 Number Theory (Mathematics Archives)  University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
An extensive list of links to sites with information about number theory, classified by level and type of resource.
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 Number Theory Web  Keith Matthews, Dept of Math, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
A collection of links to online information of interest to number theorists everywhere, including number theorists' home pages and departmental listings.
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 numberworld.org  Alexander J. Yee
Yee takes mathematical constants such as pi, SQRT2, the golden ratio, e, log(2), log(10), and zeta(3) and calculates them to billions of digits. Read about and download ycruncher, his multithreaded piprogram. See also his timetable of notable large
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 The Numerical Algorithms Group (NAG)  Oxford, UK
Products and services; libraries for the solution of mathematical problems: numerical software; statistical software covering all areas of statistical computation; compilers, tools, and code coverters for developers and programmers, symbolic software
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 Numerical Analysis Digest Search Interface  Netlib
The NA Digest is a collection of articles on topics related to numerical analysis and those who practice it. All issues are indexed using Glimpse. To execute a search, enter a phrase or word into the form and choose the appropriate settings for your query.
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 Numerical Analysis  Math Forum
Links to some of the best Internet resources for numerical analysis: Web sites, software, Internet projects, publications, and public forums for discussion.
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 Numerical Methods  Douglas N. Arnold; Mathematics Dept., Penn State University
An extensive list of centers (including online services and search engines), individual libraries, other sites (general and specific), journals, books, online publications, and other resources for numerical methods.
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 Numerical Problems (Algorithm Design Manual)  Steven S. Skiena
A chapter from the Algorithm Design Manual, by Steven S. Skiena. Specific algorithms: Solving Linear Equations; Bandwidth Reduction; Matrix Multiplication; Determinants and Permanents; Constrained and Unconstrained Optimization; Linear Programming; Random
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 Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing  Books OnLine  Press, Teukolsky, Vetterling, Flannery; Cambridge University Press
An online book available in Adobe Acrobat or PostScript formats that outlines the method of organizing a program, and then provides the methodology and (copyrighted) source code in the C programming language for: linear algebraic equations, interpolation
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 Numerical Relativity Group  Penn State University
A group established to promote interaction between students, postdocs and faculty interested in the computational aspects of General Relativity and its applications to Cosmology and Astrophysics. The group members are affiliated with the Departments
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 Numericana.com  Gérard P. Michon
The online companion of Numericana, this site contains excerpts from Michon's book, including the entire glossary of scientific terms. Browse an index with pithy summaries, browse by popularity, or search nearly two hundred of his "final answers" of readers'
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 Numeritek  E. F. Toro
Home of Numerica, a library of source codes for solving hyperbolic partial differential equations using a broad range of modern, highresolution shockcapturing conservative and nonconservative numerical methods. Most of the programs are based on upwind
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 nUniform Tilings  Brian Galebach
Illustrates the edgetoedge tilings of regular polygons having n transitivity classes of vertices for 1<=n<=6. Prior to my doing so, no enumeration had ever been completed of the nuniform tilings for any n>3.
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 NuPrl Proof Development System  Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
A tacticbased proof assistant developed over the last 15 years at Cornell University. Its features include: very expressive logical language based on MartinLof type theory, extensive library of formal mathematics and automata theory, possibility of
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 OA Operator Algebras (Front for the Mathematics ArXiv)  Univ. of California, Davis
Operator Algebra preprints, from the U.C. Davis front end for the xxx.lanl.gov ePrint archive, a major site for mathematics preprints that has incorporated many formerly independent specialist archives. Search by keyword or browse by topic.
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 The ObjectOriented Numerics Page  Todd Veldhuizen
Mailing lists; Free libraries of software for linear algebra, arrays and images, neural networks and genetic algorithms, multiprecision/exended exponent data types, differential equations, automatic differentiation and interval arithmetic, visualization,
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 Observer Mechanics: a Formal Theory of Perception  Bennett, Hoffman, Prakash
Full book online in pdf format. An inquiry into the subject of perception, the book suggests an approach to the study of perception that attempts to be both rigorous and general. The authors also attempt to introduce a new formalism, including mathematical
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 Occam Press  Peter Schorer
"The skeptical mathematician is invited to improve upon the current implementations of the 3x + 1 strategy...." In addition to the Collatz conjecture, Schorer offers a simple proof of Fermat's Last Theorem, articles on Occam's Razor and programming,
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 OC Optimization and Control (Front for the Mathematics ArXiv)  Univ. of California, Davis
Optimization and Control preprints, from the U.C. Davis front end for the xxx.lanl.gov ePrint archive, a major site for mathematics preprints that has incorporated many formerly independent specialist archives. Search by keyword or browse by topic.
