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  All Sites - 2073 items found, showing 1401 to 1450

  1. Overcoming Greatness: The Decline and Recovery of British Mathematics in the Post-Newton Era - Robert Bruen; Harvard University
    An historical essay on Newton and Leibniz, British Progress, European Progress, and the story of the overthrow of Newton's notation at Cambridge. Includes a bibliography. ...more>>

  2. An overview of Babylonian mathematics - MacTutor Math History Archives
    Linked essay exploring the arithmetic and geometry of the Babylonians, who lived in Mesopotamia, a fertile plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Babylonian civilization replaced the Sumerian civilisation and the Akkadian civilisation; this ...more>>

  3. An overview of Egyptian mathematics - MacTutor Math History Archives
    Linked essay on the development of the Egyptian number systems, and the arithmetical methods they devised to work with their numerals. With references and other related web sites. ...more>>

  4. An Overview of IMP Years 1 and 2 - Kim Mackey
    An in-depth review of the Interactive Mathematics Program (IMP) by a teacher. Contents include: Introduction: Why be concerned about IMP? Brief Synopsis of Year 1 and Year 2 of the IMP curriculum; A more in-depth look at Year 2 IMP unit "Solve it!"; A ...more>>

  5. An overview of Indian mathematics - MacTutor Math History Archives
    Linked essay on the contributions of Indian mathematics, in particular the number system invented by the Indians, on which much of mathematical development has rested. With references and other related web sites. ...more>>

  6. Overview of the History of Mathematics - MacTutor Math History Archives
    Linked overview from the Babylonians through topics from the twentieth century, with additional sections on notation and communication, brilliant discoveries, how we view history, and a challenge, as well as a 700-item general bibliography. ...more>>

  7. Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences (PIMS)
    A networked institute based in Alberta and British Columbia, Canada. Primarily dedicated to the support and advancement of mathematical science in Western Canada and the Pacific Rim, it maintains physical offices at the Universities of Alberta, British ...more>>

  8. Pairing Like Students for Perseverance in Problem Solving - Marie Hogan
    Article about how one particular duo of eighth grade Pre-Algebra students, paired by ability level, overcame a contentious start to work together and "reach new heights of problem-solving proficiency." Originally published in the March, 2013, issue of ...more>>

  9. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) - The Palestinian National Authority
    The agency that collects official statistics for Palestine. Tables of key social, economic and demographic statistics are online; some are available for download, or are linked to methodological information. Site also includes census information, list ...more>>

  10. Palindromic Primes - Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
    Palindromic primes are whole numbers, evenly divisible only by themselves and 1, that also have the same sequence of digits read forward or backward... The current record for the largest known palindromic prime is held by Harvey Dubner, a retired electrical ...more>>

  11. Panitz cooperative learning and WAC web page and much more - Ted Panitz, Cape Cod Community College
    Workshops, articles, and other resources on cooperative learning and pedagogy. ...more>>

  12. Papers - A. R. D. Mathias
    Downloadable papers in DVI PostScript format: a piece on Bourbaki; a piece on Stalin; a long piece on Mac Lane set theory; a short piece on Zermelo set theory; a recent piece on Strong Statements of Analysis; and three other papers, appdyn97, delays97 ...more>>

  13. Papers by Dr. Bert K. Waits - Dr. Bert K. Waits
    In PDF format, essays include "The Role of Hand-Held Computer Symbolic Algebra in Mathematics Education in the Twenty-First Century: A Call for Action!"; "The Role of Graphing Calculators in Mathematics Reform"; "The Evolution of Instructional Use of ...more>>

  14. Papers - Chaim Goodman-Strauss, Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of Arkansas
    On Composite Twisted Unknots; Matching Rules and Substitution Tilings; Aperiodic Hierarchical Tilings; Bounding the Results of Arithmetic Operations on Random Variables with Unknown Dependency; A Small Set of Planar Aperiodic Tiles; A Pair of Aperiodic ...more>>

  15. Papers On-line: Advanced Chaos - The Chaos Group, Univ. of Maryland at College Park
    An online collection of published articles and preprints on advanced chaos theory, covering the topics of: Control and Targeting, Dimensions, Fractal Basin Boundaries, General Chaos, Quantum Chaos, Riddled Basins, and Shadowing. ...more>>

  16. Papers on Riemannian Geometry - Alan Weinstein
    Papers written by graduate students in the course Math 240, Riemannian Geometry, in the Spring Semester of 1995 at the Univ. of California at Berkeley. Each paper is either a survey of an area or a tutorial essay in a topic related to riemannian geometry. ...more>>

