 Evolution of Arabic (Roman) Numerals from India  B. B. Vishnu
A description of the development of our number signs, from India throughout the rest of the world, with highlights of how mathematics was helped and hindered by concepts of numbers. From Mathematics and the Spiritual Dimension.
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 The Evolution of the Real Numbers  Lawrence Spector
An introduction to real numbers, including such topics as: the ratio of natural numbers; continuous versus discrete; fractions; unit fractions; rational numbers; measurement: geometry and arithmetic; common measure; squares and their sides; incommensurable
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 ExamHelp  Anamika Sinha
Log in to generate math worksheets to print out or solve online with autoscoring, and to participate in web contests. ExamHelp has also blogged since October, 2010.
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 Examining How Mathematics is Used in the Workplace  Annie and John Selden; Mathematical Association of America
Abstracts of studies on how much mathematics is used in various occupations: Mathematics in Automobile Production; Proportional Reasoning by Nurses; Modeling the Mathematics of Banking; Mathematical Models as Seen by Biologists; How do Scientists Interpret
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 Excel Everywhere.com  Framtidsforum I&M AB
Automatically converts a spreadsheet into a goodlooking and calculating web page. It can be used to present mathematics on the web, and for creating selfcorrecting tests. Teachers can get free licenses for student projects, so that these can be presented
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 ExcelGrade eLearning
Online tutoring in math, science, and English, using a proprietary headset and whiteboard. Details, including testimonials and pricing, on the web.
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 The Excellent Adventure  Shawsheen Valley Technical High School, Billerica, MA
A mathbased crosscurricular site where students take a trip from Philadelphia down the East coast to Disney World, with several required stops and activities along the way. A teacher's guide, worksheets, and activities are provided: students figure
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 Excel Math  Brad Baker, Janice Raymond, et al.
A curriculum that presents math in a spiraling fashion for kindergarten through sixth grade students. Features include selfcorrection through Excel Math's CheckAnswer system, which allows students to check their own work. Download a sample packet or
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 Exclusive Educational Products  Exclusive Educational Products
Order math resources and manipulatives for the curriculum of Ontario, Canada, as listed by grade or by the strands of number sense, measurement, patterning and algebra, geometry, data management, and assessment. Virtual workshops include samples from
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 Exemplars
Exemplars is meant to assist teachers, schools and districts implement authentic assessment and problem solving in their classrooms and to meet the challenging new standards developed in mathematics, science and humanities at the national, state and local
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 Exercises in Imagination (Geometry and the Imagination)  Conway, Doyle, Gilman, Thurston; The Geometry Center
How do you imagine geometric figures in your head? Most people talk about their threedimensional imagination as 'visualization', but that isn't exactly right. A visual image is a kind of picture, and it is really twodimensional. The image you form in
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 The Exhibitionists  National Museums Liverpool
The site uses simple examples to give a basic outline of life behind the scenes at the museums, and all the math problems that curators solve as they plan and present exhibitions. The prices and measurements in the puzzles are made up to give viewers
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 Expanding Universe: a classified search tool for amateur astronomy  Daniels, Enright, Gliddon, & SenRoy
A collection of sites organized using a modified Dewey Decimal Classification, to make searching the web more like browsing a library shelf. Includes an alphabetical terms list for searching and a request for more sites.
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 Expectations of Mathematics Education  EXTEND  Perspectives on Mathematics Education
Links to articles about society's conflicting expectations for the goals (ends) and pedagogy (means) of school mathematics. Concerns about the relation of skills to understanding, about connections with other disciplines, and about preparation for employment.
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 The Expert Mathematician  James Jospeh Baker
A computermediated program of instruction to help middle school students develop the thinking processes necessary for mathematical planning, applications and communication. Expert Mathematician, which uses LOGO, suits cooperative learning and "guide
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 The Exploratorium
Home page of San Francisco's museum of science, art and human perception. Online exhibits, cool sites, archives, sport and science, and the digital library (the Exploratorium AtoZ).
