Math Forum - Problems Library - Primary, Logical Reasoning

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operations with numbers
number theory
algebraic thinking
data analysis
logical reasoning

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About the
PoW Library

Logical Reasoning
These problems help students to think in a logical and organized fashion in order to reach a conclusion.

Related Resources
Interactive resources from our Math Tools project:
   Math 1
NCTM Standards:
   Data Analysis and Probability Standard for Grades Pre-K-3

Access to these problems requires a Membership.

Batter Up! -
Grade 2. Use clues to figure out the correct batting order for a baseball team. ... more>>

Counting Comics -
Grade 1. How many comic books does Sondra have? ... more>>

How Many Berries Did I Eat? -
Grade 1. Reason about whether I ate more blueberries or raspberries. ... more>>

Lining Up for Lunch -
Grade 1. How will four children line up to go to lunch? ... more>>

Model Car Collection -
Grade 1. Help Jackson to arrange his model cars on a shelf. ... more>>

Playing Cards -
Grade K. Figure out how many cards are being held through number clues. ... more>>

Pretzel Riddle -
Grade K. Determine the number of pretzels in a lunchbox. ... more>>

The Arm-Wrestling Match -
Grade 2. How many arm-wrestling matches will take place in a contest between six friends? ... more>>

The Sandwich Choice -
Grade 1. Figure out which kind of sandwich two friends will choose at the store. ... more>>

The Van Ride -
Grade 1. Help four friends decide where to sit in a new van. ... more>>

Time for Ice Cream! -
Grade K. Figure out which of three ice cream treats Chen prefers. ... more>>

What Do I Have in My Bag? -
Grade 1. Use the clues to determine what the mystery shape is. ... more>>

Yoli's Lollipops -
Grade K. Try to guess which color lollipop Yoli will get. ... more>>

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The Math Forum is a research and educational enterprise of the Drexel University School of Education.The Math Forum is a research and educational enterprise of the Drexel University School of Education.