 0.9999 = 1  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
Why does 0.9999... = 1 ? An answer adapted from the sci.math FAQ.
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 1000 Lockers  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to the "locker problem": "There are 1000 lockers in a high school with 1000 students. The problem begins with the first student opening all 1000 lockers; next the second student closes lockers 2,4,6,8,10 and so on to locker 1000;
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 100th Day of School  Math Forum, Teacher2Teacher FAQ
Answers to a frequently asked question: What can I do to celebrate 100th Day?
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 The 15 Most Famous Transcendental Numbers  Cliff Pickover
Numbers like e = 2.718..., pi = 3.1415..., and 2^(sqrt 3) are transcendental. These numbers are not the solutions of polynomial expressions having rational coefficients. The digits of pi and e never end, nor has anyone detected an orderly pattern in their
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 19th Century Schoolbooks  University of Pittsburgh
Search the full text of dozens of antique books used to learn and practice arithmetic and other mathematical subjects in the schools of 1800's America. Browse scanned images (gif or PDF) of centuriesold pages, or search for text within primers, readers,
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 42eXplore  Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson
Web projects that offer definitions, activities, four good starting points, and many more links and resources for thematic topics such as charts and graphs; codes, ciphers and secret messages; fractals, tessellations, geometric shapes, and figures; number
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 5 Numbers  Simon Singh and Marcus du Sautoy, BBC Radio 4
Web pages and Real Audio Music downloads of fifteen minutelong radio broadcasts that take a "quirky look" at zero, pi, the golden ratio, i, and infinity. "Hear about the stark reality behind the imaginary number, try a slice of pi, find out about the
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 5 x 5 Magic Squares  H. B. Meyer
An interactive page dedicated to the construction of 5 x 5 magic squares. You may move the numbers manually, watch the computer slowly create a magic square, or have the computer quickly generate a magic square. Requires JavaScript.
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 Abacus in Various Number Systems  Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
A Java simulation of the traditional abacus. Allows calculations in various number systems. The base ranges from 2 to 20. The tool inforces carry helping students grasp the idea of the positional, decimal in particular, number system.
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 ABC Home Preschool  Shana Albert
Resources for homeschoolers, including Preschool Curriculum Workbooks, binders that feature a nine monthlong curriculum and "use and reuse" wipeoff pages.
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 ABCya.com  ABCya.com, L.L.C.
Free educational math games that introduce basic computer skills: Geometry Practice, Addition with Manipulatives, Subtraction Match Game, Math Facts Basketball, Interactive 100 Number Chart, Math Bingo, Place Value ShootOut, Fraction Tiles, Tower of
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 About Zero  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to questions about zero, such as whether it is even or odd, prime or composite, positive or negative, and different from nothing.
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 Addition and Multiplication Tables in Various Bases  Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
An applet that combines addition and multiplication tables for bases from 2 through 36. In every base N, there are N digits. In the decimal system, for example, we have 10 of them: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9. In base 7, there are seven digits: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6.
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 AlgebraLAB: Making Math and Science Connections  Mainland High School (Daytona Beach, FL), Georgia Southern University
Created by mathematics and science teachers, AlgebraLAB is designed to focus on topics and skills from high school mathematics that students must be able to draw upon in their introductory college science courses. AlgebraLAB focuses on lessons and practice
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 Alive Maths/Maths à Vivre  Nathalie Sinclair
Handson, interactive "microworlds," in which students investigate patterns and relationships, pose questions, play with the variables, and solve problems: Play with Lulu on a grid; practice triangle reflections; play with fractions and decimal patterns
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 A+ Math
A site developed to help elementary school students improve their math skills interactively, offering: educational math games (learn basic operations and geometry by playing MATHO  bingo and math combined; Hidden Picture; and Concentration), Web flash
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 AMATH  AMATH Systems, Inc.
