 A+ Math
A site developed to help elementary school students improve their math skills interactively, offering: educational math games (learn basic operations and geometry by playing MATHO  bingo and math combined; Hidden Picture; and Concentration), Web flash cards for practicing rounding, area, square roots, inequalities, fractions, counting money, geometric shapes; and Homework Helper, which lets you enter your addition, subtraction, multiplication or division problem and your answer, then checks to see if it's correct. Also Advanced Problems which allows you to select the kind of problem you want to practice and checks your answers.
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 AMOF: The Amazing Mathematical Object Factory  Frank Ruskey
Combinatorial objects are everywhere. How many ways are there to make change for $1 using unlimited numbers of coins of all denominations? Each way is a combinatorial object. AMOF is part encyclopedia and part calculator, a teaching tool that generates mathematical permutations for such combinatorial objects as subsets and combinations, partitions, magic squares, and Fibonacci sequences by allowing the user to define the parameters of discrete objects. The Object Factory returns a list of all objects that satisfy those parameters. The site can be used to learn more about many types of discrete mathematical structures; descriptions of objects progress in complexity for students at different levels. For more advanced materials, see the Combinatorial Object Server (COS).
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 Fibonacci Numbers and the Golden Section  Ron Knott
Information about the Fibonacci series, including a brief biography of Fibonacci, the numerical properties of the series, and the ways it is manifested in nature. Fibonacci numbers are closely related to the golden ratio (also known as the golden mean, golden number, golden section) and golden string. Includes: geometric applications of the golden ratio; Fibonacci puzzles; the Fibonacci rabbit binary sequence; the golden section in art, architecture, and music; using Fibonacci bases to represent integers; Fibonacci Forgeries (or "Fibonacci Fibs"); Lucas Numbers; a list of Fibonacci and Phi Formulae; references; and ways to use Fibonacci numbers to calculate the golden ratio.
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 Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles  Alexander Bogomolny
"The peculiar beauty of Mathematics lies in deduction, in the dependency of one fact upon another. The less expected a dependency is, the simpler the facts on which the deduction is based  the more beautiful is the result." This awardwinning site offers games and puzzles, quotes, and much more on a variety of topics from arithmetic and algebra to geometry and probability, and includes solutions and the mathematical theory behind each puzzle. There are also the CTK Exchange (a small discussion group for questions and answers about math problems); the Eye Opener Series (Java applets that illustrate and help solve or prove math problems); a math bookstore; a glossary; a monthly interactive column using Java applets for MAA Online; and the CTK Insights blog. The whole site is available on CDROM.
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 K12 Math Problems, Puzzles, Tips & Tricks  Math Forum
Links to calculation tips (Beat the Calculator, Divisibility Rules, Multiplication Tips), Math Problem sets, and math number and line puzzles.
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 K12 Teaching Materials (Mathematics Archives)  University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
An extensive list of Internet sites with significant collections of materials that can be used in the teaching of mathematics at the K12 level. Organized into categories: lesson plans, schools, software and other K12 Internet math sites.
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 Kids' Place Brain Teasers  Houghton Mifflin Company
Math puzzles for grades 34, 56, and 7+. You don't need to be a math whiz to solve them, just to be patient and find different ways of looking at things. New puzzles and the answer to the previous week's puzzles are posted each Thursday. Helpful hints and an archive are included.
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 Magic Squares: Math, History, Geography  Suzanne Alejandre
Designed primarily for middle school and older elementary school students, this Math Forum Web unit includes classroom activities for four different squares: Lo Shu, Sator, Dürer, and Franklin, three of them demonstrating increasing complexity using numbers, and one made up of letters, with number and symmetry questions and links and suggestions for history / geography / writing activities for teachers interested in interdisciplinary work. Includes directions for building magic squares, definitions, discussion of some special properties of magic squares, a Java applet, and links to other magic square Web sites.
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 Mathematical Games and Recreations  MacTutor Math History Archives
Number games, geometrical puzzles, network problems and combinatorial problems by famous mathematicians, starting around 1850 B.C. and continuing on to the present, with links to biographies of mathematicians who invented the games, pictures, and graphs. Rhind papyrus, Fibonacci, Archimedes, Dodgson, Durer, Recorde, Cardan, Lucas, Tartaglia, Bachet, Euler, and many more. 13 references.
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 Math for Morons Like Us  ThinkQuest 1998
Students talk to students about math: a site designed to help you understand math concepts better. Tutorials, sample problems, and quizzes for PreAlgebra, Algebra, Geometry, Algebra II, and PreCalc/Calculus, designed assuming you know some of the basic concepts but need reinforcement, or want to review things you learned in the past. Interactive resources include a message board, calculus board, formula database, quizzes, math links, and a place to send feedback.
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 Monthly Themes  NRICH Maths, Univ. of Cambridge
Past problems from the NRICH Online Maths Club, archived by month. Each problem has a symbol indicating the stage, which tells you how little or how much mathematics you need to know to solve the problem but is no indication of its difficulty. The five stages correspond to ages 57, 711, 1114, 1416 and 1618, and indicate that students in the UK normally meet the maths required during that key stage.
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 Problem Solving in Mathematics  Jim Wilson; Univ. of Georgia
Problems in algebra, geometry, conversion, cryptarithm, "mean," trigonometry, and a mixture of all, many with comments and solutions, from a course given in the Dept. of Mathematics Education at the University of Georgia. The site also provides links to papers, including "Mathematical Problem Solving" (Wilson, Fernandez, & Hathaway), a synthesis of research on problem solving [published as ch. 4 in Wilson, P. S. (Ed.) (1993), Research Ideas for the Classroom: High School Mathematics, New York: MacMillan].
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 The rec.puzzles Archive
The index of the rec.puzzles archive. Puzzles are categorized by subject area and include solutions compiled from various sources and supposed to be definitive. Subjects include: analysis, arithmetic, combinatorics, competition, decision, geometry, group, induction, language, logic, physics, pickover, probability, reallife, references, series, trivia.
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 Tangrams  Tom Scavo
Tangrams, a puzzle that helps develop spatialvisualization skills, may also be used to introduce or reinforce geometric concepts such as congruence, similarity, symmetry, etc. This unit for grades 4 through 6 uses tangrams to compute the area of polygons without formulas, introducing the terms congruent and similar. Contents: Constructing Your Own Set of Tangrams; The Area of Tangram Pieces; More Tangram Activities. Links to other tangram resources on the Web are also provided.
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