 Project 2061: Science Literacy for a Changing Future  American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
A longterm initiative to reform K12 education nationwide so that all highschool graduates will be literate in science. The project is creating a coordinated set of reform tools and services—books, CDROMS, online resources, and workshops. This site
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 Project Atmosphere Australia Online  Sel Kerans; Australian Bureau of Meteorology
Online meteorological activities open to international schools. The site provides access to Australian weather observations, forecasts, and archived weather statistics, with information designed to educate the general public about weather and related
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 ProjectBased Learning (Learning and Mathematics)  Blumenfeld, Soloway, Marx, Krajcik, Guzdial, & Palincsar; Math Forum
In this 1996 article, "Motivating projectbased learning: Sustaining the doing, supporting the learning," Blumenfeld and her colleagues at the University of Michigan describe projectbased learning and the benefits of using longterm projects as part
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 Projectile Dynamics in Sport  Colin White
Treatise of a range of sports equipment. Authored by a Principal Lecturer at the University of Portsmouth, Projectile Dynamics in Sport begins with a mathematical treatment of the general principles of flight, examining balls, discusses, javelins, shot
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 Project IMPULS  Tokyo Gakugei University
Project IMPULS (Project for International Mathteacher Professionalization Using Lesson Study) offers opportunities and ideas for mathematics teachers using lesson study. The library includes lesson study about positive and negative numbers; division;
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 Project Interactivate  Shodor Education Foundation, Inc.
Interactive middle school lessons on number and operations, geometry and measurement, functions and algebra, and probability and statistics. They feature: online activities (illustrative Java applets including: Venn diagrams; clock arithmetic; Pythagorean
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 Project Lead The Way
Project Lead The Way (PLTW) promotes preengineering courses for middle and high school students by partnering public schools, higher education institutions and the private sector. Goals of this national, notforprofit educational program include increasing
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 Project Search: Math  Buck Institute for Education
Dozens of studies and summaries of research on project based learning (PBL) in math. The Buck Institute for Education (BIE) is creates and disseminates products, practices and knowledge for effective PBL.
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 Project SEED
A nonprofit math consulting organization whose goal is to increase the number of minority and educationally disadvantaged youth majoring and pursuing careers in mathematics and related fields. It uses a nonlecture Socratic group style of instruction,
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 Projects for ProjectBased Learning (PBL)  WestEd Regional Technology Education Consortium (RTEC)
Designed to provide webbased support for teachers, parents, and children who are interested in projectbased learning (PBL), design, and invention. Exemplary Projects has lesson plans, ideas, information, and links to PBL resources, and can be used by
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 Project SkyMath: Making Mathematical Connections  University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Using the science and language of patterns to explore the weather. A middle school mathematics module using realtime weather data and current environmental issues to promote the learning of significant mathematics, consistent with the NCTM Standards.
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 Promoting Engagement and Supporting Leadership Development:
Online Teacher Professional Development at the Math Forum  Wesley Shumar, Jason Silverman, & Troy P. Regis, Drexel University
PDFformat article. Abstract: Teacher professional development (TPD) in its current state is typically episodic, fragmented, and often not rewarding over the long haul. There is need for a more substantial and extensive core set of TPD experiences that
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 Prongo.com
Free online games, such as Batter's Up Baseball and Lemonade Larry, for practicing arithmetic, investing in the stock market with real time stock prices, using logic to guess a number and decipher secret codes, and more. Themes of other games include
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 A Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem by Liu Hui (third century A.D.)  Donald B. Wagner
Web version of an article which appeared in Historia mathematica, 1985, 12, pp. 713. Includes Chinese characters, which were not in the published version. Some statements here are no longer up to date, but the article has not been significantly modified.
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 A Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem  Isaac Reed
One of the most famous theorems in mathematics, the Pythagorean theorem has many proofs. Presented here is one that relies on Euclidean algebraic geometry and is thus beautifully simple.
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 Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem (Math Exploration Quilt)  Rik Littlefield; Hanford School
Proof by the scaling law.