Software for Building and Reinforcing Foundation Mathematics. AMATH is a simple, selfpaced, self grading, computeraided workbook created to combat the math literacy problem in the U.S. It covers 103 modules of foundation mathematics
including: arithmetic,
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 America's Favorite Number (Math Chat)  Frank Morgan, MAA Online
Math Chat invited each reader to send in a number. The most commonly submitted number, with the best explanation of why, wins. Answer: In a tight race between 7 and pi, pi wins by a single vote...
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 Animated Math Glossary  Math Advantage  Harcourt Brace School Publishers
A K8 glossary of common mathematical terms, categorized by grade. Each entry has an example, most of which are animated. An "other" section at the end of the alphabet gives tables of metric and customary measurements, time, formulas, and symbols. You
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 Appealing Numbers  Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
A short history of amicable numbers  pairs in which each number is the sum of the proper divisors of the other. The smallest such pair is 220 and 284. The number 220 is evenly divisible by 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 11, 20, 22, 44, 55, and 110, which add up to
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 Arabic Numerals (Islam and Islamic History)  Nawwab, Speers, Hoye; Arabian American Oil Co.
The system of numeration employed throughout the greater part of the world today was probably developed in India, but because it was the Arabs who transmitted it to the West, the numerals it uses have come to be called Arabic. This page shows the early
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 Arbelos Internet Math Society  Bert Liberi and William F. Widulski, Westchester Communtiy College
A mathematics society dedicated to the pursuit of elegance in problemsolving. Every month, solve challenging problems that require "more imagination than memorization." Also, access old problems and solutions; and study a list of heuristics of problemsolving,
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 Arithmagic  Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
Arthur T. Benjamin eschews the usual trappings of the magician's trade. Calling himself a mathemagician, he astonishes audiences with amazing feats of mental arithmetic. Behind the scenes, he reveals how you, too, can look like a genius without really
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 Arte Matemática  TV Cultura
Introducões, entrevistas, e programas sobre geometria, números, simetria, perspectiva, tempo, espaço, ritmo, beleza, ordem, caos, o número de ouro, Pítagoras, e mais. Com biografías curtas de autores e artistas.
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 The Bad Maths Pool  Danny Nicholson
A UK teacher trainer's Flickr photo group "for all those images of crazy special offers and examples of things that just don't add up." Pictures, which date back to August, 2010, primarily consist of retail advertisements gone wrong with bulk discounting,
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 Base Conversion Routine  David Cronin
This is a Javascript base conversion program for bases 2 through 36. The author writes: "Feel free to make use of it. It's limited only by the precision of enviroment runtime."
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 Base Converter  Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
A fairly highlevel introduction to binary and other base systems, with a Java converter and links to related pages including: arithmetic operations in various bases, algorithmic conversion procedure, linguistic fun with base 36, Napier bones, abacus,
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 The Binomial Expansion and Infinite Series  Don Cohen (The Mathman)
Pascal's triangle of numbers, although named after Pascal, was known much before his time. If there is one piece of mathematics that exhibits many patterns, this is it. There are triangular numbers and tetrahedral numbers, and even the Fibonacci numbers
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 Borrowing/Regrouping  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to questions about borrowing, regrouping, and carrying, such as "When doing subtraction problems like 10099, why do the zeros become nines?" and "When you are subtracting a fraction, do you always take one away from the whole number?"
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 Bowland Maths  Bowland Charitable Trust
Case study problems and lessons designed to develop thinking, reasoning and problem solving skills in UK math pupils ages 1114. In particular, download series of standalone assessment items that challenge students to estimate the number of descendants
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 BrainBashers  Kevin N. Stone
A collection of logic, language and math puzzles, in a choice of easy/medium/hard. Rate the puzzles; show their answers. Logic puzzles include Einstein's Puzzle. Play games of strategy, such as "Four in a Row" (also known as "Connect Four") or games based
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 A Brief History of Mechanical Calculators  James Redin
An essay on the historical evolution of calculating machines, from the abacus to Babbage's differential machine to today's computers. Contents include: the abacus; the Antikythera calculator; Napier's Bones; Leonardo da Vinci's design; Schickard’s machine;
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 BrighterDiscovery.com  KW Studios, Inc.
