 Ostrich Llama Count  Examining Solution Methods  Suzanne Alejandre
Activity, alignments, directions, extensions, and activity sheets that detail five ways to solve the Problem of the Week (PoW) "Ostrich Llama Count." Originally published in the March, 2013, issue of the CMC ComMuniCator, journal of the California Mathematics
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 Pascal's Fractals  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
It's possible to convert Pascal's triangle into eyecatching geometric forms. For example, one can replace the odd coefficients with 1 and even coefficients with 0. Continuing the pattern for many rows reveals an everenlarging host of triangles, of varying
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 Pascal's Triangle and its Patterns
All kinds of information about Pascal's triangle: sums of the rows; prime numbers; hockey stick pattern; magic 11's; Fibonacci sequence; triangular numbers; square numbers; polygonal numbers; points on a circle; connection to Sierpinski's triangle.
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 Pascal's Triangle from Top to Bottom  Matthew Hubbard and Tom Roby
A comprehensive resource for the study of Pascal's Triangle. The section "Applications" addresses questions such as "What types of questions are answered by the binomial coefficients?" and "What number greater than 1 shows up most often in Pascal's Triangle?"
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 Pascal's Triangle Interface  Andrew Granville
A form that lets you visualize the entries of Pascal's triangle with respect to a modulus between 2 and 16. Select values for the number of rows, modulus, and the size of the image, and submit.
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 Pattern Exploration: Integrating Math and Science for the Middle School  Martin Logan et al.
Download PDFs of lesson plans from units such as The PascalSierpinski Connection, Branching Patterns in Trees, Lessons in Paper Folding, Fractal Wallhanging, Patterns in Nature, Scaling and Dimension, and more. With accompanying Java applets and Cabri
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 Patterns in Mathematics (Teachers' Lab)  Annenberg Media
This lab, based on the professional development series and workshops broadcast on the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science Project Channel, explores patterns as they occur in logic, numbers, and words, focusing on how to develop "function sense" without simply
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 Patterns, Patterns, Everywhere  Nina Heal
Three lesson plans: an internetbased research project on patterns; connections between the arts of M. C. Escher and quilters; and a technologyenriched tessellations lesson. Includes a teacher resource page with rubrics.
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 paulus gerdes's Storefront  Paulus Gerdes
Purchase print editions or download Gerdes' titles, some also available in Portuguese, Dutch, and French: Drawings from Angola: Living Mathematics, Enjoy Puzzling with biLLies, Puzzle Fun with BiLLies, The Bisos Game: Puzzles and Diversions, Introducing
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 Pentomino Relationships  Adrian Smith
The site describes how pentominoes (twelve pieces of wood, each a different shape and each made of five cubes) fit together into rectangles or cuboids, as well as the subsequent challenge of finding as many other solutions as possible from the one just
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 Perfect Numbers  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
What is a perfect number? How many are there? How can you calculate a perfect number from a Mersenne prime?
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 Pick a number from 1 to 10 ... for SCIENCE!  Alec Perkins
"When asked 'pick a number from 1 to 10,' people tend to pick certain numbers more than others, in particular 7 and 4 over the extremes...." Participate by choosing your own number; see bar graphs and line plots of data submitted thus far according to
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 PlaneMath  InfoUse, in cooperation with NASA
Materials for elementary school students about math and aeronautics, designed to stimulate and motivate students with physical disabilities in grades 47 to pursue aeronauticsrelated careers via the development and delivery of accessible math education
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 Plastelina Logic Games  Plastelina
Free Flash games include classic constrained "crossing" problems, such as the puzzle of ferrying a wolf, a sheep, and a head of cabbage across a river in a boat that only holds any two of them at once, without leaving the wolf and sheep alone in each
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 Poetry Patterns (TEAMS)  Jeannie Toshima; TEAMS Distance Learning, Los Angeles County Office of Education
Mathematical patterns in numbers and in poetry. This activity involves students in writing two forms of poetry  diamante and cinquain  that involve mathematical word patterns.
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 Power Cards: A Mathematical Puzzle  Cynthia Lanius
Choose a number from 131. Tell me which cards below contain the number, and I can tell you the number. How do I do it? (A hint and directions for making more cards are given.)
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 The Power of One  Robert Matthews, The New Scientist
Benford's law demands that around 30 per cent of the numbers in a given data set will start with a 1, 18 per cent with a 2, right down to just 4.6 per cent starting with a 9. This essay provides a mathematical history behind the counterintuitive law,
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 PreAlgebra Problem of the Week  Math Forum
Math problems for students learning algebraic reasoning, identifying and applying patterns, ratio and proportion, and geometric ideas such as similarity. The goal is to challenge students with nonroutine problems and encourage them to put their solutions
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 Problem Corner  Les Reid; Southwest Missouri State University (SMSU)
High School, Advanced, and Challenge problems, updated monthly (approximately). High School: solutions are not solicited, although feedback (generalizations, suggestions for future problems, etc.) is appreciated. Each month, the solution to the previous
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 Problem Pictures  Richard Phillips
A CDROM of 184 attractive, unusual, or puzzling color photographs accompanied by activities for mathematics teaching. Images may defy explanation, motivate investigation, or inspire the viewer to answer a question. Other pictures may be the starting
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 Problem Solving Island  Samuel A. Rebelsky
Challenging openended word problems on the topics of games, such as Blockade, Finger Multiplication, and The Word Pyramid; puzzles such as Error Correction, Error Detection, The Fake Coin, Friday the 13th, and Leap Birthdays; and problems based on figures,
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 Productive Struggle
Group blog, with most contributions by secondary math and science teachers, that aims to "push teachers to learn in the same way that we push our students to learn" and "work together to make our struggles productive." Posts, which date back to March,
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 Project IMPULS  Tokyo Gakugei University
Project IMPULS (Project for International Mathteacher Professionalization Using Lesson Study) offers opportunities and ideas for mathematics teachers using lesson study. The library includes lesson study about positive and negative numbers; division;
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 Project Interactivate  Shodor Education Foundation, Inc.
