 The Number Years  Libicki, Quinn
A concept originally created by Eric Libicki as a classroom activity to bring a sense of fun to learning the history of mathematics, now in the game show format presented here. Several online versions are available, and users will be able to craft their
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 Numenko  Tom Lennett
An arithmetic crosswordlike game "invented by a father to help his daughter with her maths." Players alternate laying down tiles marked with numbers and operations to form horizontal or vertical number sentences; the resulting sum, difference, product,
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 Numeracy Games  James Barrett
Flash games in number facts (including funky mummy and brilliant beadstring), counting (funny fingers and duck shoot), bridging through 10 (techno tortoise and +/ number lines), time (hickory dickory and fairy clock), shape and measures (shifting shapes),
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 Numeracy Hour Activities  Ambleside Primary School on the Web
Games designed by or with children, and interactive teaching programs to download. Games and activities include Amblegraph (create simple bar charts online); Online Calculator; Analogue Clock (a time teaching tool); Table Trees (multiplication tables);
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 On Beyond Newton: from Simple Rules to Stability, Fluctuation, and Chaos (Serendip: Complex Systems)  Bryn Mawr College
An interactive exhibit on homeostasis/autonomy/chaos centered around population dynamics. The phenomenon of rules giving rise to not only order but also disorder, and, beyond that, to previously unknown forms of order, is the terrain currently being explored
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 online intervention.com  Pearson Education
onlineintervention.com assesses students' performance in specific skills and prescribes customized intervention activities, automatically generating summary reports for both teachers and students. Register to take online quizzes, play games, and use learning
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 Optical Illusions (SandlotScience.com)  SandlotScience
Interactive explorations of optical effects, illusions, distortions, animations, artwork, stories, PDF projects, games, and more. Impossible objects include columns, an endless staircase and animated stairs, Java triangle models, an interlaced tribar,
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 Orbifold Pinball  Yevgeniy Dodis; The Geometry Center
A game in which you roll a ball on an unusual playing field. The game board is like ordinary pinball in that it features 'bumpers' off which the ball can bounce. But in this game, the board is 'curved' in such a way that a ball barely missing the bumper
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 Origami Snowflake Game  Rick Nordal
Origami designs to fold from a "snowflake" base — a square of 32 identical 45°45°90° triangles. Topics from Nordal's sixteen chapters include "Base fold geometric snowflakes," "Lightning folds," "How to fold 3 geometric snowflake shapes,"
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 Oware! 'The National Game of Africa'  Sapient Software
Oware is an winning numbers game, learned in a few minutes, that may take years to master. Downloadable freeware version, for Windows. Oware is more commonly called Wari in much of West Africa and where it is played in the New World. It is one of a large
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 Paper Pool (SMILE)  Barbara Williams, Cook Elementary School
A lesson designed to teach students to recognize rectangles whose sides have the same ratio; use the concept of common factor to find rectangles with the smallest
area having a given ratio of sides; practice organizing data and looking for patterns;
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 Pat Kenschaft's Home Page  Patricia Clark Kenschaft, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Montclair State University
From the host of the weekly callin talk radio show, Math Medley (19982004): links to her books, such as Mathematics for Human Suvival, Winning Women into Mathematics, and Math Power: How to Help Your Child Love Math Even If You Don't, the first book
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 The Paul Godding Maths Roadshow  Godding
School visits by the UK's "Puzzle Man" feature numberrelated board games, card games, tricky puzzles, and other math activities that involve logic, strategy, and spatial/visual awareness to improve children's mental arithmetic skills and feed their enthusiasm
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 Pauly's Playhouse.com  Paul Limmer
Games, tutorials, and cartoons starring animated cartoon figures. Math concepts include counting, adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, identifying shapes, and matching shapes. All require Shockwave.
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 PAX Puzzle  PAX Puzzle
Wooden puzzles, rope puzzles, puzzles boxes, and board games for sale. Recommendations and gift sets available.
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 Peanut Software for Windows  Rick Parris
Abstracts and links for downloading free mathematics software: Wingeom (highprecision geometric constructions); Winplot (generalpurpose plotting utility); Winstats (scatter plots, curve fitting, histograms, statistical data, and standard theoretical
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 The Pentagon Universe (Penrose tiles and more)  Kadon Enterprises, Inc.