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 Exploratorium's Science of Baseball  The Exploratorium
Interactive (Shockwave) exhibits from San Francisco's science museum include Fastball Reaction Time (can you hit a 90mph fastball?) and Scientific Slugger (see what makes a home run: vary the angle of the ball, bat speed, and pitch speed, then watch
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 Exploratorium's Science of Cycling  The Exploratorium
Organized into seven sections. Introduction: What is the Science of Cycling? The wheel: Why do road bikes have thin tires, while mountain bikes have fat tires? Drives and gears: What is a gear ratio? And how do gears help make the bicycle so efficient?
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 Exploratorium's Science of Hockey  The Exploratorium
This site takes you inside the game: you'll hear from National Hockey League players and coaches, as well as leading physicists and chemists. Divided into seven main sections: the ice (why is ice slippery?), skating (what are the mechanics involved in
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 Exploratorium's Skateboard Science  The Exploratorium
Watch a webcast (RealPlayer) of professional skateboarders performing as an Exploratorium staff physicist explains the physics behind this extreme sport; also, an interview with a skateboard designer, and a Flatland Freestyle demo. "Trickscience" looks
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 ExploreLearning.com  ExploreLearning
A library of virtual manipulatives called "Gizmos", primarily for grades 312, in math and science. Math topics include the major strands of instruction according to national standards, as well as developmental math, college algebra and collegelevel
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 Explore Patterns in Pascal's Triangle  Jeremy Baer
In 1653, a French mathematician named Blaise Pascal described a triangular arrangement of numbers corresponding to the probabilities involved in flipping coins, or the number of ways to choose n objects from a group of m indistinguishable objects. It
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 Exploring Data  Math Forum/USI
Pages for finding and displaying data sets, designed to support workshops on statistics given by the Math Forum for the Urban Systemic Initiative in Philadephia and San Diego. Included are: links by level to relevant statistics Standards (NCTM, California,
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 Exploring Fractals  Mary Ann Connors, Dept. of Mathematics & Statistics, Univ. of Massachusetts at Amherst
Exploring Fractal Dimensions of Strictly SelfSimilar Fractals: Cantor Dust to the Fractal Skewed Web: what are fractals? selfsimilar shapes; what is dimension; a mathematical interpretation; noninteger and integer fractal dimensions; generating fractals;
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 Exploring Histograms (iMath Investigations)  Illuminations; National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
An online, interactive, multimedia math investigation. A histogram is a standard way of representing a collection of data. The interactive tool contained in this iMath investigation allows students to create their own sets of data and examine how various
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 Exploring Parabolas (JavaSketchpad) (MSTE)  James P. Dildine; University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign (UIUC)
Directions and descriptions for creating and simulating the creation of a parabola. The creation takes place within a Java Window in the browser and allows the user to interact with the sketch of a parabola he or she creates. The page includes tips and
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 Exploring the Shape of Space  Jeff Weeks; Key Curriculum Press
Geometry and cosmology for grades 610. Lessons and activities to accompany the computeranimated video The Shape of Space (also available on CDROM and based on Jeff Weeks' book by the same name). Each lesson includes teacher notes, blackline master
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 Exploring Your Future in Math and Science  Andrew FrankLoron, Jennifer Handrich, ChiaChen Wu
Encouraging Women in the Sciences: the Women and Science page of the WWW. As part of the final project for a Women's Studies course at the University of WisconsinMadison, students explored reasons why women are less likely to enter professions in math
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 Expository Papers from the Geometry Center
Documents written at the Geometry Center that take advantage of hypertext to present information about mathematics or the Geometry Center in a style accessible to a wide audience. Engineering Education at the Geometry Center (Keynes, Wicklin); Outside
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 EXTEND: Perspectives on Mathematics Education  Exxon Education Foundation
EXTEND is a national Internet forum on mathematics education intended to involve new constituencies, engage new voices, and examine new perspectives. Major topics are explored through forum reports, position papers, and reader commentary. Issues include
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 Extracts from Thomas Hirst's diary  MacTutor Math History Archives
Quotations from Thomas Hirst's journals concerning the following mathematicians: Bertrand, Boole, Brioschi, Cayley, Chasles, Chebyshev, Cremona, De Morgan, Dirichlet, Gauss, Kovalevskaya, Liouville, Maxwell, Poinsot, and Steiner.