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 Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem  Rik Blok
Pythagorean theorem: in a right triangle the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the sides containing the right angle. Two proofs: one by a construction, and one by the method of similar triangles.
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 Proofs in Mathematics  Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
A discussion of the value of proofs in the classroom, followed by a collection of proofs classified as either simple or charming. Simple proofs: Number of vowels in a Lewis Carroll game; Pigeonhole Principle; Number of X's and O's; Coloring points in
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 A Proof that e is Irrational  Isaac Reed
A proof by contradiction that relies on the expression of e as a power series.
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 Proof: The Sum of Prime Twins is Divisible by 12  Mathematics Dept., College of Marin
Prime twins are prime numbers that are two numbers apart. For example 41 and 43 are prime twins. Can you PROVE that the sum of prime twins is divisible by 12?
(This proof doesn't work for the prime twins 3 and 5.)
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 Properties Glossary  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
What is an operation? What is an identity? What are the associative, commutative, and distributive properties? What is the property of closure? What is the inverse of something?
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 The Pros and Cons of Technology in the Classroom  Roy Pea, Larry Cuban, Bay Area School Reform Collaborative, TAPPED IN
Nationally recognized experts on the subject, Dr. Roy Pea and Dr. Larry Cuban offer their insights in this transcript of speeches each gave to a gathering of organizations that fund school reform projects. A transcript of questions and answers from the
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 Proudnerd.com  Heather Sable
"For the selfassured nerd": humorous tshirts, long sleeve tshirts, women's tshirts, sweatshirts, hooded sweatshirts, boxer shorts, hats and caps, bags and backpacks, mugs and cups, mousepads, apparel for kids, babies, and toddlers, and more. Solve
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 Providing HandsOn, MindsOn, and Authentic Learning Experiences in Mathematics (NCREL)  Cathy Cook; Pathways to School Improvement
A linked essay giving overview, background, and issues around constructivist theory and its implementation. "When educators begin to see learning as knowledge construction, they change their thinking about curriculum, instruction, and assessment, developing
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 Psychosemiotic Theory and Educational Practice  Alice Leonard
Walkerdine and Corran's (1979) paper showed how psychosemiology may account for developmental data as a potentially fruitful alternative to the better known stage theories, like that of Piaget. They argued that learning mathematics is an ideal activity
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 P.T. Chang
Articles by this math professor from the University of Alaska Anchorage's MatSu College include "The Ostentatious World of Algebra," "InService Training for the Math Teacher of the 21st Century," and "Retesting in a College Remedial Mathematics Course."
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 Ptolemy's Ptools  ThinkQuest 1998
Easytounderstand math projects for students to do by themselves or with adult direction. Triangle investigations of the perspectives of the 3D video games Star Fleet Academy, Quake II, and Sub Culture Submarine Adventure. "Quadrant projects" involve
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 Public Domain Materials  Mike Jones
A collection of public domain instructional and expository materials from a USborn math teacher who teaches in China. Microsoft Word and PDF downloads include a monthly circular consisting of short problems, "The BowandArrow Problem," and "Twinkle
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 Public Outreach, Education, Teaching and Reaching Youth (POETRY)  Sten Odenwald, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
The goal of the IMAGE mission's education and public outreach program (POETRY) is to explain how solar storms affect the Earth, and to correct misconceptions about Earth's magnetic field, its radiation belts, and why we have aurora. Read the latest information
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 Public Understanding of Mathematics  Key Issues in Mathematics at the Math Forum
Links to organizations and articles that explore perceptions and assumptions nonmathematicians hold about mathematics and mathematicians.
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 Publishing or Programming? A Framework for the Development and Presentation of Work by Children on the World Wide Web  Judy Keiner
A paper to be presented at SIGGRAPH97, Los Angeles, August 8th 1997, involving process writing approaches, and including three criteria for evaluating Web pages. Also links to example sites.
