 "The Code War"  Beyond Discovery  Dana Mackenzie et al.; National Academy of Sciences
PDF of a science article from the Beyond Discovery series that explores the trail of developments in the branch of mathematics known as number theory that led to modernday encryption techniques. Contents include: Early Ciphers; The Enigma Challenge;
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 Coffee Hour Problem of the Week  Matthew McMullen
Classic and "found" problems, as well as original challenges, in number theory, logical reasoning, statistics, calculus, geometry, and algebra. McMullen has posted PDFs of the PoWs, as well as their solutions, since 2007.
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 Coins, Art, and Math in North Bay  Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
North Bay's Nipissing University hosted the annual meeting of the Ontario
Association for Mathematics Education, which attracted about 650 math teachers. As one of the featured speakers, I presented a talk on randomness. My examples included slot machines,
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 Colección de Juegos de Ingenio del Club Mensa  Javier García Algarra
Esta colección recoge juegos de ingenio y problemas de matemática recreativa publicados en diversas revistas de Mensa, la asociación internacional para personas con un elevado cociente intelectual. En cada problema se hace referencia
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 Colégio de Gaia, Grupo de Matematica
Math resources in Portuguese: Galeria de Sketches  a gallery of JavaSketchpad and Geometer's Sketchpad problems and sketches including the Pythagorean theorem (o Teorema de Pitágoras), Vector Addition (Adicao de Vectores), cutting a cube/parallelepiped
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 Collaborative Learning Discussion Archive  Math Forum
A special project hosted by the Math Forum, this discussion concerned collaborative learning, its definition, its effects on teachers and students, administration and assessment issues, and materials and resources. The discussion began as email conversations,
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 Collaborative Learning  Mathematics Education at The Math Forum
A collection of links to collaborative and cooperative learning resources on the Web, including articles, discussions, and teaching techniques that emphasize collaboration.
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 The Collage Theorem  Cut the Knot!, Alexander Bogomolny
To find an IFS whose attractor is "close to" or "looks like" a given set, one must endeavor to find a set of transformations  contraction mappings on a suitable set within which the given set lies  such that the union, or collage, of the images of the
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 The Collapsing Compass  Godfried Toussaint
There has been considerable interest during the past 2300 years in comparing different models of geometric computation in terms of their computing power. One of the most wellknown results is the proof in 1672 due to Mohr that all constructions that can
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 Collatz 3n+1 Problem Structure  Ken Conrow
Pages of observations posted to stimulate further research.
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 The Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies on Mathematics  AlfChristian Achilles; Computer Science Bibliography Collection
A collection of bibliographies of scientific literature in computer science from various sources, covering most aspects of computer science. Math journals range from Mathematical Physics to the Mathematics of Computation to Applied Mathematics and Computation.
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 A Collection of JavaScript Elabs Learning Objects  Hossein Arsham
A basic calculator for numerical experimentation, as a learning tool for the fundamental mathematical concepts and functions (as students do in, e.g. Physics labs.) Includes powers, exponents, square roots, factorials, trig functions. Link to further
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 College Algebra Online  University of North Carolina, Wilmington
An introduction to the online version of the College Algebra course offered by Jeff Brown at UNCW. Information on the course content and structure is available here. Guests may view selected lessons from the course, with Java interactive activities, illustrations,
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 College and University Level Mathematics  Math Forum
Selected Internet resources for College students: links to Opportunities for undergraduate research; Internet activities and projects; Mailing lists and newsgroups; Organizations and departments; Professional services, address lists, etc.; Publications;
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 CollegeCram.com  The Smartacus Corporation
Feebased service providing tutorials on a number of topics including math, generally at the early college level. Tutorial topics are visible without a subscription.
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 CollegeLevel Geometry  Math Forum
Links to some of the best Internet resources for college geometry: classroom materials, software, Internet projects, and public forums for discussion.
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 CollegeLevel Standards and Guidelines  Mathematics Education at the Math Forum
The Math Forum's suggested sites on standards in college math education, including links to standards on the Web, sessions at conferences, and reports.
