 Significant Digits  R. H. Logan, Instructor of Chemistry, El Centro College
An explanation of significant digits, with sections on: Measured Values; Computed Values; Rules for Determining the Number of Significant Digits In Numbers With Indicated Decimals; Significant Digits In Numbers Not Having an Indicated Decimal; Significant
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 Significant Figures and Rounding Rules  Christopher Mulliss
A site dedicated to the discussion of issues relating to the proper teaching of
significant figures and rounding rules in high school and college science courses. Includes a link to a detailed study "On the Standard Rounding Rule for Multiplication and
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 SI Guide  James R. Frysinger
SI (International System) measurements and quantities, with pages for: a basic starter set of units and prefixes; the unit compendium (a more complete list); the prefix compendium (a complete list); rules on usage (spelling, capitalization, spacing, plurals,
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 Silicon Champions of the Game  Ivars Peterson  Science News Online
Deep Blue's triumph over Gary Kasparov in May of 1997 marked the first match victory by a chessplaying computer over a reigning world champion. Some of the world's top computer programs are also playing backgammon, bridge, checkers, chess, Go, Othello,
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 SIMATH  Marc Conrad
A computer algebra system, especially for number theory. Try out the online version of the SIMATH calculator simcalc; a more detailed overview is available as a .dvi file or you can download the TeXSource of this file.
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 Simon Plouffe  Simon Plouffe
Home page of Simon Plouffe, pi expert and originator of Plouffe's Inverter. Contains links to his articles and algorithms for his approximations of various constants.
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 Simons Foundation
This private foundation advances the frontiers of research in mathematics, theoretical computer science, and theoretical physics. Simons Foundation grants have established postdoctoral fellowships, promoted collaboration between researchers, created
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 Simple Minds, Smart Choices  Bruce Bower  Science News Online
The Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin has launched a project to explore the impact of bounded rationality on human judgment. The group focuses on what it calls "fast and frugal" formulas
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 Simplex Place  Moshe Sniedovich; Dept. of Mathematics & Statistics, Univ. of Melbourne
An introductory discussion of the Simplex Method used in linear programming problems, with a JavaScript "Simplex Machine" for you to experiment or solve a problem with. Also check out the DP Virtual Studio for a variety of wellknown dynamic programming
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 Simply Statistics  Leek, Jeff; Peng, Roger; and Irizarry, Rafa
Biostatistics professors Leek, Peng, and Irizarry "are fired up about the new era where data are abundant and statisticians are scientists." Their blog, which dates back to September, 2011, has included posts such as "Precog and stats," "Kindle Fire
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 simpsonsmath.com  Sarah J. Greenwald and Andrew Nestler
The animated sitcom The Simpsons "contains over a hundred instances of mathematics, many designed to expose and poke fun at innumeracy," which make it "an ideal source of fun ways to introduce important concepts to students, and to reduce math anxiety
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 Simtel.Net  Digital River, Inc
A distribution network for shareware, freeware, and public domain software. Browse or search for programs running on the platforms of Windows 95/98, DOS, or Windows 3.x. Windows 95/98 mathrelated programs range from abacus instructional packages to an
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 Simul8  Simul8 Corporation
Developers of SIMUL8, for discrete event simulation. The company’s products include the plugins: SIMUL8 Profit, SIMUL8 OPTIMIZ, SIMUL8 TimeView, SIMUL8 Transport, SIMUL8 Process, and SIMUL8 Animation for VISIO.
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 Simulacion 4.0 (Monte Carlo Simulation)  José Varela
A flexible, easytouse simulation tool, Simulación 4.0 was fully developed in VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) and is compatible with Excel 97 and above. Features: 34 random number functions; simulation with the Monte Carlo method, between 1  65,000
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 Simulating Society  Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
Computer simulation offers a powerful tool for studying human social behavior, contends Richard J. Gaylord of the University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign. A theoretical physicist turned computational sociologist, Gaylord has developed models of social
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 Simulations & Demos  Rice Virtual Lab in Statistics
An integrated set of simulations, demonstrations, and case studies from the Data Analysis Lab (choose statistical analyses: Descriptive; Histogram; Boxplot; Stem and Leaf; ttests; Correlation and regression; ANOVA). Simulations include Java applets that
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 Simulations Nab Proteinfolding Mistakes  Ivars Peterson  Science News Online
The human body manufactures thousands of different proteins, which act as enzymes, structural elements, or carriers. Each protein starts out as a long strand that must fold itself into the proper shape to perform its specific function. To gain insights
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 Simultaneous Perturbation Method for Optimization  James C. Spall
A site devoted to a powerful method for optimization of processes dependent on more than one variable. The method pertains to "stochastic optimization," that is, optimization in the presence of random variation (such as measurement noise). The site provides
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 SingaporeMath.com Inc.