Manipulatives based on Penrose tiles, golden triangles and other tilings based on the golden ratio.
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 Pentangle  U.K.
To buy: wooden, mechanical, interlocking, mathematical and logical thinking puzzles; brainteasers, games, toys, gifts, threedimensional puzzles, promotional items, and collectors' puzzles,
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 Perfection  Greg Lobanov
This mobile game for iPhone and Android handheld devices presents convex and concave polygonal shapes for players to cut into the outlines indicated. Available directly from the iTunes app store and Google Play.
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 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
An independent, nonprofit, scientific research organization working to advance our understanding of physical laws and develop new ideas about the essence of space, time, matter, and information. Located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Perimeter also provides
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 Permadi.com  F. Permadi
Java and Flash applets: logic games, drawing and patternmaking programs, Conway's Life, and more arcadestyle offerings. Also includes tutorials in using Flash and a graphics gallery.
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 PhotoMath  Martha Jean Barrett; Kodak
A project where students created their own mathematical board games for use with younger or less advanced students, for grades 48. Working in teams, advanced students covered seven math categories: whole numbers, decimals, fractions, measurement, geometry,
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 Pico Firme Bago  Evan M. Fuchs
A Flashbased logic/deduction game, similar to Mastermind. Originally created as an online version of a game used in the author's 5th grade class.
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 PI Team Chess Game
A multiple player chess game. PI Team Chess builds strong problem solving,
critical thinking, math and teamwork skills. Site includes chess lesson plans, scholastic research on chess, and problem solving activities.
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 Plastelina Logic Games  Plastelina
Free Flash games include classic constrained "crossing" problems, such as the puzzle of ferrying a wolf, a sheep, and a head of cabbage across a river in a boat that only holds any two of them at once, without leaving the wolf and sheep alone in each
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 Playing with RuthAaron Pairs  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
On April 8, 1974, Henry (Hank) Aaron hit his 715th major league home run, surpassing the previous mark of 714 career home runs long held by baseball great Babe Ruth. Understandably, the event received considerable coverage in newspapers and magazines
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 Polyominoes  Cynthia Lanius
What do dominoes and Tetris have in common? Both games use pieces that are formed of squares placed side by side. Dominoes use 2 squares; Tetris pieces (or tetrominoes) use 4 squares. Mathematician Solomon Golomb, in a 1953 talk at the Harvard Mathematics
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 PowerPoint Tools  Don Link
Don Link, a sixth grade math teacher at Indian Creek School (Crownsville, Maryland), shares these PowerPoint files that he has developed and used with his students. Includes: A Geometric Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem; Exponents; Jeopardy Template;
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 Practical Money Skills for Life  VISA
For educators, parents and students to practice better money management for life. Available online or in a binder format, the free classroom curriculum consists of a teacher's guide, student worksheets and quizzes. Teacher's Guide lessons cover topics
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 Precision Mathematics, "Home of the Merbs"  Joseph Balcuk, Precision Mathematics
Site for "The Spoils of Civilization", a game students can play through the entire school year. Students are required to compete in class and work together to build a civilization for the main characters, Merbs. Students can also use the online game forum
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 Prime Hunter Game  Benny Lam, Gameducate.com
Hunt for prime numbers (or the largest prime factor in a composite number) from a board with a random layout of digits. Free download, or shareware version available. For Windows.
