 Computing Before Computers  Brian Borchers, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology
Online introductions, with PostScript or PDF downloads, of Napier's Bones and of the GenailleLucas Rulers. Pictures of statistical computing devices such as the Pickett N525ES Statrule, the cumulative binomial probability computer, the General Dynamics
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 Computing Fibonacci Numbers on a Turing Machine  Alex Vinokur
An algorithm that computes Fibonacci numbers on a Turing Machine. Transition table contains 100 rules. The program computes a Fibonacci number. A number 'n' is represented by n 1s. Input: number 'n'. Output: Fibonacci#n.
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 Computing Huffman Codes on a Turing Machine  Alex Vinokur
An algorithm that computes Huffman codes on a threetape Turing Machine. Transition table contains 243 rules. Input: Tape#0  weights, Tape#1  empty, Tape#2  empty. Output: Tape#0  weights and its Huffman codes, Tape#1  empty, Tape#2  empty.
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 Computing in a Surreal Realm  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
Even among mathematicians, the study of surreal numbers is an obscure pastime. Only a few have occupied themselves in recent years exploring the peculiarities of a number system that includes different kinds of infinities and vanishingly small quantities.
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 Computing Minimal Equal Sums Of Like Powers  JeanCharles Meyrignac
A distributedcomputing project on equal sums of like powers, for "all those who are fascinated by powers and integers," and the place to look for the current status of the problem. Download and install Euler2000 to participate.
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 Computing Science: A Question of Numbers  Brian Hayes; American Science
An article about the ISC (Inverse Symbolic Calculator) and numbers. "In my daydream, Neil Sloane and Simon Plouffe are contestants on "Jeopardy," the TV game show. Sloane picks the category "Integer Sequences" for $400, and Alex Trebek reads the answer:
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 Computing Technology for Math Excellence  Patricia Deubel
Computing Technology for Math Excellence (CT4ME) is devoted to resources for teaching and learning mathematics (K12 and calculus) and the standards movement in education. Math resources include links to sites for basic skills mastery, problem solving
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 Computing the Hausdorff Measure and Dimension of Fractals Generated by Möbius Transforms  Mark Krosky, Cornell University
An illustrated paper by a Cornell Univ. graduate student. Abstract: Möbius transforms are an important class of conformal maps. By studying fractals they generate, we can gain more information about groups of Möbius transforms. A discussion
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 Computing with the EDSAC  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
The celebration earlier this year of the fiftieth anniversary of the unveiling of the ENIAC, the first electronic, generalpurpose computer, has focused attention on the early history of computing. In the 1940s, there were no computer scientists, no software
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 Compvter Romanvs (Natural Math)  Edward R. Hobbs
A Roman numeral calculator. "Caesar has proclaimed Compvter Romanvs to be the official calcvlator of the Roman Empire. Yov now have at yovr disposal the latest in high technology to assist in all manner of nvmerical problems. Yes, whether yov're bvilding
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 Concentric Geometric Hierarchies  Kirby Urner, 4D Solutions
Exhibit 1 is a JavaScript demo exhibit of the concentric hierarchy from the tetrahedron out to the rhombic dodecahedron. The shapes are all 2.3.4fold symmetric. A status bar shows the volumes of the shapes when you select an isolated view. A cumulative
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 The Concept and Teaching of PlaceValue  Rick Garlikov
A theoretical explanation about (the problem of) teaching PlaceValue to children, with a practical method given based on that explanation.
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 Conception of the Good  Naveen Rizvi
"Insights into our current education system" by a UK classroom teacher. Rizvi, a selfdescribed "believer in teaching via direct instruction," blogs to "share ideas and model how I have implemented these ideas and then discuss the impact of the number
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 Conceptual Learning Materials  Conceptual Learning Materials, Inc.
Support materials intended to reinforce basic math concepts. Materials for teachers as well as students.
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 Conceptual Math Media, Inc.
