 Biographies Index  MacTutor Math History Archives
An index of pages on famous mathematicians throughout history, arranged alphabetically or chronologically and searchable by keyword. There is also an index of female mathematicians, and a full alphabetical index.
more>>
 Biographies of Women Mathematicians  Agnes Scott College
Biographies in alphabetical and chronological order, and related resources on the Web. An ongoing project by students in math classes at Agnes Scott College in Atlanta, Georgia, to illustrate the numerous contributions by women to the field of mathematics. Included are the first Ph.D's in mathematics awarded to women (before 1930); and prizes, awards, and honors for women mathematicians.
more>>
 Earliest Known Uses of Some of the Words of Mathematics  Jeff Miller, Gulf High School, New Port Richey, FL
An extensive list, with examples, sources, and contributors. These pages attempt to show the first uses of various words used in mathematics. Research is ongoing, and the uses cited should not be assumed to be the first uses that occurred unless it is stated that the term was introduced or coined by the mathematician named.
more>>
 Earliest Uses of Various Mathematical Symbols  Jeff Miller, Gulf High School, New Port Richey, FL
An attempt to identify the individuals who introduced various common mathematical symbols, along with the dates and name of the document in which the symbol first appeared: symbols of operation; grouping symbols; symbols of relation; fractions and decimals; constants; variables; functions; symbols used in geometry, trigonometry, calculus; set notation and logic; number theory; written sources for the pages; and contributors.
more>>
 Euclid's Elements  David Joyce; Dept. of Mathematics & Computer Science, Clark University
A version of Euclid's Elements created by David Joyce to rekindle an interest in the Elements and to show how java applets can be used to illustrate geometry and to bring the Elements alive. The text of all 13 Books is complete. Joyce writes: "...deductive logic is learned almost exclusively in geometry... Modern mathematics and science use deductive logic as a primary tool of understanding. In mathematics, especially, nothing is considered to be known until it is proved."
more>>
 Famous Problems in the History of Mathematics  Isaac Reed
History of mathematics presented through some famous problems, with exercises and solutions. The problems include The Bridges of Königsburg; The Value of Pi; Puzzling Primes; Famous Paradoxes; The Problem of Points; A Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem; and A Proof that e is Irrational. Book reviews and references are also included.
more>>
 The Galileo Project  Rice University
On the life and work of Galileo Galilei (15641642) and the science of his time. The project has a searchable database and includes an online tour of Galileo's Villa; reference materials; the Catalog of the Scientific Community of the 16th and 17th Centuries; a glossary and bibliography; maps of Galileo's world; a timeline of Galileo's life and era; and activities for students.
more>>
 History and Biography  Dave Rusin; The Mathematical Atlas
A short article designed to provide an introduction to history and biography in mathematics. The study of the history of mathematics and its proponents includes several welldeveloped parts. The development of comparatively simple mathematics (through the calculus, for example) is now well documented, principally as part of the study of the development of scientific ideas in distinct human cultures through the 18th century. The development of mathematics in the last couple
of centuries is instead more frequently studied thematically  that is, the worldwide development of algebra, or statistics, say  or through the lives of individual mathematicians. Applications and related fields and subfields; textbooks, reference works, and tutorials; software and tables; other web sites with this focus.
more>>
 A History of Mathematical Notations  Florian Cajori
"In this history it has been an aim to give not only the first appearance of a symbol and its origin, but also to indicate the competition encountered and the spread of the symbol among writers in different countries...." The first volume of Cajori's authoritative 1928 text consists of four chapters: "Numerical Symbols and Combinations of Symbols"; "Symbols in Arithmetic and Algebra"; "Topological Survey of the Use of Notations"; and "Symbols in Geometry." Illustrations include Babylonian tablets; Hieroglyphic, Heratic, and Coptic numerals; a computing table of Salamis; degenerate forms of Roman Numerals; Quipu from ancient chancay in Peru; Dresden Codex of Maya; and many more from the Greek, Hindu, Arabic, Byzantine, and Chinese civilizations.
more>>
 History of Mathematics  David Joyce; Dept. of Mathematics & Computer Science, Clark University
History sources, books and articles online. Sources by region (Babylonia, Egypt, China, Greece, India, Arab sphere, Japan, and Europe); Books and other nonweb resources (organizations, bibliography of source books, journals, bibliographies and catalogues, texts on the history of mathematics); Chronological list of mathematicians by century/decade; Timelines; Index of files.