  17. Paradox (Encarta Encyclopedia 2000) - Microsoft Encarta Online
    Paradox, in logic and mathematics, an apparently contradictory conclusion that is derived from what seem to be valid premises. ...more>>

  18. Parallel Coordinates - Alfred Inselberg
    Download articles, read a course syllabus, and see images about a method for visualizing multi-dimensional spaces with industry applications that have included visual and automatic (classification) data mining, optimization, GIS, process control, decision ...more>>

  19. Partial Differential Equations - Dave Rusin; The Mathematical Atlas
    A short article designed to provide an introduction to partial differential equations. Like ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations are equations to be solved in which the unknown element is a function, but in PDEs the function ...more>>

  20. Party Games - Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
    You're one of six people at a dinner party. You would undoubtedly find that the dinner party includes either a group of at least three people who all know one another or a group of at least three people who don't know one another. The reason for this ...more>>

  21. Pascal's Fractals - Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
    It's possible to convert Pascal's triangle into eye-catching geometric forms. For example, one can replace the odd coefficients with 1 and even coefficients with 0. Continuing the pattern for many rows reveals an ever-enlarging host of triangles, of varying ...more>>

  22. A Passion for Pi - Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
    Some of you may be familiar with the sentence: How I want a drink, alcoholic of course, after the heavy lectures involving quantum mechanics! The number of letters in each word represents successive digits of pi: 3.14159265358979. How Simon Plouffe memorized ...more>>

  23. Pathways to School Improvement - North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL)
    A Web site that addresses school improvement issues about students, educators, content, methods, and the environment. Practical, action-oriented summaries of best practice and research, descriptions of schools that have successfully addressed issues, ...more>>

  24. PAT Online: Reports from the Practical Algebra Tutor Project - PACT Center, Carnegie Mellon University
    An intelligent tutoring system, a sort of modified spreadsheet system, based on a theory of cognition developed by John Anderson and the NCTM standards. Try it out online, or: read articles about education, technology, and computer science; explore background ...more>>

  25. Pattern Recognition Student Projects, 1997 - Godfried Toussaint, McGill University
    A variety of student projects: papers presented on the Web, many with Java applets. Topics include: Skeletonization Algorithm of Hilditch; Alpha Shapes; Didier K-Means Algorithm; The MIT Reading Machine for the Blind; Distance Transforms; Midpoint Smoothing; ...more>>

  26. Patterns of physical change - Phil Henshaw
    Focuses on the use of tools such as derivative reconstruction (DR) to measure growth and changes in a system. Includes: a short paper "Is the basis of change evolutionary?"; a description of the theory of derivative reconstruction as a method of analyzing ...more>>

  27. Pat Thompson's Home Page - Patrick W. Thompson
    Research on students' development of algebra and calculus ideas in grades 3-16, on the nature of multiplicative reasoning and its role in learning sophisticated mathematical ideas, and on teaching and learning statistical and probabilistic reasoning. ...more>>

  28. Paul Erdos: An Infinity of Problems - Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
    Paul Erdos died of a heart attack on Sept. 20 [1996] at the age of 83. Considered by many as one of the great mathematicians of this century and certainly one of the most prolific ever, he will be missed. For more than 50 years, Erdos wandered the globe ...more>>

  29. Paul Nevai
    Paul Nevai researches orthogonal polynomials and approximation theory. Many of his articles are available here in .dvi format or as html documents. ...more>>

  30. Paul Trow's Math Page - Paul Trow
    Trow's interactive web pages and perl software let you graph the Lotka-Voltera equations and see interconnected predator and prey populations plotted over time; model the trajectory of a cannonball for different muzzle velocities and angles of elevation, ...more>>

  31. PBS Mathline: Math at the Movies
    Math concepts, challenges, and more, from the movies. For kids: solve puzzles from the movies; explore movie math concepts; and learn about a movie career involving math. Teachers, there are teaching and assessment tips here as well, not directly connected ...more>>

  32. Peanut Software for Windows - Rick Parris
    Abstracts and links for downloading free mathematics software: Wingeom (high-precision geometric constructions); Winplot (general-purpose plotting utility); Winstats (scatter plots, curve fitting, histograms, statistical data, and standard theoretical ...more>>

  33. Pedagogy Articles - Schiller
    Translations of papers by G.W. Leibniz on the catenary (or funicular curve) and by Gauss on the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra. ...more>>

