 Preservice Teachers' Conceptions of Mathematics and How to Teach It  Annie and John Selden; Mathematical Association of America
"The way teachers explain mathematics depends, to a large extent, on the conceptual grasp they acquire in their college classes. In addition, they often teach as they were taught, modeling themselves after their college mathematics teachers as much as
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 The Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching  National Science Foundation
The Presidential Award for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching (PAEMST) is the nation's highest commendation for K12 math and science teachers. Read program information and facts, application packets, and press releases; look up awardees dating
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 President's Column (MAA)  Ken Ross
MAA President Ken Ross wrote this column for Focus on the need to connect K12 and collegelevel reforms.
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 The President's Educational Technology Initiative
This site promotes President Clinton's initiative, begun in 1996, to bring computers to every student in the United States. The site includes quotations and bibliography on the benefits of information technology, information on the administration's accomplishments
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 Primary Geometry (SMILE)  Barbara Pitra, Marconi Community Academy
A lesson designed to teach students to name, identify and categorize geometric shapes (triangle, square and rectangle) by the number and length of the
sides; identify triangles, squares and rectangles in their environment; through observation, comparison
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 PrimaryMath  David Dee
Paperless arithmetic learning for school and home. Create lessons composed of interactive problems in addition, subtraction, multiplication and division (including long division) with optional decimals and signed numbers.
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 Primary School Textbooks  Knowledge Books and Software
Offerings in math and other primary school subjects from this Australian publishing company.
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 Prime Curios!  G. L. Honaker, Jr., Chris K. Caldwell
A collection of curiosities, wonders and trivia related to prime numbers. Look up a number (up to 10^21+) and find what connections it has to the primes. The database has over 3400 curios corresponding to more than 1960 different numbers. The number of
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 Prime Numbers  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
What is a prime number? What's the 'Sieve of Eratosthenes'? What is the largest known prime?
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 Prime Presentations  Karyn Hodgens
K12 workshops for professional development. An established educational consulting firm providing nationwide staff development training in the areas of math and science.
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 Printable Math Worksheets  Homework for Kids
Practice worksheets, most with randomly generated problems, on the following topics: learning numbers, addition and subtraction, multiplication and division, fractions, decimals, time, measurements, perimeter, area and volume, integers, set theory, equations,
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 Printable Math Worksheets  TestDesigner.com
Free printable math worksheets, with answer keys, on number concepts, measurement, geometry, algebra, and statistics. Customize your own tests by selecting from the growing database of questions  or create your own.
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 Printables: Student Handouts  The Learning Network
PDF format printable handouts. Browse by grade or subject; check out the featured handouts; or search for a topic of your choice. Other resources also available through the Lesson Planning Center links on the site.
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 The Private Eye  Kerry Ruef
A handson, investigative teaching approach that attempts to stimulate the wonder of looking closely at the world, thinking by analogy, changing scale, and theorizing. It uses everyday objects, a jeweler's loupe, and a series of simple questions, which
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 Proactive Play  Punitha Jayaraman
Articles on cognitive development research into, and activities to improve, spatial skills. Posts, which date back to October, 2012, have included "Hari Builds with Construction Set," "Piaget and van Hiele: Compare, Contrast and My Thoughts ...," "Hari's
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 Probability and Statistics  Math Forum
Links to some of the best Internet resources for probability and statistics: classroom materials, software, Internet projects, and public forums for discussion.
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 Probability in the Real World  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
An introduction to the uses of probability in everyday life, including: weather forecasting, flipping coins, batting averages, lightning strikes, and the lottery.
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 Probability  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
An introduction to basic concepts.
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 Probability of Getting Doughnuts  NASA Lewis Learning Technologies Project
A box of doughnuts contains 4 glazed, 3 creamfilled, and 2 jelly doughnuts. What is the probability of getting a creamfilled doughnut, eating it, and then getting a glazed doughnut? A detailed answer is provided. From NASA's 9th Grade Math Proficiency
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 Probability: Rolling Dice  NASA Lewis Learning Technologies Project
Probability: If a die is rolled 18 times, how many times is the number 2 expected to come up? A detailed answer is provided. From NASA's 9th Grade Math Proficiency Test.