Formerly "Family Things," this family business located in Oregon, USA provides information, sample pages, and ordering information for the Singapore mathematics and science curricula, with sample placement tests for the New Elementary Math Series, sample
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 singingbanana.com  James Grime
YouTube videos, "lazy microblog," and social networking hub of Enigma Project Officer James Grime, who "hopes to explain to kids and general audiences why he love his maths so much, to challenge some of the public's misconceptions, and to explain why
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 SINGULAR  Greuel, Pfister, Schoenemann; Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of Kaiserslautern
A computer algebra system for polynomial computations, with special emphasis on commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, and singularity theory.
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 Sir Roger Penrose  World of Escher
Recreational math is the passion of Sir Roger Penrose, who was recently knighted for his outstanding contributions to mathematics. Penrose is a professor of mathematics at the University of Oxford in England, where he pursues an active interest in recreational
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 Sir William Rowan Hamilton  D.R. Wilkins; School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin
Material relating to Sir William Rowan Hamilton, including his letters and papers describing mathematical optics and conical refraction, dynamics, the theory of algebraic couples (complex numbers), the theory of equations, and quaternions; a memorial
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 SISA: Simple Interactive Statistical Analysis  Daan Uitenbroek
SISA is a collection of procedures for performing simple statistical calculations online, using HTML Forms. SISA's statistical tools include statistical procedures: (sequential probability, ratios, ttest, Fisher exact, two by two table, ordinal tests,
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 The SISL Nurbs Library  SINTEF Applied Mathematics
A library of NonUniform Rational BSplines (NURBS) software, developed and
maintained by the Department of Geometric Modelling at SINTEF Applied Mathematics. The SIntef Spline Library (SISL) contains all the necessary functionality for building applications
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 A Site For Cyber Eyes  BZLeonard
Fractals, graphics, photos and altered photos, 3D graphics, links, Sherman's Humor Column, and Ginger's Diary (A teenager describes being bombed by the Japanese on December 7, 1941).
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 Sites Dedicated to Teaching of Mathematics (Mathematics Archives)  University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
Links to sites that contain materials (other than software) useful in the teaching of mathematics at the community college, college and university levels. (For a similar listing of K12 sites, check out the Mathematics Archives K12 Home Page.)
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 Sites with Problems Administered by Others  Math Forum
Problems of the week or month: a page of annotated links to weekly/monthly problem challenges and archives hosted at the Math Forum but administered by others, and to problems and archives elsewhere on the Web, colorcoded for the level(s) of the problems
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 Sketches for Cabri Geomètre (v. 1)  L. J. Dickey, University of Waterloo
Cabri Geomètre (the original version of of the program) figures to download (binhexed): Conic Given by Five Points; Ten Sketches of Desargues Theorem; Harmonic Conjugates; The Inverse of a Circle; The Inverse of a Line; The Inverse of a Point;
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 Sketch Exchange  Key Curriculum Press
Share Sketchpad activities, tips, questions, and ideas in this online community dedicated to the dynamic geometry software. Browse sketches by grade level, topic, or tags.
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 Sketchpad 3.0 Gallery  Finzer, Jackiw; Key Curriculum Press & The Math Forum
A collection of sketches and scripts that show off new features of version 3 of the Geometer's Sketchpad in categories: Arcs and Architecture; Algebra and Beyond; Physics; Statistics; Curves; and Poincare Disk.
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 Sketchpad Activity Center  Bill Finzer, Key Curriculum Press
Interactive lessons for use with an early version of the Geometer's Sketchpad. Construct a fractal tree using a recursive script; use the Point on Object command to study random phenomena. These lessons have been used in Key Curriculum Press's summer
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 Skills and Competencies Needed to Succeed in Today's Workplace  NCREL: North Central Regional Educational Laboratory; Learning Point Associates
Because the world of work is changing, the U.S. Departments of Labor and Education formed the Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS) to study the kinds of competencies and skills that workers must have to succeed in today's workplace.
