 Two Points of View  Tom O'Brien
"Children are not stones or recording devices. They are, first of all, sensemakers." In summarizing his work with practicing teachers on the four basic operations, the author responds to H. H. Wu's article, "What's Sophisticated about Elementary Mathematics?"
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 Two Trains  Math Forum, a Classic Problem from the Ask Dr. Math FAQ
Two trains leave different cities heading toward each other at different speeds. When and where do they meet?
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 Typing Math  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
How should I type exponents? What about square roots? Why not use tabs? May I send attachments?
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 UberSmart Math Facts  David Kocur
UberSmart Math Facts is a flash card program intended to help kids memorize the basic addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division facts. Site also has printable worksheets for noncomputer practice. Try it free for 30 days or purchase a license.
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 UC Museum of Paleontology  University of California at Berkeley
Online exhibits, education and outreach programs, catalogs and collections, and links to other science and museum sites. Paleontology incorporates many different kinds of data from different fields. Search for type specimen data from the museum's Catalogs
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 UCSB Department of Mathematics Center for Mathematical Inquiry  Regents of the University of California
Developing "inquirybased learning approaches in the teaching of mathematics and a research base that examines teaching and learning through inquirybased practices." See past workshops, course materials for University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB)
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 UK Mirror Service  Joint Information Systems Committee, Higher Education Funding Councils, UK
Formerly HENSA, this national software archive service benefits the higher education and research community in the UK, funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee of the Higher Education Funding Councils. It maintains copies of electronic archives
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 The Ultimate Puzzle Site  van Gassel, Heijmans, van Veldhoven
A site in English and Dutch by three Dutch students. Contents include: Various Basic Puzzles and Riddles (no mathematics); Harder Puzzles and Riddles (no mathematics); Mathematical and Logicdeductional Puzzles with solutions; BrainTeasers; and Complex
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 ULTRALAB  Anglia Polytechnic University, U.K.
A research centre that writes software for learners of all ages and researches all aspects of the use of technology in learning. Reports, papers, and articles; 'old' software and hardware computing archive.
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 Ululab
Makers of Slice Fractions, a wordless puzzle through ice and lava to clear a path for a woolly mammoth. Also available in French.
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 Uncle Bob's Puzzles  Robert & Claire Mead, Haverhill, NH, USA
Math and logic problems (no solutions); if you have questions, want a hint, or want to submit a solution you're invited to email the author. Asterisks indicate greater difficulty: Blind Cowboy; A Game of Catch; The Next Three; Grandpa's Birthday; Square
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 Understanding (Learning and Mathematics)  Greeno, Riley; Math Forum
In their 1987 article, "Processes and Development of Understanding," James G. Greeno of Stanford University and Mary S. Riley of San Diego State University examine why younger children seem to lack the ability of older children to solve mathematical word
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 Understanding Mathematics: From Counting to Calculus  Keith Kressin, K Squared Publishing, Inc.
A comprehensive book for anyone who desires clear and concise math explanations, written for a nontechnical audience to cover the math fundamentals normally taught from first grade through college (for more information, see the Table of Contents).
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 Understanding 'Rate' Word Problems  Rick Garlikov
A conceptual explanation of doing various kinds of math "rate" problems (e.g., "distance/speed/time" problems, problems involving combining work done by different agents working at different rates of speed, quantity/proportion problems, etc.).