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 OER Commons  Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management in Education
An open learning network for teachers and professors to access their colleagues' course materials, share their own, and collaborate. The Open Educational Resources site features tags, ratings, comments, reviews, and social networking functions, as well
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 Office for National Statistics  Government Statistical Service, United Kingdom
The United Kingdom agency that coordinates national statistics. Tables of key social, economic, and environmental data, press releases, catalogue of publications, articles, and a newsletter. Information about the British census, including articles in
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 Ohio Literacy Resource Center  Kent State University
The Ohio Literacy Resource Center provides support, training and resources for the people who work in and attend classes at adult and family literacy programs. The OLRC also works with GED graduates who are attending Kent State University. The site offers
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 Oliver Knill
Research, teaching, and media by this preceptor in Harvard's math department. Knill began in dynamical systems, tackling first ergodic and spectral theoretical questions, then probability theory and elementary number theory. This led to his "passion for
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 OMatrix  Harmonic Software, Inc.
An interactive analysis and visualization program for Windows. Provides extensive analysis and graphic capabilities, an integrated debugger, a profiler, a fullscreen editor and a matrixoriented interpreted language, with analysis functions in the following
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 On Deciding Whether a Surface is Parabolic or Hyperbolic [PDF]  Peter G. Doyle
An application of Rayleigh's method to the classical type problem for Riemann surfaces, which is really just the same random walk problem, only instead of walking around on an infinite graph the walker is diffusing around on a surface. The aim will be
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 Online Ag Advisor  Royal Bank of Canada
An interactive tool designed to assist farm managers in assessing the strength of their management position. Based on the techniques of Dr. David Kohl, this tool will analyze responses from several key areas and provide recommendations and benchmark analysis.
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 Online Gröbner Basis Calculations  Michael McGettrick, National University of Ireland
Enter generating polynomials for the ideal I to calculate its Gröbner basis, minimal Gröbner basis, or reduced Gröbner basis, which can be used for finding the solution to simultaneous polynomial equations and for determining the existence
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 Online journal publication: two views from the electronic trenches  Jonathan Borwein (CECM), Richard Smith (CPROST)
A report on the experiences of two sets of scholarly publications, the Canadian Mathematical Society and the Canadian Journal of Communication, during their adoption and deployment of new electronic media, drawing on the authors' firsthand experience
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 Online Ordering and Customer Service Center (AMS)  American Mathematical Society
The AMS Bookstore  a searchable catalog of over 2500 books, videos, journals, software and gift items from the AMS and participating publishers; also MathSciNet and TeX Resources; other special orders (featuring the MathDoc Document Delivery Service
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 On Randall Sundrum Model brane detuning and hyperspace drives  Doctor Paul Karl Hoiland
By invoking known constraints on Brane Models in general that follow current Standard Model requirements of Supersymmetry I will show that some of the more recent modification to the RandallSundrum Model do not actual predict the ability to exist off
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 Ontario Research Centre for Computer Algebra
ORCCA performs fundamental research and development in mathematical software, focusing on computer algebra. The Centre was founded in 1999 with the support of government and private sector sources. Faculty from the University of Waterloo and the University
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 On the Area of the Mandelbrot Set (The Geometry Junkyard)  David Eppstein, Theory Group, ICS, UC Irvine
One can upper bound this area by filling the area around the set by disks, or lower bound it by counting pixels; strangely, Stan Isaacs notes, these two methods do not seem to give the same answer. From the newsgroup alt.fractals.