more>>
 History of Mathematics  David R. Wilkins, Trinity College, Dublin
A directory of Web sites and pages around the world relating to the history of mathematics. Also biographies of some seventeenth and eighteenth century mathematicians, taken from A short account of the history of mathematics (4th edition, 1908) by W. W. Rouse Ball, and Mathematical papers and other material relating to certain mathematicians and philosophers, including Hamilton, Berkeley, Boole, Cantor and Newton.
more>>
 History of Mathematics (Mathematics Archives)  University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
An alphabetical list of some of the best sites for math history on the Web, part of the Math Archives' collections of Math Topics. Icons provide more information about level, interactivity of site, Java, and presence of images or links.
more>>
 History of Mathematics (MathPages)  Kevin Brown
About 40 "informal notes" by Kevin Brown on math history: Zeno and the paradox of motion, Archimedes and the square root of 3, Mayan numeration, Hipparchus on compound statements, Planck's analysis of Kaufmann's experiment, the ten means of Ancient Greece, Kepler, Napier, and the Third Law, and many more.
more>>
 Links to Web Sites on the History of Mathematics  British Society for the History of Mathematics (BSHM)
A list of Web sites containing material relevant to the study of the history of mathematics: General sites; Web resources; Biographies; Regional mathematics; Museums with mathematics exhibits; Special exhibits; Books online; Student presentations; Miscellaneous; Bibliography; Societies; and Journals.
more>>
 MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive  University of St. Andrews, Scotland
The premier site on the Web for math history. Major features include biography, history topics, and famous curves indexes; mathematicians of the day, and a site search engine. Also, birthplace maps; anniversaries for the year; chronologies; search suggestions; societies, medals and honours; an index of female mathematicians; a general bibliography; Fields Medal and Nobel Prize winners; and other Web history sources. Biographies are crossreferenced to articles on the development of mathematical ideas and MacTutor also crossreferences stacks in Calculus, Geometry, Algebra (in particular Group Theory), Graph Theory, Number Theory, History of Mathematics, Statistics, Matrices, and Complex Analysis. By John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson.
more>>
 Mathematical Constants  Steven Finch, Clay Mathematics Institute Book Fellow
"All numbers are not created equal; that certain constants appear at all and then echo throughout mathematics, in seemingly independent ways, is a source of fascination." Indulge your fascination, or discover a new one in Finch's book. This site provides errata and addenda to the book, as well sample essays from the book about integer compositions, optimal stopping and Reuleaux triangles. Here also are recent supplementary materials, organized by topic, some illustrated with Mathcad files (viewable with a free readonly version, linked from the site).
more>>
 Mathematical Quotations Server  Furman University
A searchable collection of mathematical quotations culled from many sources. Pages are listed alphabetically by author's last name. A random quotation is generated regularly or you may use the Random Quotation Generator to find your own.
more>>
 Mathematicians of the African Diaspora  Scott Williams
Web pages created to exhibit the accomplishments of the peoples of Africa and the African Diaspora within the Mathematical Sciences. Included are areas on the ancients in Africa, modern historical significance, the greatest Black mathematicians, Black research mathematicians, profiles of Black mathematicians, outside North America, special articles such as mathematicians of the last two centuries, sources/references, scholarships and fellowships, and related links.
more>>
 Mayan Math  Karen M. Strom
The Mayans devised a counting system that was able to represent very large numbers by using only 3 symbols, a dot, a bar, and a symbol for zero, or completion, usually a shell. Charts here show the number cycle, as well as principles of arithmetic.
more>>
 The Princeton Mathematics Community in the 1930s: An Oral History Project  Charles C. Gillispie, Albert W. Tucker, and William Aspray
Transcripts, with abstracts, of interviews with mathematics faculty and students at Princeton University during the 1930s, recounting that decade when Kurt Gödel studied spatially homogeneous cosmological models; Albert Einstein worked on a unified field theory; John von Neumann accepted his one and only doctoral student; Richard Feynman, Arthur Stone, Bryant Tuckerman, and John Tukey created flexagons together  all in the University's recently constructed Fine Hall.
more>>
 