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 Understanding Temperatures  NASA Lewis Learning Technologies Project
These were the low temperatures recorded for January 15 in these cities: Minneapolis:  6 degrees; Cleveland: 5 degrees; Fargo: 11 degrees; Chicago: 2 degrees; Milwaukee: 3 degrees; Detroit: 1 degree. Which city had the low temperature closest to 0
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 Under the Dome  Mike Wiernicki
Blog by a math coach and a consultant for Learner's Advantage. Posts, which date back to October, 2013, have included "A Number Talks Reflection — A Look Back Over the Past 3 Years ...," "Relevant Decimals Lesson," "The Penny Cube," and "Are Your
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 Undusting Napier's Bones  Alexandros Diploudis; HeriotWatt University, UK
Biographical information about the Scottish mathematician John Napier, generally considered the inventor of logarithms, with a Java simulation of Napier's bones, a method for performing arithmetic operations by the manipulation of rods (called "bones"
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 The Uniform Polyhedra  Roman Maeder
A shortened version of the notebook Polyhedra.ma from Illustrated Mathematics [Gloor/Amrhein/Maeder95]. Uniform polyhedra have regular faces and congruent vertices. Allowing for nonconvex faces and vertex figures, there are 75 such polyhedra, as well
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 Unique Online Math Flash Cards  Lambert Smith, MathRUS.com
Customizable formatting characterizes these flash cards for addition, subtraction, some multiplication and some division. Free 30day trial; afterwards, a subscription is paywhatyoucan. The author writes: "This website for online math flash cards differs
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 UnitConversion.org
Perform online unit conversions for volume, distance, temperature, time, speed, and more for a total of 2,100 kinds of units in 78 different categories.
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 Unit Conversions, Unit Cancellation  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to questions about unit conversions and cancellations, from "Convert: 3.25 cm to millimeters...." to "If you can run 100 meters in 10 seconds, how long, in days, hours, and minutes, does it take you to run 12,800,000 meters?"
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 Unit Converter
The converter works for units of area, energy, pressure, volume,
temperature, mass, length, numbers, velocity etc. You put in a number and
select a base unit and select a unit to convert to. The conversion result
will immediately appear in the output
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 The United States and the Metric System  Office of Information Services, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
A capsule history, with questions and answers, a metric chocolate chip cookie recipe, and some sample size relations (kilogram of butter to pound, etc.).
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 Unit Measurement Conversion  NASA Lewis Learning Technologies Project
Which statement is NOT correct? 96 cups = 6 gallons; 9 days = 216 hours; 84 ounces = 7 pounds; 2 miles = 10,560 feet. A detailed answer is provided. From NASA's 9th Grade Math Proficiency Test.
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 Units of Measurement  NASA Lewis Learning Technologies Project
Which object is matched with its appropriate unit of measurement? Milligrams for the weight of a textbook; Kilometers for the length of a sailboat; Grams for the weight of a needle; Kiloliters for the capacity of a reservoir. A detailed answer is provided.
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 UnitWiz
An online calculator converts units of length, area, density, energy, force, mass, power, pressure, speed, temperature, or volume.
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 The Universal Currency Converter  Xenon Laboratories Incorporated
An interactive currency table. Versions are available in English, Spanish, and Swedish. The Universal Currency Converter™ allows you to perform interactive foreign exchange rate conversion on the Internet. Type the amount of source currency in the input
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 Universal Math Solver  Stanislav Kublanovsky
Software that solves problems of arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry, calculus, and other mathematics. Graphs, tables, and automated verbal and written commentaries — also available in French, Russian, Dutch, German, Italian, Spanish, and Hebrew —
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 The University of Chicago School Mathematics Program (UCSMP)
A K12 curriculum begun in 1983, with educational materials designed to bring the real world into the classroom, emphasizing reading, problemsolving, everyday applications, and the use of calculators, computers, and other technologies. Unnecessary repetition
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 Unsilence Students' Voices  Suzanne Alejandre
Article discussing how to provide an opportunity for all students to contribute to math classroom discussions. Originally published in the September, 2012, issue of the CMC ComMuniCator, journal of the California Mathematics Council, this article intersperses
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 Untangling the Mathematics of Knots (MegaMath)  Nancy Casey; Los Alamos National Laboratory
Fundamentals of knot theory for a wide range of levels  a variety of activities for exploring knots made from pieces of rope. Students can make and verify observations about knots, classify them, combine them, and find ways to determine if two knots
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 US2020
By organizing a million mentors from industry, this organization hopes to provide "uplifting moments of discovery to children through realworld, handson projects and academic coaching" in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields. The
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 U.S. Department of Education
Extensive and varied education information in categories including: educational initiatives (President's and Secretary's priorities), funding opportunities, student financial assistance, research and statistics, news and events, programs and services,
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 Use A Chair To Teach Math (SMILE)  Laura B. Reed, Rosa L. Parks School
A lesson designed to teach students some basic operations of math through measuring a chair. Sample questions: What size box would it take to mail the chair? Could two chairs fit in the same box? How many chairs could fit in this room? What area of space
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 Usenet FAQ Archive : Recreation : Puzzles  Netmeg Internet
Problems and puzzles, with solutions, from the rec.puzzles archives, in the categories: analysis, arithmetic, combinatorics, competition, decision, geometry, group, induction, instructions, language, logic, physics, pickover, probability, real life, references,
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 U.S. Geological Survey  U.S. Department of the Interior
Scientific factfinding and research organization of the U.S. Dept. of the Interior; the principal source of scientific and technical expertise in the earth sciences within the U.S. Federal Government. Includes The Learning Web, where Teacher Developed
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 Using Children's Literature in Mathematics  Elaine Young
A list of children's books (with authors) that can be used in math lessons.