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 PUERTRA  Javier Sánchez González
The software package PUERTRA implemented a theoretical study of formal properties of Islamic geometrical art. PUERTRA modeled the Islamic rectilinear interlaced lattices found extensively in wood work (artesonado ceilings, mosque minbars, doors and windows,
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 PuraMate
Ejercicios e soluciones de ecuaciones de primer grado, ecuaciones de segundo grado, algebra de Baldor, polinomios, producto y cociente notable, binomios, trinomios, desigualdades, y inecuaciones. Un blog empezó en octubre, 2014, tiene entradas
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 Pure Math Online
Pure Math Online uses live, personal tutors to help students with algebra and other math homework in real time over the Internet. Program information and signup for free demo are available on the site.
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 Pure Numbers Daily Blog
New equations every day, made of the individual numerals in the date. Daily entries in this blog, launched on 11 October, 2012 (10/11/12), preserve the order of the individual digits using arithmetic, geometry, trigonometry, combinations and permutations,
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 Purplemath  Your Algebra Resource  Elizabeth Stapel
Algebra modules provide lessons, practical tips, hints, worked examples, and point out common mistakes in basic triangle length (trigonometry) values, calculators (what model to buy), canceling units, domain and range, exponents, factoring quadratics,
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 Putting the Pieces Together (Making a Fractional Quilt) (SMILE)  Demetria E. McKnight, Bateman Elementary School
An lesson designed to motivate students to develop a sense of equivalent fractions; explore addition of fractions with unlike denominators; and learn to divide a whole number into specified equal parts. From the Arithmetic section of a collection of almost
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 Puzzle Choice
A wide choice of puzzles and games for all ages, including crosswords, wordsearches, brainteasers, number puzzles (a calculator is provided), logics, teacher resources and other online games, including mazes.
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 Puzzlemaker  Discovery Education
A puzzle generation tool for teachers, students and parents. Create and print customized puzzles, including math squares and number blocks, online, or buy a CD with editing tools and other extras.
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 Puzzle Page  The Black Stump Ltd.
More than 150 links to puzzle sites on the Web. A new site is added each week.
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 Puzzler  Franklin Institute Online
Puzzles from the inQuiry Almanack Puzzle Archive: e.g. Cryptograms, January, 1998. Coded messages hide famous quotations. A clue is offered to begin breaking the code, and an answer key is provided. One puzzle a month from March of 1995 through July of
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 Puzzlers  Bryan Clair, University of Chicago
A collection of Clair's favorite puzzles (no discussion or answers are provided): The Nine Dots; Weighing Coins; The Dollar Hotel, Planning an Orchard; The Math Department; Tea and Cream; Bugs on a Square; River Crossing; More Crawling Bugs; The Unexpected
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 Puzzles
A blog of math puzzles. Post your answers in the comments sections.
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 Puzzles  Martin Watson
Blogs, comments, musings, design sketches, and photographs of mechanical puzzles by an avid collector and craftsman. Puzzle news, the author's own burrs (Watson's wormhole, digigrams, Dutch cubist), indepth explorations of manipulative puzzles (Puzzles
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 Puzzles of Leonid Mochalov  Leonid Mochalov
Numerical and visual puzzles, some in Russian only, most in English.
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 Puzzles, & Riddles  The Contest Center  Frank Rubin
Hundreds of puzzles and mathematical problems ranging from kindergarten through postdoctoral levels. For the easier puzzles, answers are provided on the site; names of those who submit correct solutions to harder problems are posted. See also Puzzles
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 Puzzle University  Amy Galitzer
A nonaccredited "university," created solely for fun. Everything is free to play and take part in. Register, pass a simple test, and advance from freshman to sophomore to junior to senior to grad student this way. The puzzles get harder as you progress.
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 Puzzle Up  Binary Arts Corporation
A collection of others' Java puzzles, baffler and logic questions, "for serious puzzlers," best of the week, and mazes and mysteries, each organized into the three different skill levels of young, brisk, and expert. Also, information on the company's
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 PuzzleUp  Emrehan Halici
New problems and games posted every week in a contest format. Register, read the competition's rules, and browse the archive of past problems.
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 PuzzleWise  Test Best International, Inc.
A supplemental program consisting of math crossword puzzles, each clue of which links directly to state and national gradelevel math skill expectations. The site offers samples, testimonials, prices, and a free newsletter.
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