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 College Mathematics Journal Topic Index, 19701997 (MAA)  Mathematical Association of America
All main articles from the College Mathematics Journal are listed in the ERIC database, with short abstracts. They may be searched by author, title, or keywords.
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 College Physics for Students of Biology and Chemistry  Kenneth R. Koehler
A hypertextbook written for firstyear undergraduate physics students, emphasizing human physiology and how the physics of the system affects its chemical and biological behavior. Nine chapters, with problems, cover mechanics, fluids, electricity, magnetism,
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 Coloring Penrose Tiles  Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
One set of Penrose tilings consists of a pair of diamondshaped figuresone fat and one skinny. Attempts to color such Penrose diamond tilings led some people to conjecture that three colors suffice. Now, mathematicians Tom Sibley of Saint John's University
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 Coloring (The Geometry Junkyard)  David Eppstein, Theory Group, ICS, UC Irvine
An extensive annotated list of links to material on coloring problems, including the Four Color Theorem and other graph coloring problems.
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 Colors of Math  Ekaterina Eremenko Films
Credits, still images, and trailer of a documentary film that features six mathematicians discussing math "in the context of the five senses" of sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch. The Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences New York University
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 Columbus State University Math Contest  David Rock and Doug Brumbaugh, College of Education, Columbus State University
Problem of the Week, Algebra in Action, Middle School Madness and Elementary Brain Teaser  all available in "challenge" mode. Past problems are archived, with solutions available upon request.
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 CombinaTexas: Combinatorics in the SouthCentral U.S.  Texas A&M University
Web pages for conferences, with contact information.
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 Combinatorial Figures  Robert M. Dickau; Math Forum
Mathematica pictures that are interesting for elementary combinatorics. Catalan number diagrams; permutation diagrams; derangements; shortestpath diagrams; Stirling numbers of the first and second kind; Bell numbers, harmonic numbers and the bookstacking
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 Combinatorial Games Page  Erik Demaine
A combinatorial game usually involves complete information, with no hidden cards and no random randomness  a pure strategy game. Demaine has researched combinatorial puzzles such as Tetris, Clobber, Phutball, Pushing blocks (puzzles involving a robot
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 Combinatorial Game Theory  David Eppstein, Theory Group, ICS, UC Irvine
A list of links to materials on the Web. Combinatorial Game Theory studies strategies and mathematics of twoplayer games of perfect knowledge such as chess or go (but often either concentrating instead on simpler games such as nim, or solving endgames
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 Combinatorial Geometry (The Geometry Junkyard)  David Eppstein, Theory Group, ICS, UC Irvine
An extensive annotated list of links to material consisting of problems in which one starts with a geometric figure (say a polytope) but then considers abstract incidence properties of it rather than its metric properties. Most tiling and coloring problems
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 Combinatorial Mathematics Society of Australasia (CMSA)
Information for members of a society formed to facilitate, encourage, foster and cherish the branch of mathematics known as combinatorics throughout Australia, New Zealand and their neighbouring countries. Rules; members; minutes of meetings; annual general
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 Combinatorial Object Server (COS)  Frank Ruskey; Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Victoria, B.C., Canada
Specify a type of combinatorial object, together with specific parameter values, and COS will return to you a list of 200 such objects. Generation pages: permutations, combinations, various types of trees, unlabelled graphs, linear extensions of posets,
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 Combinatorica  János Bolyai Mathematical Society, SpringerVerlag
An international journal that publishes research papers in English in a variety of areas of combinatorics and the theory of computing, with particular emphasis on general techniques and unifying principles.
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 Combinatorics and Graph Theory  Department of Mathematics, Umeå University, Sweden
Home page of the Combinatorics Group. Members and research projects, seminars, archives of downloadable software, combinatorial and graph theoretical data, and preprints.
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 Combinatorics  Dave Rusin; The Mathematical Atlas
A short article designed to provide an introduction to combinatorics, loosely the science of counting, studying families of sets (usually finite) with certain characteristic arrangements of their elements or subsets, and asking what combinations are possible,
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 Combinatorics (Graphics Archive, Special Topics)  The Geometry Center
Enumeration problems, and other problems involving counting, including meanders.
