 Nonlinear Programming FAQ  Optimization Technology Center, Northwestern University and Argonne National Laboratory
Posted monthly to Usenet newsgroup sci.opresearch. "What is Nonlinear Programming?" "What software is there for nonlinear optimization?" "I wrote an optimization code. Where are some test models?" "What references and Web links are there in this field?"
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 Nonpartisan Education Review
The Nonpartisan Education Review provides a forum for those interested in education issues but put off by the education policy groups affiliated with the political parties. The groupo aims to make a difference by remaining nonaligned and nonpartisan.
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 Nonsexist Solution of the Menage Problem  Bogart, Doyle
A paper that appeared in the American Mathematical Monthly. The ménage problem asks for the number of ways of seating couples at a circular table, with men and women alternating, so that no one sits next to his or her partner. The paper presents
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 Noon Day Project  CIESE Collaborative Projects
Over 2,000 years ago, Eratosthenes made a remarkably accurate measurement of the earth's circumference. This project is a recreation of that experiment and invites the collaboration of students living at different latitudes to take measurements of shadows,
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 The Noon Observation Project  Cathie Godwin, Kathleen Smith; College of Education, Univ. of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign
A joint effort among interested schools worldwide in accurately estimating the circumference of the earth. How to compute local noon at your location; the original 1999 form for submitting Noon Observations; an explanation of the formulas for computing
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 The Normal Curve and Galton's Board  Paul Trow
Describes a mechanical device, invented by the nineteenthcentury mathematician Francis Galton, that illustrates the Central Limit Theorem, by showing how a binomial distribution approximates a normal distribution.
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 The Normal Distribution  Balasubramanian Narasimhan
Normal distributions are a very important class of statistical distributions. All normal distributions are symmetric and have bellshaped density curves with a single peak. Different values of mu and theta yield different normal density curves and hence
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 North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics (NCSSM) AP Calculus Web Center  John Goebel, Matt Wagers
Available here are postings related to the high school AP calculus program, including a Lesson Center which contains Mathcad® versions of class lectures (Mathcad® 6.0 or later required); Study Aids which provide material useful for AP Calculus exam preparation,
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 North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics (NCSSM) Interactive Math Project (IMP)  John Goebel
Investigations of parametric equations and periodic functions observed in the unit circle, ferris wheels, hanging pictures, and playground swings.
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 The North Carolina State High School Mathematics Contest  John Goebel
Download PDFs of recent contest questions and solutions, and see test statistics and item analysis. Read brief and detailed histories of the contest, rules, and more. The State Mathematics Contest was initiated in 1979 to provide state level competition
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 Northeast Regional Climate Center (NRCC)  Department of Soil, Crop and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University
The NRCC serves a 12state region that includes Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and West Virginia, working to acquire and disseminate accurate, uptodate
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 Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA)
The department of the United Kingdom government that collects statistics about Northern Ireland. Includes tables and graphs of key socioeconomic statistics, which are available for download as Lotus 123 worksheets; demographic data, available in Lotus
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 Northwestern Crows: Using Rational Functions to Investigate the Behavior of Northwestern Crows (iMath Investigations)  Illuminations; National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
An online, interactive, multimedia math investigation in which students use rational functions to explore the possible reasons behind the observation that northwestern crows consistently drop a type of mollusk called a whelk from a height of 5 meters.
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 Northwest Math Conference
An annual conference that "brings together mathematics teachers from all levels of primary, secondary, and undergraduate education to learn and share about mathematics and pedagogy." Find information on Northwest Math Conference (NWMC) programs, speakers,
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 Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory (NWREL)
A searchable site whose mission is to improve educational results for children, youth, and adults by providing research and development assistance in delivering equitable, highquality educational programs. NWREL provides research and development assistance
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 Northwest to the Pole and TwoHeaded Coins (Math Chat)  Frank Morgan; Christian Science Monitor
Suppose you start at the earth's equator and travel continuously northwest until you reach the North Pole. What does your path look like? How long is your path?