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 On the Bass Note of a Schottky Group [PDF]  Peter G. Doyle
Using a classical method from physics called Rayleigh's cutting method, Doyle proves the conjecture of Phillips and Sarnak that there is a universal lower bound L2 > 0 for the lowest eigenvalue of the quotient manifold of a classical Schottky group,
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 On the Evolution of Islands  Doyle, Mallows, Orlitsky, Shepp
On islands and seas: an island is a maximal set of adjacent marked cells in a ring or row; a sea is a maximal set of adjacent unmarked cells. An inductive proof and a countingargument proof. A paper that appeared in the Israel Journal of Mathematics.
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 On the Puzzles with polyhedra and numbers  Jorge Rezende
Several articles in PDF format, with related links: one on a set of didactic puzzles published by the Portuguese Mathematical Society (SPM); "Jogos com poliedros e permutações", an article in Portuguese describing puzzles with polyhedra
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 Open Directory  Science: Math  Netscape
A comprehensive directory of math sites on the Web, listing links of mathematical interest by general topics, math topic, and site name.
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 Open Directory  Science:Math:Statistics  Netscape
A comprehensive directory of statistics sites on the Web, listing links of statistical interest by general topics, statistics topic, and site name.
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 Open Discrete Dynamic Programming Template (OpenDDPT)  Centi Riccardo
OpenDiscreteDynamicProgrammingTemplate : founds optimal constrainted parameters of a discrete controls with second order optimization template replacing Hessian with directional derivatives and backpropagation for digital filter (as neural network).
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 OpenFVM CFD solver
OpenFVM is a general CFD solver released under the GPL license. It was
developed to simulate the flow in complex 3D geometries. Therefore, the
mesh can be unstructured and contain control volumes with arbritrary shape.
The code uses the finite volume
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 OpenMath
A language for communicating mathematical data between computer programs. Its purpose is to enhance different programs capable of handling mathematical data, such as symbolic algebra packages, typesetters, Web browsers, and the like, by providing a basis
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 OpenMath  The OpenMath Society
An extensible standard for representing mathematical objects with their semantics, allowing them to be exchanged between computer programs, stored in databases, or published on the web. Intended for those working with mathematics on computers, for those
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 OPenn  University of Pennsylvania Libraries
Highresolution archival images of manuscripts from the University of Pennsylvania Libraries and other institutions, along with machinereadable descriptions and technical metadata. Digitized cultural heritage materials on mathematics include "Treatise
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 Open Problem Garden  Matt DeVos and Robert Šámal
A collection of unsolved problems  mainly, graph theory, combinatorics, and number theory. A wiki for each open problem includes relevant bibliographical citations, importance rating, and recommendation for undergraduates. Navigate by math subject,
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 Open Problems in Dynamical Systems & Ergodic Theory  Sergiy Kolyada
This collection of problems originated in the Katsiveli2000 Open Problems Session (Chairman  Benjamin Weiss). New problems are being added. Copies of the page are also at http://iml.univmrs.fr:80/~kolyada/opds/ and http://www.math.iupui.edu/~mmisiure/open/.
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 Open Problems  Jeff Erickson
Open problems, mostly in geometry, including folding, combinatorial, and algorithmic problems. Contents include: Existence Problems: Does Object X exist?
Combinatorial Problems: How complex is Object X? Algorithmic Problems: How fast can Problem X be
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 Open Problems (The Geometry Junkyard)  David Eppstein, Theory Group, ICS, UC Irvine
An extensive annotated list of links to material on open problems in geometry: antipodes; bounded degree triangulation; centers of maximum matchings; chromatic number of the plane; combinatorial complexity of spheres; covering points by rectangles; cube
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 Open Source Mathematics  David Joyner
An index of open source math software, texts, and papers.
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 OpenStat4 (OS4)  Bill Miller
A statistics package offering descriptive statistics such as central tendency and variability indexes, xy plots, and frequency distributions; Pearson productmoment correlations and partial correlations; analyses of variance including 1, 2 and 3way
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 Opera Mathematica  Elsevier BV
François Viète's collected works, digitized by Elsevier, show how mathematicians used their books in the past: by writing directly on them as they worked through their questions. Viète, an innovator in the standardization of algebra,
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 Operational Research Society
Operational Research (OR) or Operations Research or Management Science (OR/MS) looks at an organisation's operations and uses mathematical or computer models, or other analytical approaches, to find better ways of doing them. The OR Society, with members
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