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 ProblemAttic  EducAide Software
Thousands of questions from New York State Regents exams, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), academic competitions, and other test banks. Sign up for a free account
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 The Problem of Points  Isaac Reed
An ageold gambling problem led to the development of probability by French mathematicians Pascal and Fermat in the 17th century.
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 Problem of the Month  Grovedale Secondary College, Grovedale, Victoria, Australia
Elementary level problems posted monthly for local elementary school students. Examples include: Sums of square numbers; Trial and error spacial arrangement problem; Sums of whole numbers; Jokes/Riddles in code; Order of operations using number cards;
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 Problem of the Week Articles  the Math Forum @ Drexel
These three published articles give context to using the Math Forum's Problems of the Week with students: Writing to Develop Understanding: The Math Forum @ Drexel's PoWs; Problems of the Week Engage Students with Special Needs; and The Impact of the
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 Problem of the week  Stephen Sproule
An index of sites offering Problems of the Week, organized by level: elementary, middle grades, high school, and advanced. Sproule appraises PoW sites according to whether or not they include solutions and archive past puzzles.
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 Problems of the Week  Math Forum @ Drexel
Our goal with the Problems of the Week is to engage students in nonroutine, constructedresponse mathematics investigations that integrate writing with problem solving in the math classroom. In addition to the Current PoWs and the Problems of the Week
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 Problem Solving (SMILE)  Marilyn McCree, District 12
A lesson that uses a grocery store in the classroom to teach students to solve word problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication or division. From the Practical and Applied Math section of a collection of almost 200 single concept lessons by the
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 Problem Solving Strategies  Finlay McQuade, Boğaziçi University (Turkey)
Strategies for solving problems, each illustrated with sample math challenges and worked solutions: draw a diagram; make a list; guess and check; divide and conquer; look for a pattern; start at the end. Also available in Turkish.
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 Professional Development in a Technological Age: New Definitions, Old Challenges, New Resources  Cathy Miles Grant
This paper looks broadly at the field of professional development and the underlying principles that guide current approaches. The paper suggests specific issues that come with the process of supporting teachers in technology use, and concludes with a
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 Professional Development Program: Learning Math Together  the Math Forum @ Drexel
Four types of professional development options: (1) Customized professional development offers opportunities for close collaboration and support over time. (2) Online professional development courses: sixweek courses based around the Problem of the Week
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 Professional Development Programs for Grade K12 Teachers of Mathematics  The State University of New Jersey  Rutgers
Read about and apply for summer institutes such as Institutes for New Teachers of Mathematics and Science, Helping All Students Succeed in Grades 712 Mathematics, the Leadership Program in Discrete Mathematics, and the DIMACS Connect Institute; conferences
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 Professional Development  Texas Instruments, Inc. (TI)
Learn about the T3 Teacher Leader Cadre Program, onsite systemic professional development; T3 Outreach Program, short term, onsite professional development; T3 international and regional conferences; free online courses for professional development;
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 Professor B  Professor B Enterprises, Inc.
Arithmetic CDs, algebra books, and other products and services that aim to structure math ".. so it becomes as connected and flowing as a story."
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 Professors Rethinking Options in Mathematics for Prospective Teachers (PROMPT)  Humboldt State University Mathematics Department
A program funded by the National Science Foundation to bring together mathematics faculty members from across the country to explore the question, "How can we prepare elementary school teachers to teach for the future rather than the past?" The purpose
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 Professor Warwick Sawyer  Mark Alder
Articles by the author of Mathematician's Delight: "Things and Unthings  An approach to negative numbers," "The Contribution of Music to Mathematical Discovery," "Some Thoughts on Education and Mathematics," "Saturday Morning Mathematics in Cambridge,"
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 Progetto Rhoda  Emilio Brengio
"Numeri con qualità." Software (.exe) per la didattica della matematica nella scuola elementare: problemi; operazioni; geometria; logica; procedure e verifiche; poligoni, angoli, perimetri, e aree; e giochi.
