 The Nuffield Foundation
Math teaching and learning resources include freely downloadable Freestanding Mathematics Activities (FSMAs) and Applying Mathematical Processes (AMP) activities, a mix of investigations and practical explorations. The Nuffield Foundation works to improve
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 Numbaland  Lomas, Derek; Ching, Dixie; and Sun, Jeanine
Four simple Shockwave Flash games for developing a sense of number concepts: Battleship Numberline (estimating position on the number line), Block Basher (in the style of Tetris, drop blocks of the same color to knock each other out by estimating positions
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 NumberADay  The Mathematical Association of America (MAA)
Every working day, a new positive integer, with a selection of its properties and an illustration or photograph.
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 Number Bases  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
What is base 10? Binary? Hexadecimal? How can you convert from one base to another?
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 The Number Catcher  INSERMCEA Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit
"Play. Count. Calculate." Learn basic concepts of number and arithmetic, such as concrete sets, digits, number words, base 10, and the logic of multidigit numbers. INSERMCEA Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit also created The Number Race.
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 The Number Empire  Vitalii Vanovschi
Enter a positive integer up to 10^12, press the "Go!" button, and The Number Empire states  in yes/no format  whether you entered a prime number, a Bell number, a Catalan number, or a factorial. The same single click displays the integer written out
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 Number Facts  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math Common Question
A list of sites with facts, curiosities, trivia, and other information about individual numbers.
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 Number Glossary  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
What are abundant, amicable, deficient, figurate, happy, narcissistic, palindromic, perfect, polygonal, proper divisors, semiperfect, sociable, square, tetrahedral, triangular, and weird numbers?
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 Number Guessing  Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
Think of a number and answer a few questions posed by the computer. After a while the compter will announce your number. The trick is based on a special card design whose variations appeared more than a hundred years ago.
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 Numbering Systems and Place Values  John Knoderer, The MazeMan
Primarily a page about large numbers. Topics covered include: Place Values, ones up to trillions; Place Values, tenths down to trillionths; the American Numbering System; Googol and Googolplex; and the British Numbering System.
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 Numberland  Count On
Number facts and trivia for the numbers 1100. Click on a number from a square to go to a page about that number.
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 Numberline Lane  Fiona Cartmell, Nick Reynolds, and Anthony Cartmell
A website accompanying books designed to help teaching and learning math through stories and cartoon illustrations. Meet the residents of Numberline Lane: Walter One, Suzie Two, Hebe Three, Nora Four, Clive Five, Nick Six, Kevin Seven, Katy Eight, Nigel
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 Number Patterns  Harvey Heinz
A brief description of why mathematics is often called the science of pattern followed by examples of a variety of magic squares of various types; examples of orders 5 to 12d magic stars, and selections from Heinz's collection of over 400 number patterns
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 Number Patterns in Pascal's Triangle (SMILE)  Ulysses Harrison, Dunbar Vocational High School
A lesson for grades 5 and up designed to enable students to recognize the integers, rows, and columns that comprise Pascal's Triangle. The main objective of the lesson is to enable students to reproduce the first eleven rows of Pascal's Triangle by recalling
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 Numberphile  Brady Haran
Playful primer videos "about numbers and stuff," typically less than ten minutes long. Watch mathematicians talk about Benford's Law, favourite numbers (in response to a poll conducted by Alex Bellos), spaghetti numbers, Curta calculator, vampire numbers,
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 Numbersense Games  Hassan Baajour, Research Officer
Games for practicing clock time, counting, and more, developed at the London Knowledge Lab (LKL).