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 Skimming A Century of Calculus  Cut the Knot!, Alexander Bogomolny
A comprehensive effort is under way to modernize instruction in undergraduate mathematics. In the November issue of the FOCUS newsletter, MAA has announced a twoyear $900,000 grant from the NSF to construct the Mathematical Sciences Digital Library (MATHDL).
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 SLATEC (Common Mathematical Library, Fortran)  Kirby W. Fong, Thomas H. Jefferson, Tokihiko Suyehiro, Lee Walton
An extensive publicdomain FORTRAN source code library (consisting of more than 1400 routines and 300,000 lines of code and documentation) developed and maintained by a consortium of Department of Energy and Department of Defense national laboratories.
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 Slates, Slide Rules, and Software: Teaching Math in America  Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Behring Center
An exhibit on mathematics teaching devices from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, focusing on innovations in mathematics teaching from the blackboard to graphing calculators and computer software.
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 Sliders  Cut the Knot!, Alexander Bogomolny, with Don Greenwell
A variation of the Fifteen puzzle invented by Sam Loyd in the early 1870's: puzzles on graphs, including a proof independent of Wilson's theorem that all Lucky 7 permutations are possible; and variations of Sliders, a Fifteenlike puzzle that can be played
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 The Slide Rule Universe  Sphere Research Corporation
Slide rule information, lessons, archives, links and an online marketplace: buy, bid for, or swap restored classics, new slide boxes still in the box, and low cost first student rules; learn to operate and care for your slide rule, from Hartung's "A
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 Sliding Pi  Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
"The entrance to the Downsview subway station in Toronto presents visitors with a striking vista. A vast mosaic of square tiles sweeps across a curved wall, inviting viewers to trace its lines and ponder intriguing irregularities
in its color scheme
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 The Sliding Triangle  Paul Kunkel
Investigate ellipses by tracing triangle transformations.
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 Sloan Digital Sky Survey
The astronomical surveys of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) have "obtained deep, multicolor images covering more than a quarter of the sky and created 3dimensional maps containing more than 930,000 galaxies and more than 120,000 quasars." SDSS's
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 Slocum Puzzles  Jerry Slocum
Puzzle collector and author's site. Features puzzle descriptions, shop, descriptions of books written by Slocum and collaborators, and a history of Slocum's famous Puzzle Parties.
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 Slopes and Ski Trails (Why Slopes and More Math)  Alan Selby
What is calculus? If you have ever seen or gone skiing or just walking over hills then you know about slopes and you have met or felt basic ideas in calculus. Calculus in the first instance is the subject of slope computation and interpretation, and the
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 A Small Puzzle  Joe Fields
The site offers a visual proof that the sum of the first n consecutive odd numbers is n^2, the "L"decomposition.
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 Smarandache Notions  J. Castillo
A journal for papers related to the work of Florentin Smarandache, who in the 1960s proposed some new geometries: NonGeometry, CounterProjective Geometry, AntiGeometry, and Paradoxist geometry, which would generalize and unite Euclid, Lobachevsky/Bolyai/Gauss,
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 Smarandache Paradoxist Geometry  Chimienti, Bencze
Uniting Euclidean, LobachevskyBolyaiGauss, and Riemannian geometries. Smarandache geometries are partially Euclidean and partially NonEuclidean. It is based on the first four of Euclid's postulates, but the fifth postulate is
replaced so that there
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 SMART: Explorapaedia of Statistical and Mathematical Techniques  Richard Sharp, BioSS
A collaborative approach to the production and delivery, via the web, of training in quantitative methods. Modules include: growth curve modelling, antedependence (repeated measures) modelling, analysis of molecular variance, sequential acceptance sampling,
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 Smart Systems Software  Korey Mateer
Smart Systems Software provides freeware for research and development in the field of mathematics. BigGoo Numerical Library, SmartData Data Dictionary, Smart Systems Library, and The Magic Matrix.
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 SMath Studio
SMath Studio is a free software application with a WYSIWYG interface similar to MathCAD. Also available in Russian.
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 Séminaire Lotharingien de Combinatoire  Institut für Mathematik, Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria
A joint seminar in Combinatorics for the Universities of Bayreuth, Erlangen and Strasbourg, as well as the other Universities along the Lotharingian boundaries. The Seminar hosts an international electronic journal carrying the same name, with abstracts
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