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 The Norwegian Mathematical Olympiad
Problems and solutions from the Abel Competition, the Norwegian Mathematical Competition (NMC), and the Baltic Way, dating back to 1992, many in English. The Norwegian Mathematical Olympiad is organized by the Norwegian Mathematical Society in cooperation
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 Notation for some Knots (Geometry and the Imagination)  Conway, Doyle, Gilman, Thurston; The Geometry Center
It is hard mathematically to completely codify all possible knots. Given two knots, it is difficult to tell whether they are the same. It is harder still to tell for sure that they are different. Many simple knots can be arranged in a form described
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 Not Dumb (Learning and Mathematics)  Sheila Tobias; Math Forum
In her 1990 book, They're Not Dumb, They're Different, Tobias addresses a concern that has been widely felt across the country for years: the shortfall in the number of students who go on to become scientists. She notes the importance of high school mathematics
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 Notes and Literature on Prime Numbers  Peter Alfeld, University of Utah
From Understanding Mathematics, a study guide for Univ. of Utah students. Includes definitions, explanations, links to other related sites, and a list of works to consult for further reference.
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 Not Just Sums  Emily Hillier, Not Just Sums
Teaching and learning resources from the U.K. Learn about the product range and educational philosophy, and try sample resources, a daily starter activity, and online games.
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 Not So Humble Pi  Craig Snodgrass
Humorous wall calendars that run from March to March, in honor of Pi Day, 3/14. Also, buy greeting cards that celebrate pi, and submit your own πku poetry. A portion of all orders goes to the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.
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 NOVA Online: Hunting the Hidden Dimension  Public Broadcasting System (PBS)
The PBS television series NOVA has produced a program about fractals, their impact on the world of mathematics, and the way they're shaping our understanding of nature. In addition to the program itself (in five chapters), the website offers a program
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 NOVA Online: The Proof  WGBH, Public Broadcasting System (PBS)
For over 350 years, some of the greatest minds of science struggled to prove what was known as Fermat's Last Theorem  the idea that a certain simple equation had no solutions. This site includes an interview with Andrew Wiles (the man who spent seven
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 NOVA Podcasting  Public Broadcasting System (PBS)
Podcasts from the producers of the awardwinning science documentary show: NOVA Podcast: expanding on topics from the T.V. programs; NOVA scienceNOW podcast: conversations with scientists and science journalists; NOVA Vodcast: video podcasts; NOVA E
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 Nova Scotia Software Evaluation Reports  Ednet
This evaluation of microcomputer software and multimedia products is coordinated by the Program Branch of the Nova Scotia Department of Education and Culture. The software reviews are published to assist educators in selecting software for use in public
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 NOVA Teachers: Featured Teacher  PBS
Teachers' featured stories of a lesson plan using one of the NOVA films. Lesson titles include: Students Inclined to Study Galileo, Exploring Research Bias, Placing Value on Maya Math, Teaching with Trebuchets, Bridges Form Foundation for Geometry Unit,
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 Now College  Online Math Courses and Tutorials  Now International
An online learning company. Products are designed with video instruction, "realtime" whiteboard handwriting, graphics, animations, graphs, tables, and math notation. A complete highschool math program is planned. Currently, courses in trigonometry
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 NRICH Maths, the Online Maths Club  Univ. of Cambridge, UK
A project that aims to establish a permanent national centre for curriculum enrichment to provide mathematical learning support for very able children of all ages. The learning and enjoyment of mathematics are promoted through an Internet Newsletter and
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 The Nth Prime Page  Andrew Booker
A form into which you can enter a value for n, from 1 to 10^12, inclusive. The server will return the nth prime number (counting 2 as the first). Commas and scientific notation (e.g. 1.0e12) are allowed. Also a Pi function: enter a value for x, from 1
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 n to 0 power  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
Why any number raised to the zero power is equal to one.