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 Using Manipulatives  Math Forum, Teacher2Teacher FAQ
Answers to a frequently asked question: What role can manipulatives play in the classroom?
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 Using Technology to Enhance Engaged Learning for AtRisk Students (NCREL)  Barbara Means; Pathways to School Improvement
A "critical issue": An increasing number of educators are calling for high standards and challenging learning activities for atrisk students. New technologies can provide meaningful learning experiences for all children, especially those at risk of educational
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 Using Technology to Support Education Reform  Means, Blando, Olson, Middleton, Morocco, Remz, & Zorfass
1993 publication of the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U. S. Department of Education. Includes sections on educational technologies, support for student learning activities, support for teacher functions, effects on student achievement,
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 Using the Internet: Mathematics  Douglas Butler; Pearson Publishing (U.K.)
A 55page looseleaf book compiled to save teachers time finding excellent resources on the WWW and to provide a curriculumbased bank of ideas. Support activities do not demand that students have free access to the Web. The pack is divided into ten main
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 Using Virtual Manipulatives on the Web to Develop Number Sense  Margo Lynn Mankus
Java applets, activities, handmade manipulatives, and links related to the topic.
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 U.S. Metric Association (USMA), Inc.  Don Hillger; Colorado State University
A national nonprofit organization that advocates U.S. conversion to the International System of Units, which goes by the abbreviation SI, also called the modern metric system. The process of changing our system of units to the metric system is called
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 Utah Elementary Mathematics  David A. Smith
Blog of conceptual frameworks and other classroom resources for Utah educators implementing the Utah Core State Standards. Smith, the Elementary Mathematics Specialist at the Utah State Office of Education (USOE), has posted since October, 2013; and also
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 Valgetal (Falling Numbers)  Rinze Joustra
A PC (Windows 3.x/95/98/NT/Msdos) game that challenges players to complete basic math equations by controlling the placement of numbers falling into a container. (To make a column of 3 blocks, the number above must be the sum of the 2 numbers beneath.)
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 Valuing as the Key to Unsilencing  Suzanne Alejandre
"At the heart of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Initiative is the valued learner, a learner with an active voice in his/her own learning. Under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) practices and assessment many students' voices have fallen silent.... Valuing
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 VA Mathematics Standards of Learning  Virginia Department of Education
Standards for Virginia Public Schools, adopted 2009. The Standards of Learning for Mathematics identify the mathematics content that teachers in Virginia are expected to teach and students are expected to learn. Standards are identified for kindergarten
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 Vancouver Math Tutor  Vlad
Tutoring services for the Vancouver, B.C. (Canada) area; articles on tutoring; and algebra and probability materials used in tutoring.
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 vectorkids: math flashards and learning tools  Rick Larson, vectorkids.com
This site is dedicated to providing learning tools for elementary and middle school students. Enjoy math flashcards to strengthen basic skills, increase proficiency, and increase test scores. Subjects include geometry, fractions, divisibility rules,
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 VedicMaths.Org  Clive Middleton, Kenneth Williams, and Mark Gaskell
Learn about the ancient system of mathematics of the Vedas through interactive tutorials, research and teaching articles, recommended books and websites, a list of sutras translated from the original Sanskrit, a calendar of events, newsletter, and references
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