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 Combinatorics (MathPages)  Kevin Brown
About 40 "informal notes" by Kevin Brown on combinatorics: Dedekind's problem, cumulative permutation sequences, the factorial number system, Hardy and Ramanujan on partitions, solving magic squares, collecting k complete sets of coupons, and many more.
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 The Combinatorics Net and Annals Of Combinatorics  Bill Chen
Links to combinatorics articles, groups, conference reports, seminars, journals, books, typesetting and graph drawing, software, preprints, open problems, research announcements, news and stories, and related sites. The Annals of Combinatorics publishes
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 Combinatorics, Probability & Computing  Cambridge University Press
Now published bimonthly, the journal covers combinatorics, probability theory, and theoretical computer science. Topics covered include classical and algebraic graph theory, extremal set theory, matroid theory, probabilistic methods and random combinatorial
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 Combinatorics Research Group  Pure Maths Department, The Open University
A group interested in graph theory, design theory, the history of combinatorics, and combinatorial computing. The Group runs the Open University Winter Combinatorics Meeting near the end of January each year.
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 Combinatorists of New England
A series of oneday conferences mostly held at Smith College in Northampton, MA. The Combinatorists of New England meet five times a year. This Web site provides information about future meetings and links to participants' papers available electronically.
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 Combined Membership List  AMS, SIAM, MAA, AMATYC
The searchable Combined Membership List (CML) includes the names and addresses of all persons who were members of the American Mathematical Society (AMS), Mathematical Association of America (MAA), Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM),
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 Comedy Tonight, Math Style!  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
Edward Burger and Colin Adams aren't yet as well known as such famous comedy teams as Laurel and Hardy... but they are not only performers but also math professors at Williams College in Williamstown, Mass. They bring antic energy, slapstick humor, and
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 Comments on Mathematics and Education  E. Lee Lady, University of Hawaii
Notes on the teaching and learning of math. What Is Mathematics? What Makes Mathematics So Hard? My Attitude Towards Teaching. Universities and Learning. Also email comments from readers, on: Teaching Maths in the public schools; Giving Students Power
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 A Common Book of Pi  Neal Carothers
A brief history of extended precision approximations of pi, including Archimedes' method for estimating pi, a proof that pi is irrational, a page full of formulas used to estimate pi over the centuries, and a brief look at a modern algorithm used to compute
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 Common Lisp the Language, 2nd Edition  Tom Bylander
Links for most Common Lisp functions (and other entities) to the portion of the online Common Lisp manual where they are defined. Since the index was automatically generated from the online manual, some functions may not be included in this index. Also,
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 Common Mistakes in College Mathematics  Eric Schechter
Pointers for students about mistakes in general mathematics and calculus. Errors include: everything is additive, loss of invisible parentheses, incorrect writing of fractions, derivative of x to the x, unbalanced differentials, and naive answers for
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 CommonsMath: The Jakarta Mathematics Library  Phil Steitz, The Apache Software Foundation
Commons Math is an open source Java library of lightweight, selfcontained
mathematics and statistics components. Download releases; post to the wiki; read the users guide and project documentation.
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 Communicating Mathematical Expressions on the WWW  Ping
A semantic expression notation known as MINSE (a MediumIndependent Notation for Structured Expressions) with a deployed implementation that makes expressions a reality for the scientific and mathematical Internet community. The aim is to help the scientific
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 Communicating Mathematics with Hypertext  The Geometry Center
An archive of resources, including lecture notes, sample pages and programs, and links to software useful for scientific Web site design and management. The archive is based on the materials developed for a a short course by the same name sponsored by
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 Communication and Information, including Encryption  Dave Rusin; The Mathematical Atlas
See the Report of the Working Group on Cryptology and Coding Theory National
Science Foundation, April 1718, 1997. History; applications and related fields and subfields; textbooks, reference works, and tutorials; software and tables; other web sites
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 Community for Undergraduate Learning in the Mathematical Sciences  The University of Auckland
This crossfaculty community within The University of Auckland (NZ) brings together all the mathematical science providers at the university to create a researchbased Centre for tertiary education in the mathematical sciences. See, in particular, the
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