Math educational products for both the classroom and family. Master multiplication facts and divisibility rules with PrimePak playing cards; create equations crosswordstyle with the Equate board game, also available via email. Order products online
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 Conceptua Math  Conceptua Math
A commercial company offering software and professional development for mathematics education. Fractions Tools, which consist of problems and standardsaligned lessons on fractions, are currently available for free. Accompanying Student Activities, which
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 Concurrency Points in a Triangle  Brakalova, Johnson, Scalzitti, Thornberry; The Geometry Center
An interactive Webbased exploration designed to facilitate the teaching of triangle concurrency, both as an integral part of a geometry curriculum and as enrichment material. These pages can be used by individual students as a computer exploration, as
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 Concurrent Triangles  Jim Wilson
Sketches and scripts exploring various concurrencies in triangles.
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 Condorcet.org  Blake Cretney
Theories on voting and social choice. Learn about an electoral method called "ranked pairs" and download software to tabulate other voting methods. The Election Methods Resource enumerates "single winner" and legislative approaches to running elections.
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 Cone, Cylinder Edges?  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to questions about whether cones or cylinders have edges, such as "Does a cone have an edge? A vertex?"
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 Cone Formulas (Ask Dr. Math FAQ)  Math Forum
Formulas for finding the height, surface area, and volume of a cone, right circular cone, or frustum of a cone.
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 Cone Layout  Jock Dempsey, Dempsey's Forge
A flat layout showing that the ratio or percentage of the layout circle is also the sine of half the angle of the top of the cone. If you want a cone with a 90degree point, the ratio is the sine of half the angle of the point.
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 Conference Board of Mathematical Sciences (CBMS)
The Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences is an umbrella organization consisting of sixteen professional societies all of which have as one of their primary objectives the increase or diffusion of knowledge in one or more of the mathematical sciences.
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 Conferences on the Teaching of Mathematics (CTM) (Mathematics Archives)  Husch, et al., Editors
Currently includes presentations and contributed papers from the Fifth Conference on the Teaching of Mathematics held on June 2122, 1996 in Baltimore, MD and the Sixth Conference on the Teaching of Mathematics held on June 2021, 1997 in Milwaukee, WI.
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 Confessions of an Engineering Washout  Douglas Kern
Article about the author's experiences with undergraduate education for engineering.
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 Conformal Maps of Nonsmooth Surfaces and Their Applications  Vladimir M. Miklyukov
"In contrast with classic mathematical analysis that relies on ancient magical rites and overidealized relations, mathematical problems arising from the theory of micro and nanoflows require more real logical constructions such as investigations of functions
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 Confronting Technology  Lowell Monke
This site provides a variety of resources critically examining the relationship between human beings and technology, with specific resources on the way computers are used in education. They include: an annotated bibliography, a list of documents available
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 The Conic Sections in Polar Coordinates  David Arnold; Mathematics Dept., College of the Redwoods, CA
An interactive study of the polar form of the equation for a conic section, for readers familiar with polar coordinates and triangle trigonometry. This activity is also a vehicle for the introduction of the Geometer's Sketchpad, though no prior experience
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 Conic Sections (Visual Dictionary of Special Plane Curves)  Xah Lee
A discussion of the history of conic sections, one of the oldest math subjects studied systematically and thoroughly, with a description, formulas, properties, a proof, Mathematica notebooks, the ellipse seen as a circle, second degree curves, intersection
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 Conics (Manipula Math)  International Education Software (IES)
Java applets to investigate the conic sections, including different ways to draw them, their reflective properties, and the shapes traced by shadows at different latitudes.
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 Connect 4  Keith Pomakis
Play it on the Web, specifying your own parameters. The site includes the rules of the game.
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 Connect Capture Game  Rick Nordal
This paper and pencil game combines chess with dotsandboxes. Completing a box "activates" the enclosed chess piece, which may then capture other activated chess pieces for points.
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 Connected Curriculum Project: CCP Materials  Lawrence C. Moore & David A. Smith, Duke University
Materials for Precalculus, Differential Calculus, Integral Calculus, Multivariable Calculus, Differential Equations, Linear Algebra, and Engineering Math, with application areas in biology, chemistry, economics, engineering, environmental sciences, epidemiology,
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 Connected Curriculum Project (CCP)  Moore, Smith; Duke University
The Duke component of a coordinated effort to create interactive learning environments for a wide range of mathematics and mathematically based applications, combining the flexibility and connectivity of the Web with the power of computer algebra systems.