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 Program Information Guide Service (NCBE)  The National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language (NCELA)
Short monographs that provide schoolbased personnel with information on innovative practices for working with linguistically and culturally diverse students: bilingual and ESL, language minority, immigrants, etc. The National Clearinghouse for English
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 Project 2061: Science Literacy for a Changing Future  American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
A longterm initiative to reform K12 education nationwide so that all highschool graduates will be literate in science. The project is creating a coordinated set of reform tools and services—books, CDROMS, online resources, and workshops. This site
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 ProjectBased Learning (Learning and Mathematics)  Blumenfeld, Soloway, Marx, Krajcik, Guzdial, & Palincsar; Math Forum
In this 1996 article, "Motivating projectbased learning: Sustaining the doing, supporting the learning," Blumenfeld and her colleagues at the University of Michigan describe projectbased learning and the benefits of using longterm projects as part
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 Project IMPULS  Tokyo Gakugei University
Project IMPULS (Project for International Mathteacher Professionalization Using Lesson Study) offers opportunities and ideas for mathematics teachers using lesson study. The library includes lesson study about positive and negative numbers; division;
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 Project Search: Math  Buck Institute for Education
Dozens of studies and summaries of research on project based learning (PBL) in math. The Buck Institute for Education (BIE) is creates and disseminates products, practices and knowledge for effective PBL.
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 Projects for ProjectBased Learning (PBL)  WestEd Regional Technology Education Consortium (RTEC)
Designed to provide webbased support for teachers, parents, and children who are interested in projectbased learning (PBL), design, and invention. Exemplary Projects has lesson plans, ideas, information, and links to PBL resources, and can be used by
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 Prongo.com
Free online games, such as Batter's Up Baseball and Lemonade Larry, for practicing arithmetic, investing in the stock market with real time stock prices, using logic to guess a number and decipher secret codes, and more. Themes of other games include
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 A Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem  Isaac Reed
One of the most famous theorems in mathematics, the Pythagorean theorem has many proofs. Presented here is one that relies on Euclidean algebraic geometry and is thus beautifully simple.
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 A Proof that e is Irrational  Isaac Reed
A proof by contradiction that relies on the expression of e as a power series.
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 Properties Glossary  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
What is an operation? What is an identity? What are the associative, commutative, and distributive properties? What is the property of closure? What is the inverse of something?
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 The Pros and Cons of Technology in the Classroom  Roy Pea, Larry Cuban, Bay Area School Reform Collaborative, TAPPED IN
Nationally recognized experts on the subject, Dr. Roy Pea and Dr. Larry Cuban offer their insights in this transcript of speeches each gave to a gathering of organizations that fund school reform projects. A transcript of questions and answers from the
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 ProTeacher  ProTeacher
A teachercreated resource site for elementary schoolteachers, offering lessons and materials, education news, links for finding schools, news and weather, and a reference desk. An index of links to information on various academic subjects includes Mathematics
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 Providing HandsOn, MindsOn, and Authentic Learning Experiences in Mathematics (NCREL)  Cathy Cook; Pathways to School Improvement
A linked essay giving overview, background, and issues around constructivist theory and its implementation. "When educators begin to see learning as knowledge construction, they change their thinking about curriculum, instruction, and assessment, developing
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 Proving Pi (SMILE)  Gwendolyn D. Williams, Paul Robeson High School
A lesson designed to show the ratio of pi by revolving a circle one complete time, and to teach students why the ratio is true. From the Geometry and Measurement section of a collection of almost 200 single concept lessons by the Science and Mathematics
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