 Vygotsky's Distinction Between Lower and Higher Mental Functions and Recent Studies on Infant Cognitive Development  Eugene Subbotsky; Psychology Department, University of Lancaster, UK
One of the major theoretical advances of Vygotsky's approach to cognitive development was his thesis that human mental functions are social in origin. In making this claim, Vygotsky was confronted with the difficulty of reconciling it with the fact that
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 Waldomaths  Ron Barrow
Original applets on number, algebra and graphs; shape, space and measure; probability and data handling, including histograms; investigative tools (quadratic and cubic sequences); core (pure) mathematics; decision mathematics (network graphs and linear
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 Walpha Wiki  Derek Bruff and others
As collaborative site to record how secondary and undergraduate math educators use WolframAlpha, or Walpha as it's called here, in the classroom. In particular, the authors are interested in how students might use Walpha themselves, as well as how teachers
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 Washington MESA
Washington MESA (Mathematics, Engineering and Science Achievement) is developing middle and high school curriculum units and middle school modules/books available through Cuisenaire Dale Seymour Publications that integrate concepts within mathematics
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 WASL Math Prompts  Port Angeles School District, Washington state
Sample questions for the WASL, Washington State Assessment of Student Learning. Most questions have answers printed above the questions. Sample questions are offered for kindergarten through high school levels, organized by mathematical content, and accompanied
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 Was Math Invented or Discovered?  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to questions about whether math was invented or discovered.
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 WatchKnowLearn  Community Foundation of Northwest Mississippi
Thousands of free online math educational videos, categorized into topics such as mathematics for young learners, number operations, math in the real world, precalculus, math study skills and test prep, and history of math.
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 Water Tidbits: Questions and Answers  U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Topics covered include: Water use in the United States, USGS water data and measurements; Water use in your home; Chemistry and water. Links to other sites about water.
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 WatsonMath.com  Elaine Watson
A repository for ideas and links that support Watson's work as a K12 mathematics consultant, such as spreading the word about the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics and how they can be implemented by classroom teachers. Posts, which date back
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 The Weather Calculator  National Weather Service, El Paso, TX
The El Paso National Weather Service Office's weather calculator provides temperature, moisture, pressure, and wind unit conversions for 16 different weatherrelated variables.
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 Weather Underground  University of Michigan
One Sky, Many Voices: resources for collaborative study of current weather events for K12 classrooms, afterschool groups, and athome learning. Gather data on weather information on the Web, current conditions around the world, historical weather patterns,
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 WebCalc  Blaine Hilton
A collection of free, Webbased calculators that solve complete equations. Many of the calculators allow the user to solve for any of the variables. Subjects include algebra, geometry, trigonometry, fractions, complex numbers, and miscellaneous math;
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 The Web Classroom  Eagle Eye Web Masters
An educational site from Australia that provides lessons and tests to help students understand concepts in Mathematics and build language skills in English. Elementary and Middle School math pages offer Fun with Fractions, "What Number," Times Tables,
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 WebCrawler
Search the WebCrawler contentsindexed database by keyword  the contents of documents are indexed, not just their titles and URLs. You may include both general and specific queries. Or browse categories: Arts & Books; Autos; Careers; Computers &
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 WebGL Chorded Polygons
Dynamically draws all chords of regular polygons up to 250 sides. Adjust the sliders to change the number of polygon vertices, to zoom in, and to pan around.
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 Web Hunt  Mary Gasch; Nerinx Hall, Webster Groves, MO
A Webbased hunt centering on nonEuropean mathematics, with links provided to the mathematical contributions of a variety of cultures. Students may submit answers to their own teachers via an onsite form.
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 WebMath: Instant Solutions to Math Problems
Instant solutions to math problems: look over the various links on the home page until you find a topic that seems to describe the math problem you're working on. Select a link then another and you will be presented with a blank form into which you can
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 Web Maths  Serge Henry
Un site pour les mathématiques scolaires, utilizant le multimédia (Flash) pour apprendre et comprendre les maths. Aussi, un forum pour poser des questions; l'aide en ligne.