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 Connected Curriculum Project: Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra, and Differential Equations  Frank Wattenberg, Department of Mathematics, Montana State University
Materials (TI92, Maple, Mathematica 2, Mathematica 3, MathCad) organized around the interplay between mathematics and its applications, written together with the textbook Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra, and Differential Equations in a Real and
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 Connected Mathematics Project (CMP)  Michigan State University
A project funded by the NSF to develop a complete mathematics curriculum for the middle grades (68), one rich in connections among the various topic strands of the subject, between mathematics and its applications in other disciplines, between the planned
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 Connected Mathematics Project Sketchpad Activities  Nathalie Sinclair, Michigan State University
Worksheets, sketches, and teacher notes for the Connected Mathematics Project curriculum (CMP). Developed by researchers from Michigan State University and KCP Technologies, who have surveyed Years 6 and 7 of CMP. Use the link at the bottom of the page
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 CONNECT: Everyone can do Math and Science  Colorado
Colorado's NSFfunded statewide systemic initiative in mathematics and science. CONNECT is charged to provide support and leadership to increase the achievement of all Colorado students in mathematics and science, kindergarten through baccalaureate (K16).
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 Connecting Geometry  Cathleen V. Sanders
A fully credited high school distance learning geometry course offered via the Internet to students throughout the Hawaiian islands as part of a grantfunded pilot project through the Hawaii Department of Education. During this ESchool (electronic school)
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 Connecting Mathematics  a Maths Thesaurus  University of Cambridge, U.K.
More than an alphabetical list of words and their definitions, this site has grown from a proposal made by the NRICH project at the University of Cambridge, to develop an online dictionary of mathematics to support its other online publications. The thesaurus
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 Connecting Mathematics to Our Lives  De Orilla a Orilla
Through bilingual discussions online, sister class partnerships, global data gathering, and other classroom collaborations at a distance, students explore how math is used in their families and communities; use math skills to investigate community or
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 Connect with Music  Finn, Rudolph, O'Malley, Frankel, Ordway, and Langol
Thirty free interdisciplinary lesson plans that use multimedia, music, and technology to aid in the instruction of Language Arts, Mathematics, and Science at the middle school level. Lesson plans include comprehensive scoring rubrics, links to standards
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 Connexions  Rice University
Connexions is a nonprofit startup launched at Rice University in 1999 that aims to reinvent how we write, edit, publish, and use textbooks and other learning materials. It is a global repository of educational content that can be described in four words
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 ConquerMaths  Generic Maths, Ltd.
Fully online mathematics teaching system. 482 lessons with worksheets and
tests for ages 11 to 16. Money back guarantee offered. Also available from MathsOnlineTutor.com.
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 Consortium for Mathematics and Its Applications (COMAP)
A nonprofit organization offering multidisciplinary and academically rigorous curriculum materials and teacher development programs based on mathematical exploration of realworld problems. Developers of the PBS television series "For All Practical Purposes:
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 Consortium for School Networking (CoSN)  Information Institute of Syracuse
A community of organizations, government agencies, corporations, and individuals in important leadership roles formed to further the development and use of telecommunications in K12 education. Topics include legislative issues, conference participants
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 Consortium to Develop an Intelligent Mathematical Programming System (IMPS)  Harvey Greenberg; Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of Colorado at Denver
Advances in computing technology have created a situation where we can solve larger problems than we can understand. This is true for most linear programs, and it is becoming increasingly true for nonlinear and integer forms. In addition, model management
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 Constant Perimeter and Constant Area Rectangles (Connected Geometry)  Daniel Scher; Education Development Center, Inc. (EDC)
Interactive Java animations accompany the article "Theorems in Motion: Using Dynamic Geometry to Gain Fresh Insights" by Daniel Scher in the April 1996 issue of the Mathematics Teacher. The article outlines how dynamic geometry software can be used to
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 The Constants and Equations Pages  Jonathan Stott
A growing reference resource providing alphabetically listed categories of some of the more important and useful aspects of maths and special sections on numbers, algebra, trigonometry, integration, differentiation, and SI units and symbols, with in addition
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 Constants, Units, and Uncertainty  National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
A reference with three sections: Fundamental Physical Constants (values of the constants and related information, and a searchable bibliography on the constants); the International System of Units (indepth information on the SI, the modern metric system),
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