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 The Nuffield Foundation
Math teaching and learning resources include freely downloadable Freestanding Mathematics Activities (FSMAs) and Applying Mathematical Processes (AMP) activities, a mix of investigations and practical explorations. The Nuffield Foundation works to improve
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 Null Science  Ivars Peterson  Science News Online
A growing number of psychologists charge that their field needs to wean itself from the mindless application of certain statistical practices, especially a technique known as null hypothesis or significance testing, where the investigator typically gathers
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 numb3rs blog  Mark Bridger, Department of Mathematics, Northeastern University
A blog where math professor Bridger posts mathematical comments on the TV show "Numb3rs". Dating back to February, 2005, posts include "Math and March Madness" and "Random motion and FokkerPlanck" and "Acoustic fingerprints and the JFK assassination"
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 NUMB3RS  CBS Broadcasting Inc.
NUMB3RS depicts how the confluence of police work and mathematics helps solve criminal questions. Watch video clips of actors Rob Morrow and David Krumholtz on the set, as well as trailers of the television show and previews of upcoming episodes.
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 Numb3rs Math Activities  Cornell Department of Mathematics
Notes and activities on the mathematics behind each CBS television broadcast of the FBI crime series NUMB3RS, from the pilot episode through season five: Uncertainty Principle, Sniper Zero, Dirty Bomb, Assassin, Toxin, Backscatter, Two Daughters, Burn
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 NumberADay  The Mathematical Association of America (MAA)
Every working day, a new positive integer, with a selection of its properties and an illustration or photograph.
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 Number and Algebra  James Garner
An essay on the historical relationship between numbers and algebra.
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 Number and Geometry  James Garner
An essay on the historical relationship between numbers and geometry.
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 Number and Word Puzzles  Ken Egan
Number and word puzzles, including Digicross, in worksheet and interactive (Java) format.
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 Number Bases  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
What is base 10? Binary? Hexadecimal? How can you convert from one base to another?
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 Number Dictionary  Gerardis Giannis, Tsibourakis Dimitris
Enter a number to see its characteristics, such as primality, Fibonacci numbers, factorization, sum of first primes, sum of two squares, triangular numbers, roots, perfect numbers, and more...
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 The Number Empire  Vitalii Vanovschi
Enter a positive integer up to 10^12, press the "Go!" button, and The Number Empire states  in yes/no format  whether you entered a prime number, a Bell number, a Catalan number, or a factorial. The same single click displays the integer written out
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 A Number Game  Zusheng Rao
Imagine this interesting game. Given 9 numbers (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9), can you make a number like 1997 by using these numbers and +  * operations without changing their positions? This applet can tell you: put 9 in the column corresponding to "Max Number"
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 Number Glossary  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
What are abundant, amicable, deficient, figurate, happy, narcissistic, palindromic, perfect, polygonal, proper divisors, semiperfect, sociable, square, tetrahedral, triangular, and weird numbers?
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 Number Gossip  Tanya Khovanova
Searchable database up to the number 10,000. Checks more than 40 fun predefined properties of numbers, and shows many original and unique properties of an input number. See also this math coach's math blog, lectures, and more from her home page.
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 Number Guessing  Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
Think of a number and answer a few questions posed by the computer. After a while the compter will announce your number. The trick is based on a special card design whose variations appeared more than a hundred years ago.
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 Numbering Systems and Place Values  John Knoderer, The MazeMan
Primarily a page about large numbers. Topics covered include: Place Values, ones up to trillions; Place Values, tenths down to trillionths; the American Numbering System; Googol and Googolplex; and the British Numbering System.
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 Number Loving Beagle  Megan Schmidt
Blog by a high school teacher in Minnesota who also serves as the head of her math department. Posts, which date back to September, 2013, have included "Aha for patient problem solving"; "Creating Mathematically Curious Students"; "A Speedy Makeover for
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 numbermaze  Mike Reilly & Jenks Norwalk
A Sudokulike maze puzzle that uses the number pattern from a clock face, one through twelve. Link these numbers in either direction – clockwise or counterclockwise – through the maze to solve the puzzle. Read complete rules, path strategy, hints, and
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