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 Web of Primes  Ryan Ingram
The first twenty billion prime numbers, indexed, searchable by ordinal position, and written out in English. See also Ingram's http://cpnumbers.com/, for the first one hundred million counting numbers factored.
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 Web of Stories
Watch life stories of "people who have influenced and changed our world," such as Nobel laureates and eminent scientists  or record your own stories. Video biographies available through the Web of Stories' flagship channel "Lives" include mathematician
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 The Web Page Dedicated to Pi  Paul Johns
Information on pi, 120,000 digits of pi, pi jokes and poems, a pi club, message board, facts and records, links to other pi sites, and more.
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 WebTeacher  National Cable Television Association, Tech Corps
A selfpaced free internet tutorial designed for teachers and including both basic and indepth information about the World Wide Web. Email, Telnet, FTP, searching, web page design, image files, sound files, movie files, news groups, chat groups, teleconferencing,
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 Web Worksheet Wizard  High Plains Regional Technology in Education Consortium (HPRTEC)
Create a lesson, worksheet or class page on the World Wide Web with this webbased utility. Also, locate existing worksheets by keywords, dates, grade levels, or subjects such as math. Hosted by Advanced Learning Technologies in Education Consortia at
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 Weekend Projects—Picnic Geometry  Make Podcast
This video shows how to build an icosahedron out of paper plates, cups, or plastic sheeting—and pack some geometry into your next picnic! MAKE's accompanying post provides stepbystep instructions for assembling icosahedra from picnic supplies.
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 Weighing a Counterfeit Coin  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to questions about using a balance beam to find a counterfeit coin, such as "If there are twelve coins in a bag, one of which is either lighter or heavier than the others, find the fake coin in exactly 3 weighings and determine
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 Weighing the Evidence  Keith Devlin (Devlin's Angle)
Hundreds of thousands of years of evolution have equipped us with many useful mental abilities  our instinct to avoid many dangerous situations and our use of language are two obvious examples. However, evolution has not equipped us to handle statistical
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 Weighted Averages  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to questions about weighted averages, where some data have greater value than others, such as determining a final grade from three tests worth a total of 45% of the final grade, a final exam worth 25%, a project worth 15%, and three
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 Weights and Measures  National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
A virtual museum exhibit examining the role of the United States government in the development and standardization of weights and measures, in eight sections: America before standard weights and measures; Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler; The Office of Weights
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 Weird Dice (MatheMUSEments!)  Ivars Peterson (Math Muse for Kids)
In the dice game Piggy, you and your opponent take turns rolling a pair of ordinary dice. Your score is the sum of the face values of the dice, so if you roll a three and a four, you get seven points. The first player to reach 100 points wins. Suppose
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 Welcome to Steve's Blog  Steven Rasmussen
Blog of Steve Rasmussen, the CEO and President of KCP Technologies, between 20072008. Ideas, commentary, photos, and "adventures relating to mathematics education" included Rejuvenating the Mathematics Education Profession; Welcome to My Taxi Diaries
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 West Contra Costa Unified School District Mathematics Center  Kennedy High School
Common Core mathematics resources, presentations, instructional videos, lessons, mathematics applets, parent guides, and other materials developed by the Richmond (California) school district.
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 The Western Reserve Reading Project  The Ohio State University
With over four hundred pairs of twins participating in annual data collection sessions over the past ten years, the Western Reserve Reading Project (WRRP) explores how the environment affects children's ability to learn "by evaluating how genes and environmental
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 WGCUTV: The Faculty Lounge  SW Florida Public TV, Ft. Meyers/Naples, FL
Tools to help use the Internet in the classroom. Annotated lists of links: topics include: Copyright and the WWW; Distance Learning; Financial Aid and Scholarships; FTP; Gopher; Grants; Job Hunting on the Internet; Magazines, Newspapers, and 'Zines OnLine;
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 What2Learn  John Rutherford
For free, a range of fun, interactive games and puzzles. Math topics covered include algebra, times tables, fractions, decimals, percentages, ratios and probability. Feebased service includes more activities, the option for teachers to add their own
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 What Color Is My Hat?  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to questions about which person wears which hat, such as "Three students close their eyes, and the teacher puts a hat on each of their heads (hiding the other two hats)...."