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 Numbers from 1 to 10 in Over 4000 Languages  Mark Rosenfelder
Click on the map to move to the languages for that area, or select from: IndoEuropean, Dravidian, and minor European languages; AfroAsiatic, Caucasian, NiloSaharan, Kordofanian, and Khoisan languages; NigerCongo languages; Uralic, Altaic, Tai, AustroAsiatic
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 Numbers from One to ThirtyOne: A Page for Each Day of the Month  Richard Phillips, Shell Centre for Mathematical Education
Trivia about the calendar numbers one through thirtyone. Based on the book Numbers: Facts, Figures and Fiction, which answers questions such as how Room 101 got its name, what you measure in oktas, and which number links Alice in Wonderland, rainbows
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 Numbers in the World (Math Chat)  Frank Morgan, MAA Online
Select the best occurrence in the world of each number from 1 to 10. For example, 12 is the number of eggs in a dozen or the number of months in a year... with winning reponses. Also: Math Chat has received a number of mathematical jokes, most of them
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 Numbers Made Meaningful™  Naomi Halpern, TSI Productions
A collection of number literacy stories and games that gives preK children meaningful, tangible contexts to help them make sense of the abstract world of number symbols. Zero & Friends teaches children the names, personalities, values and relationships
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 Number: What Is "How Many"?  B. Sidney Smith; Math Academy Online/Platonic Realms
A "minitext" introducing fundamental concepts in elementary number theory and the foundations of mathematics. Includes discussions of basic set theory; natural numbers; integers; rational, irrational, and real numbers. Also gives a brief list of suggested
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 Number World  David Geistert
Key in any positive integer less than 10^15 and press the "Look up" button for properties about it: factorization, divisors, cross sum, equivalence in multiple bases, and more. Number World's math tools include an equation solver, an equation system solver,
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 NUMDRUM  John T. Harrison
The "Numdrum" helps children understand addition, subtraction, and other fundamental arithmetic concepts. An alternative to the number line and the 10 x 10 number square, this "decimal helical number line" lists integers around a tube, ten to a turn,
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 Numenko  Tom Lennett
An arithmetic crosswordlike game "invented by a father to help his daughter with her maths." Players alternate laying down tiles marked with numbers and operations to form horizontal or vertical number sentences; the resulting sum, difference, product,
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 Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing  Books OnLine  Press, Teukolsky, Vetterling, Flannery; Cambridge University Press
An online book available in Adobe Acrobat or PostScript formats that outlines the method of organizing a program, and then provides the methodology and (copyrighted) source code in the C programming language for: linear algebraic equations, interpolation
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 Numericana.com  Gérard P. Michon
The online companion of Numericana, this site contains excerpts from Michon's book, including the entire glossary of scientific terms. Browse an index with pithy summaries, browse by popularity, or search nearly two hundred of his "final answers" of readers'
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 Numericon  School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia (UTS)
Mostly elementary presentations of: Numbers we've all heard of; Perfect numbers; Facts about prime numbers; Australian cricket's 25 leading allrounders; Pythagorean triples; Pi in the sky; 73939133; and Fermat's Last Theorem.
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 Nummòlt  Maurici Carbó Jordi
Java applets: an area "workshop," which explains area and division by converting numbers in area units; an architect's toy blocks, with gravity; connecting and programming elementary logic (in the form of pipes with light bulbs signifying true sentences);
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 Odd Day  Ron Gordon
Mathematical observations, original musings, news coverage, and cartoons in celebration of January 3, 2005 (1/3/5), July 9, 2011 (7/9/11), and other times when three consecutive odd numbers make up the date. Gordon, retired from teaching high school in
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 Old and New Arithmetic  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
"Three merchants have invested their money in a partnership..." This problem appears in a mathematics textbook known as the Treviso Arithmetic. The original book, written in a Venetian dialect, had no formal title, and its author is unknown. Treviso is
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 OnLine Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences  The OEIS Foundation Inc.
Before publishing that new sequence you have just found, you might want to check here to see if it's already been discovered. Directions for how to look up a sequence in the table, abbreviations used, sending in a new sequence; how to look up a reference
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 Online Ideas Maths Resources  James Bancroft
Problems in Microsoft Word, HTML, and JPG, organized into general resources; addition and subtraction; multiplication and division; numbers and the number system; fractions, decimals, percentages, ratio, and proportion; real life problems; measure and
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 Online Math Applications  Leung, Jiang, Jiang, Chiu, Klopfer, Chiu; ThinkQuest Junior
Activities, examples, problems, and online quizzes about math applied to real world situations in investing (a stock market simulation game), music (classical MIDI files), history (biographies and anecdotes), science (astronomy, computers, 'math in the
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 On Roman Numerals
Learn the basics of Roman numerals and how to write them, from I (1) to M (1,000) and above. Also, submit an Arabic numeral and click to convert it into its Roman numeral equivalent; or vice versa.