Products for children to "reach their full potential while having fun doing it." Browse by age (from 012 months to 8+ years) or product type, including Activity Toys, Alphabet & Numbers, Blocks & Building Sets, Games, Puzzles & Logic, and
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 Brilliant
Weekly Olympiadstyle challenges that offer "rigorous, competitive, whimsical, and edifying" problem sets in math and physics. Register to explore the Brilliant Techniques Trainer's practice exercises; answer correctly to earn points redeemable for lanyards,
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 Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
An independent policy and research center improving teaching and learning. See in particular Quantway® and Statway®, the foundation's developmental math pathways for community college.
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 Cascade Math Systems  Cascade Math Systems LLC
Narrated screencasts of a multisensory approach to reviewing or refreshing understanding of patterns, whole numbers, fractions, integers, and more. See also Cascade Math's YouTube channel.
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 Casting Out Nines  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A selection of answers to questions about casting out nines, including proofs of why the method works.
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 A Catalog of Random Bits  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
Researchers use random numbers for tackling a wide range of problems, from modeling molecular behavior and sampling opinion to solving certain equations and testing the efficiency of algorithms. Such numbers also play crucial roles in a wide variety of
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 Chinese Numbers  Erik E. Peterson
Convert arabic numerals up to 1 billion into Chinese numbers, or show the value of a Chinese number (type or paste in a number in Chinese and click "Show English." With, in addition, A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System, and links to related
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 The Civilization of the Mayans  ThinkQuest 1997
Essentially a school paper in web format, covering, briefly, Mayan art, astronomy, ballgame, books and hieroglyphics, class system, and number system, with rated related Mayan links and references, and an abouttheauthors section.
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 CMP Software  Connected Mathematics Project, Michigan State University
Downloadable software designed to accompany CMP units. For the Factor Game winning strategies involve distinguishing between numbers with many factors and numbers with few factors; students analyze game strategies and are introduced to the definitions
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 Coffee Hour Problem of the Week  Matthew McMullen
Classic and "found" problems, as well as original challenges, in number theory, logical reasoning, statistics, calculus, geometry, and algebra. McMullen has posted PDFs of the PoWs, as well as their solutions, since 2007.
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 Compvter Romanvs (Natural Math)  Edward R. Hobbs
A Roman numeral calculator. "Caesar has proclaimed Compvter Romanvs to be the official calcvlator of the Roman Empire. Yov now have at yovr disposal the latest in high technology to assist in all manner of nvmerical problems. Yes, whether yov're bvilding
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 Connected Mathematics Project (CMP)  Michigan State University
A project funded by the NSF to develop a complete mathematics curriculum for the middle grades (68), one rich in connections among the various topic strands of the subject, between mathematics and its applications in other disciplines, between the planned
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 ConquerMaths  Generic Maths, Ltd.
Fully online mathematics teaching system. 482 lessons with worksheets and
tests for ages 11 to 16. Money back guarantee offered. Also available from MathsOnlineTutor.com.
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 The Constants and Equations Pages  Jonathan Stott
A growing reference resource providing alphabetically listed categories of some of the more important and useful aspects of maths and special sections on numbers, algebra, trigonometry, integration, differentiation, and SI units and symbols, with in addition
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 Conundrum Corner  UselessKnowledge.com
Math puzzles to solve, get the answers to, or send to friends. Also, Visual puzzles, Thinking puzzles, and other conundra.
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 Count the Computer Mice  Andrew Neil Olscher
A counting 'book' for young children to practice learning to count, spell, and recognize their numbers from 110.
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 Creative Java Puzzles  J. L. Read, Enchanted Mind
Games "good for exercising both sides of the brain." Knight's Tour: pass all the squares of the board with the knight, making only legal moves. Peg Solitaire: Remove all the pegs in the least amount of time, finishing with only one peg in the target hole.
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 Cross Number Puzzles  Rainer Typke
Cross number puzzles to solve online; log in to create your own. Also known as crossfigure, figure logic, or numberlock puzzles, cross number puzzles require numbers instead of words to complete a crosswordlike grid.
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