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 What do we know about mathematics curricula?  Alan Schoenfeld, Journal of Mathematical Behavior
In the absence of either largescale empirical proof of success or the existence of compelling and documentable standards, there is reason to be cautious. The traditionalists are nervous for good reason. It should be noted, however, that the resistance
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 What Good is Math?  Peck, Rosser, Pifer; University of Richmond
A site designed to show middle school students how math is useful. Examples are drawn from everyday experience; topics include art, finance, grades, sports, planning a party or a trip, and cooking. Created by preservice math teachers.
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 What, How, and the Web  Cut the Knot!, Alexander Bogomolny
More on place value. "There is an obvious confusion there between two questions, what to teach and how to teach it. Does the failure of the New Math to present a specific topic necessarily imply that teaching this topic has no merit? The New Math has
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 What is a Fractal?  Alan Beck; Glyphs
The word "fractal" was coined less than twenty years ago by Benoit Mandelbrot, whose work, The Fractal Geometry of Nature, first introduced and explained concepts underlying this new vision. Mandelbrot derived the term "fractal" from the Latin verb frangere,
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 What is Mathematics?  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to questions about what mathematics is, such as "Is math a science, an art, or some other anomaly?" and "Is there a difference between arithmetic and mathematics, and what is it?" and "Is math a science or an art?"
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 What Is the Collaborative Classroom? (NCREL)  M.B. Tinzmann, B.F. Jones, T.F. Fennimore, J. Bakker, C. Fine, and J. Pierce
New learning and thinking curricula require collaboration. An article that addresses shared knowledge and authority among teachers and students; teachers as mediators; heterogeneous groupings of students; teacher and student roles; interactions; challenges
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 What Moves U Campaign  American Heart Association; National Football League (NFL)
A national campaign to inspire middle school students to become more physically active. What Moves U provides curriculumbased activity sheets that can be incorporated into lesson plans for 5 core subjects: math, science, social studies, language arts,
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 What Should I Look For in a Math Classroom?  Mathematical Sciences Education Board (MSEB)
A set of practical guidelines, with explanations of their relevance. From the Mathematical Sciences Education Board of the National Research Council.
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 What's Noteworthy on Learners, Learning & Schooling  Midcontinent Regional Educational Laboratory (McREL)
"The major challenges for educational reform today are putting the pieces together to create sustainable systemic change and scaling up systemic reform to encompass all schools, all programmatic areas, all levels of schooling and diverse social contexts."
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 What's Special About This Number?  Erich's Puzzle Palace; Erich Friedman
A list of the integers from zero to 9,999, each annotated with one significant mathematical property and colorcoordinated by that property's category.
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 What's the Problem? Geometry & Art through the Ages  Indianapolis Museum of Art
An exhibit exploring how some artists have used geometry as a creative tool. The site is divided into three topics: lines, polygons, and volume. Also provided as links from the left sidebar are a glossary and a list of references for further reading.
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 what's your favourite number?  Alex Bellos
Enter your favorite number and the reasons for your choice. Part of a research project concerning how humans relate to numbers, this international survey is being conducted by Alex Bellos, author of Alex's Adventures in Numberland and Here's Looking At
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 What Work Requires of Schools  Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS)
The Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS) was asked to examine the demands of the workplace and whether today's young people are capable of meeting those demands as they enter employment. In carrying out this charge, the Commission
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 What Works Better than Traditional Math Instruction  Alfie Kohn
Chapter 9 from Kohn's 1999 book The Schools Our Children Deserve contains the subsections "Why the Basics Just Don’t Add Up," "Math Worth Doing," and "Inventing Facts," as well as an appendix entitled "The Hard Evidence: Math Results."
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 What Works Clearinghouse
Reviews of the effectiveness of educational intervention programs, products, practices, and policies. Among other curricula, the WWC has reviewed studies of the Middle School Math Curricula interventions Cognitive Tutor, Compass Learning, Connected Mathematics
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