Terrel Subject: Re: What is this term? Corinne, Multiplier is a term that we don't use much any more, but it simply is the second number in a two-part multiplication problem. Observe; 450 multiplicand x 30 multiplier ----- 13500 product We tend to use the basic word "factor" nowadays. "Multiplier" is part of an older way of naming things. For subtraction, we have 592 minuend - 148 subtrahend ----- 444 difference For addition: 861 addend (or even augend) + 403 addend ----- 1264 sum (or total) For division: 600 / 25 = 24 dividend / divisor = quotient Does that help? -Doctor Terrel, The Math Forum Check out our web site! http://mathforum.org/dr.math/ Date: 02/04/2003 at 15:37:56 From: Loretta Subject: Subtraction terms Where did the terms minuend and subtrahend come from? Date: 02/04/2003 at 16:02:20 From: Doctor Peterson Subject: Re: Subtraction terms Hi, Loretta. These both come from Latin words. Minuend comes from "minuere," which means "to diminish, or reduce." Our words "diminish" and "minus" come from the same root. Subtrahend comes from "subtrahere," which means "to take away." Our word "subtract" comes from this root. The "-end" ending on a verb in Latin says "that which is to be Xed," as in "memorandum" which means "that which is to be remembered." So "minuend" means "that which is to be reduced," the number you are taking something away from; and "subtrahend" means "that which is to be taken away," the number you are subtracting from the minuend. If we knew Latin, this would be almost obvious, wouldn't it? - Doctor Peterson, The Math Forum http://mathforum.org/dr.math/ Date: 02/04/2003 at 21:37:15 From: Jenna Subject: Division Why is the number that is being divided the "dividend"? Date: 02/05/2003 at 10:13:25 From: Doctor Sarah Subject: Re: Division Hi Jenna - thanks for writing to Dr. Math. From Steven Schwartzman's _The Words of Mathematics - An Etymological Dictionary of Mathematical Terms Used in English_ (Mathematical Association of America): dividend (noun): from Latin dividere "to divide," with the suffix -nd-, which creates a type of passive causative, so that Latin numerus dividendus meant "the number to be divided." In the statement 6/3=2, the 6 is the dividend because it is the number that is to be divided by 3. In finance, the profits that a company makes are to be divided up and given to the shareholders, each of whom receives a dividend. - Doctor Sarah, The Math Forum http://mathforum.org/dr.math/ |
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