  34. Pell's equation - MacTutor Math History Archives
    Linked essay on the indeterminate quadratic equation. With references and other related web sites. ...more>>

  35. Pennies in a Tray - Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
    What's the largest number of pennies that you can pack inside a circular tray to form a carpet of nonoverlapping coins? What about inside a square or triangular tray? What if you could expand or contract the size of all your pennies to fit a required ...more>>

  36. A Penny Surprise - Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
    Flipping a coin in the air, catching it, then determining whether it has come up heads or tails is to many people a prototypical random process. In some sense, however, coin tossing isn't really random at all. A mechanical gadget can flip a properly positioned ...more>>

  37. Pens and Crystals (Math Chat) - Frank Morgan, MAA Online
    Answering the challenge: How should you fence in two adjacent rectangular pens of given areas A, B with the least amount of fencing (including the fencing separating them)? Ms. Mattuck's 8th graders at the Richmond School use the Geometer's Sketchpad ...more>>

  38. Pentium Bug Revisited - Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
    The incident that triggered a barrage of ridicule occurred in the fall of 1994, a few months after Intel had introduced its Pentium microprocessor. The furor started with an e-mail message from Thomas R. Nicely, a mathematician at Lynchburg College in ...more>>

  39. A Perfect Collaboration - Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
    Euclid and Euler seem an unlikely pairing. One was the most prominent mathematician of antiquity, best known for his treatise on geometry, the Elements. The other was the most prolific mathematician in history, the man whom his 18-century contemporaries ...more>>

  40. Perfect Numbers - MacTutor Math History Archives
    Linked essay describing the work on perfect numbers from Pythagoras through Euclid, Nicomachus, the Arabs, Cataldi, Descartes, Mersenne, Fermat, Euler, Barlow, Catalan, Cole, and others; with other web sites and 20 references (books/articles). ...more>>

  41. Performance Evaluation - Keith Devlin (Devlin's Angle)
    "Dear Professor G,..." A critique of current professorial evaluation schemes in the college/university setting. ...more>>

  42. Periodic Points of Quadratic Polynomials - Cut the Knot!, Alexander Bogomolny
    The main purpose of the Mandelbrot set is to index Julia sets corresponding to various values of the parameter c... iterations inside M evolve differently depending on the value of c. (You may explore some iterations via the applet supplied.) An interactive ...more>>

  43. The perplexing mathematics of presidential elections - Keith Devlin (Devlin's Angle)
    It's not the idea of one person one vote that's the problem, it's that math that is used to turn those votes into a final decision. Ideally, that math should reflect the wishes of the electorate. But does it? The answer usually comes as a surprise to ...more>>

  44. Pete Casazza
    Articles by this University of Missouri professor, some of them scanned from journals, include "A Mathematician's Survival Guide," "Classes of Finite Equal Norm Parseval Frames," "Dear Pythagoras: See What You Started," "Equivalents of the Kadison-Singer ...more>>

  45. Pete L. Clark
    Course notes, open problems, publications and preprints by Clark, who teaches at the University of Georgia, and does research primarily in number theory and arithmetic geometry. See, in particular, Clark's freely downloadable PDF expositions on commutative ...more>>

  46. Peter Doyle - Mathematics, Univ. of California at San Diego
    Advanced tutorials, proofs and papers, mostly statistics, probability, geometry, and graph theory, but with examples from other mathematics areas as well. Don't miss Dr. Doyle's Flip Flops. ...more>>

  47. Peter J. Lu - Department of Physics, Harvard University
    Lu's mathematical and historical research has revealed new insights in medieval Islamic quasicrystalline tilings and the earliest machines, such as the one he suggests precisely interconverted the linear and rotational motion responsible for the distinctive ...more>>

  48. peterlu.org - Peter Lu
    Publications and research into medieval Islamic geometry (e.g., decagonal and quasicrystalline tilings in its architecture), soft-matter and colloid physics, high-performance imaging, ancient Chinese technology (e.g., first use of diamond, early precision ...more>>

  49. Peter Olver's Home Page - Peter Olver
    Publications, seminar and conference talks, and more resources from the Head of the University of Minnesota's School of Mathematics. Download notes of Olver's lectures on applied mathematics, numerical analysis, orthogonal bases and the QR algorithm, ...more>>

  50. Petits Textes sur l'éducation - Laurent Lafforgue
    Essais écrit par le laureat de la medaille Fields 2002, incluent "De l'école et de ce qui fonde la valeur de la culture et du savoir" et "De la culture générale des futurs instituteurs et professeurs" et "Les mathématiques ...more>>

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