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 The Prime Number Maze  William Paulsen; Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, AK
Navigate mazes of binary numbers determined by the distribution of the prime numbers. Try mazes at Beginner (binary notations and prime numbers), Intermediate (500 rooms), Advanced (5000 rooms), Super Advanced (6 times larger than the advanced), or Ultimate
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 The Prisoners' Dilemma  Brefi Group
A game to teach winwin cooperation and negotiation to teams. Purchase readymade forms and instructions for teams to play this famous trust game, based on the "Prisoners' Dilemma" in which two criminals who are arrested after a crime are immediately
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 The Prisoners' Dilemma  F. Heylighen, Principia Cybernetica Web
Cooperation in game theory: the principle of suboptimization. A game that has been and continues to be studied by people in a variety of disciplines, ranging from biology through sociology and public policy. It is a "nonzerosum" game: the best strategy
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 Prisoners' Dilemma  Wayne Davis
An interactive game simulation inspired by Prisoners' Dilemma game theory as described in the book The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins. The payoff is a reduction in prison sentencing of very good, fairly good, fairly bad or very bad, which is translated
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 Probability of Childhood Games (SMILE)  Robert Foote, Disney Magnet School
A lesson for grades 68 designed to explore the probability of several different events theoretically and experimentally using spinners and a Monopoly game board. From the Probability and Statistics section of a collection of almost 200 single concept
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 The Problem of the Knight: A Fast and Simple Algorithm  Arnd Roth
Download a Mathematica notebook that discusses different algorithms for solving the Knight's Tour problem, finding a path for the chess knight that visits every square once. For an Introduction, Implementation, and Examples, visit Roth's MaxPlanckInstitut
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 The Problem Site  Douglas Twitchell
Math puzzles, brainteasers, strategy games, web quizzes, and informational pages. Flashpowered math games include Adders, Zap (slide tiles to move digits and add up to a specified sum), Side By Side (number rearrangement), One To Ten (given four numbers,
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 Problem Solving Island  Samuel A. Rebelsky
Challenging openended word problems on the topics of games, such as Blockade, Finger Multiplication, and The Word Pyramid; puzzles such as Error Correction, Error Detection, The Fake Coin, Friday the 13th, and Leap Birthdays; and problems based on figures,
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 Profile (John H. Conway): Not Just Fun and Games  Mark Alpert, Scientific American
A short biography of the Englishborn Princeton University mathematician and a discussion of some of his major mathematical contributions. ...over the past three decades Conway has made some of his greatest contributions to mathematical theory by analyzing
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 Progetto Rhoda  Emilio Brengio
"Numeri con qualità." Software (.exe) per la didattica della matematica nella scuola elementare: problemi; operazioni; geometria; logica; procedure e verifiche; poligoni, angoli, perimetri, e aree; e giochi.
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 Prongo.com
Free online games, such as Batter's Up Baseball and Lemonade Larry, for practicing arithmetic, investing in the stock market with real time stock prices, using logic to guess a number and decipher secret codes, and more. Themes of other games include
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 Proofs Without Words  Cut the Knot!, Alexander Bogomolny
Martin Gardner wrote, "There is no more effective aid in understanding certain algebraic identities than a good diagram. One should, of course, know how to manipulate algebraic symbols to obtain proofs, but in many cases a dull proof can be supplemented
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 Puzzle Choice
A wide choice of puzzles and games for all ages, including crosswords, wordsearches, brainteasers, number puzzles (a calculator is provided), logics, teacher resources and other online games, including mazes.
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 Puzzle explorer  Wade Philpott
Links to mathematical games invented by Philpott and now for sale: Multimatch and Leap (originally Sweep).
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 Puzzlemaker  Discovery Education
A puzzle generation tool for teachers, students and parents. Create and print customized puzzles, including math squares and number blocks, online, or buy a CD with editing tools and other extras.
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Puzzles/Oneplayer Games  Jürg Nievergelt
Rubik's Cube and its variants. The 3*3*3* cube; Rubik's Revenge (4*4*4 cube); Pyramix (tetrahedron); Rubik's Clock; Rubik's Magic. Also Cryptequations, polyominoes, and links to a list of similar puzzles.
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 Puzzles, & Riddles  The Contest Center  Frank Rubin
Hundreds of puzzles and mathematical problems ranging from kindergarten through postdoctoral levels. For the easier puzzles, answers are provided on the site; names of those who submit correct solutions to harder problems are posted. See also Puzzles
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 Puzzle Up  Binary Arts Corporation
A collection of others' Java puzzles, baffler and logic questions, "for serious puzzlers," best of the week, and mazes and mysteries, each organized into the three different skill levels of young, brisk, and expert. Also, information on the company's
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 Pythagoras Plays Ball  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
Spring, baseball, statistics, math. In many ways, baseball is a numbers game: Strikeouts, home runs, batting averages, innings pitched, complete games, earned run averages, number of players left on base in scoring position in the bottom of the ninth
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