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 The Eyeballing Game  Matthias Wandel
Test your ability to "eye up" geometric figures with this timed Flash challenge. First consult the help documentation to correctly calibrate your monitor resolution and aspect ratio; then click and drag the blue ray or point to accurately construct the
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 Eye on Education  WGBH Boston
An outreach effort by WGBH in Boston, including resource materials, broadcast specials, and an expanded Web site to help parents more actively advocate for their children. Resources for students, teachers, and parents, including lesson plans, Boston high
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 Eye Opener Series  Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
A collection of Java applets that illustrate and thus help to solve or prove various math problems: Euclid's Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem; Construction problem; Disappearing Lines puzzle; Sam Loyd's fifteen; Sliders puzzle; Lucky 7 puzzle; Happy 8
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 Ez Math Trix  J.R. Grandhe, MD
A video explaining: tips on addition, subtraction, multiplicaion, division, and squaring; tricks involving playing cards, dice, dominoes, and the calendar; an easy way to calculate time; and fun with numbers and math games. Available in DVD or VHS (2
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 Faceted Objects: Tanks to Teapots  Paul Flavin
A "Tiny Library of Faceted Surfaces." Cube, Venus de Milo Statue, Utah Teapot, M1 Tank, Ludwig Beethoven, magna Girl. For each object the format, number of vertices, number of facets, geometry (shape), bytes, and filename are listed.
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 FactMonster: 2006 Winter Olympics  FactMonster.com; the Learning Network
The Fact Monster site, created as part of Information Please from Pearson Education, offers a variety of interesting links for the Winter Olympics in Torino, Italy, taking place February 10  26. The site includes olympic history, sports previews, a timeline,
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 FactMonster: Math  FactMonster.com; the Learning Network
Almanac of information on numbers, measurement, tables and formulas, and money; with special features and online games and quizzes.
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 The Factor Game (iMath Investigations)  Illuminations; National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
An online, interactive, multimedia math investigation. The Factor Game engages students in a friendly contest in which winning strategies involve distinguishing between numbers with many factors and numbers with few factors. Students are then guided through
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 Factorials 1!  30!  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A table of the factorials 1! through 30!
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 Factoring and Primes (High School Math)  Homeworkhelp.com, Inc.
The words "Product" "Factor," "Factoring," and "Prime"; How do I factor a natural number?; How do I know if a number is divisible by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, or 11?; How do I know whether a number is prime (i.e. can't be factored any further)?; Table of 1000
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 Factor Table, 160  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A table of the factors for the numbers 1 through 60.
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 Fahrenheit to Celsius  Jim Loy
Ways to convert: two equations, two unknowns.
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 Fair Shares (MatheMUSEments!)  Ivars Peterson (Math Muse for Kids)
The birthday party is over, and one chunk of thickly frosted, richly decorated cake is uneaten. Your mother insists that you and your sister slice the cake into two equal pieces, so that she doesn't have to listen to you fight over which is bigger. What
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 The Fall and Rise of StandardsBased Education  Marzano, Kendall; Midcontinent Regional Educational Laboratory (McREL)
A National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE) Issues in Brief. A brief historical overview that puts the standards movement in the context of recent education reform efforts and surveys some of the problems that have arisen in the development
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 False Proofs, Classic Fallacies  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
What's wrong with proofs that say 1+1 = 1, or 2 = 1?
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 Famdays
A famday is a day on which the combined ages of family members add up to a whole number of years  in a sense, a family birthday, a reason for a celebration that contributes to strengthening family ties. Students can compute famdays for their families
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 FAME (Fractal Art Museum Enterprise)  Joseph Trotsky, Director
A display of fractals by hundreds of artists. The site hosts permanent expositions, along with thematic and periodic exhibitions, annual contests, papers on fractal theory, software and tutorials for making fractals, and more.
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 Family Economics & Financial Education  Take Charge America Institute, University of Arizona
Free, readytoteach classroom materials, teacher training, newsletters, grants and other activities for teachers to expand knowledge of family economics and to incorporate money management related lessons into their grade 7 through 12 classrooms. Family
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 Family Finance  Utah State University Family Finance
PowerPoint presentations for selfguided study: financial attitudes, values & goals; budgeting; creating your financial information binder; and how to budget your money. Other resources from the Utah State University Cooperative Extension agency include
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