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 OpenEnded Math Problems  Gwenn Holtz and Mary Lee Malen, Levering School and the Franklin Institute
An eightmonth slate of openended problems for middle school students to solve in preparation for standardized testing. The authors have composed and selected problems that lend themselves to multiple solution paths, and then organized them into three
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 ostermiller.org  Stephen Ostermiller
Converters, Calculators, and JavaScript include Multiplication Game, in which letters represent digits in a multiplication problem; Length, which converts between units of length and distance; Roman Numerals, which converts between Arabic and Roman numerals;
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 Palindromic Numbers and Other Recreational Topics  Patrick De Geest
Many odd facts about big (and little) numbers, including circular primes and palindromic triangulars, tetrahedrals, squares, cubes, and primes. Also assorted odd puzzles, etc.
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 Panamath  Panamath.org
Have you ever tried to guess how many jelly beans are in a jar without counting? The Panamath test measures your number sense  your intuitive recognition of numbers and their relationships  and approximate number system (ANS) aptitude. Practice estimating
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 Papers by Dr. Bert K. Waits  Dr. Bert K. Waits
In PDF format, essays include "The Role of HandHeld Computer Symbolic Algebra in Mathematics Education in the TwentyFirst Century: A Call for Action!"; "The Role of Graphing Calculators in Mathematics Reform"; "The Evolution of Instructional Use of
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 Papers on the History of Mathematics  Gregory Cherlin, Rutgers University
A random selection of term papers submitted in undergraduate, onesemester courses on the history of mathematics. Topics include zero, Fermat, Euler, Newton, Euclid's proof of the Pythagorean Theorem, Fibonacci, Vieta, conic sections, mathematics at Princeton
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 Pascal's Fractals  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
It's possible to convert Pascal's triangle into eyecatching geometric forms. For example, one can replace the odd coefficients with 1 and even coefficients with 0. Continuing the pattern for many rows reveals an everenlarging host of triangles, of varying
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 Pascal's Triangle and its Patterns
All kinds of information about Pascal's triangle: sums of the rows; prime numbers; hockey stick pattern; magic 11's; Fibonacci sequence; triangular numbers; square numbers; polygonal numbers; points on a circle; connection to Sierpinski's triangle.
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 Pascal's Triangle from Top to Bottom  Matthew Hubbard and Tom Roby
A comprehensive resource for the study of Pascal's Triangle. The section "Applications" addresses questions such as "What types of questions are answered by the binomial coefficients?" and "What number greater than 1 shows up most often in Pascal's Triangle?"
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 Pascal's Triangle Interface  Andrew Granville
A form that lets you visualize the entries of Pascal's triangle with respect to a modulus between 2 and 16. Select values for the number of rows, modulus, and the size of the image, and submit.
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 Pascal's Triangle  Ken Williams
Pascal's triangle, written out through row 19, by Ken Williams of the Math Forum.
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 Pascal's Triangle  Math Forum/USI
A Web unit designed to support workshops given by the Math Forum for the Urban Systemic Initiative (Philadelphia and San Diego). Read about the history of Pascal's triangle and learn to construct it; view illustrations of number patterns to be discovered;
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 Pascal's Triangle: Number Patterns  Math Forum
Some history and an interactive exploration of number patterns and an exploratory Internet Web unit for elementary, middle school, and high school, with lessons, number pattern studies, and links to relevant sites on the Web.
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 Pascal Triangle Applet  Sergey Butkevich
An applet that graphically presents Pascal's triangle modulo an integer number p; i.e. it computes the binomial coefficients. It can draw triangles with up to 650 rows with a p value between 2 and 30,000 (though it's not very clear above 15,000). The
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 Pat's Math & Problem Solving Links  Pat McQuatty
Site recommendations from the math consultant for the Western Quebec School Board. See, in particular, Special Days (Hundredth Day of school, Math with the number 2000  twenty suggested math activities for the year 2000). Also mathrelated links for
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 Patterns and Magic Squares  Recmath
This page looks at a particular subset of Magic Squares, those of order four which are 'continuous' (also known as pandiagonal, Nasik and Jaina). It explores the patterns possible when the numbers in these kinds of squares are
represented by a set of
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