Interactive middle school lessons on number and operations, geometry and measurement, functions and algebra, and probability and statistics. They feature: online activities (illustrative Java applets including: Venn diagrams; clock arithmetic; Pythagorean
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 Project SkyMath: Making Mathematical Connections  University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Using the science and language of patterns to explore the weather. A middle school mathematics module using realtime weather data and current environmental issues to promote the learning of significant mathematics, consistent with the NCTM Standards.
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 ProTeacher  ProTeacher
A teachercreated resource site for elementary schoolteachers, offering lessons and materials, education news, links for finding schools, news and weather, and a reference desk. An index of links to information on various academic subjects includes Mathematics
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 Puzzle of the Week  Ralph Grove
A small archive of math and word puzzles having to do with patterns, permutations, and probability, with solutions, from a professor of computer science at Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
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 Pyramids and Algebra  David C. Miller
Four questions that explore the problem of creating a pyramid from a set of dominoes, dealing with the concepts of arithmetic series; derivation of square roots including a graphical method; scientific notation; exponential notation; quadratic equations;
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 Pythagoras: Music and Space  J. BoydBrent
A brief introduction to Pythagoras' observations on the relation between music and number. Graphics show music intervals expressed as mathematical ratios. Pythagoras observed that when the blacksmith struck his anvil, different notes were produced according
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 Quiximity  CleverMedia
Race against the clock to find threeofakind that match in color or shape, earning point bonuses for objects adjacent to one another. Requires the Flash plugin.
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 Quiz Me  D. Kell and Mercer County Community College
Interactive quizzes constructed using software provided by Addison Wesley Longman Publishers. Autoscoring, multiple choice selftests on whole numbers (place value, operations, applications, rounding, roots and order of operations); fractions (equivalencies,
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 Rectangle Pattern Challenges  Cynthia Lanius
Examine different stges of rectangle patterns, and describe what you must do to get from one to the next. Observe the designs looking for patterns. Use the symmetry of the design to help you count. Organize your information into a table. On square grid
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 Resource Room (Math Central)  University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
French version: Centre de ressources. A service of Math Central that allows mathematics educators to share resources having to do with math teaching. Submissions are stored in a database that can be browsed by educational level and curriculum strand,
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 Rich Maths Tasks to Engage  East Midlands Maths Network
These teachermade rich maths tasks in number, algebra, shape, and data handling emerged from a collaborative project run by Jon Stratford, Lead Practitioner for the Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT): arrangements, clock face, chocolate dilemma,
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 Rite Item  Jim Preston
Software to download: ANYANGLE (Windows, DOS; a geometry solver that provides a method of finding answers to problems involving triangles, and offers scale views and supplementary data to back up the numerical results); and PARTYDOT (a program for creating
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 Road Sign Math  Jamie Thingelstad
"Driving + Math = Fun." A game to play on the road, identifying signs that suggest basic or advanced arithmetic, or that display constants, sequences, or primes. See digital photographs of actual street and highway signs that meet the "RSM" rules. Submit
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 SAMMO  Sinclair, Nathalie; Murphy, Pat; et al.
Tools for exploring, creating, and doing mathematics. Sinclair's Java applets let middle school students explore appealing mathematical situations not normally included in school curricula while using fractions, ratios, decimal numbers, and other concepts
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 Scholastic Online Activities  Math  Scholastic, Inc.
Lessons and activities for grades PreK3 or 48, with sources listed: Kids USA Survey; Max's Math Adventures of interactive whiteboardready rhyming math activities, audio support, and printables; Math Maven's Mysteries; I Spy Oops Hoops; Math Hunt; and
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 Science, Engineering, and Technology for Youth  eXtension
Lessons, news, articles, answers from experts, a glossary, and other science resources for young people. See especially Math in Child Care, which organizes suggestions for developing children's mathematical foundations into topics such as onetoone correspondence
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 The Set Game Company  Set Enterprises Inc.
SetGame is a family game of visual perception. Take the Java tutorial; learn the math behind the game (create a 3x3 magic square with SET cards, learn why the largest possible "no set" contains 20 cards, explore set theory and set operations involved
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 Shapari and Curvay  Spelunk Computing
Windows software designed to allow children to produce abstract and fractal patterns from simple shapes and operations. Shapari offers 5 levels of difficulty, allowing children to challenge their visualization abilities by matching computer generated
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 Sieve of Eratosthenes  Interactive mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
Sieve of Eratosthenes with an interactive Java illustration. A slight
modification of the Eratosthenes' algorithm leads to a different sieve
that leaves out square numbers. The latter is also accompanied by a Java
illustration.
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 Simeon's World of Magic  Bob Fay
Interactive card tricks on the Web. Pick a card; whisper it out loud; Simeon will always remove it on the next page.
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 A Small Puzzle  Joe Fields
The site offers a visual proof that the sum of the first n consecutive odd numbers is n^2, the "L"decomposition.
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 Snowflakes  Kenneth G. Libbrecht
"Your online guide to snowflakes, snow crystals, and other ice phenomena." Snow activities include instructions for using everday objects and dry ice to make your own snowflakes; for using glue to make plastic snowflake replicas ("snowflake fossils")
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 Sometimes We Learn Some Math Too  Jacqueline Sheppet
Blog by a high school teacher in British Columbia. Posts, which date back to September, 2014, have included "Purple is the new math," "Forming a formative mindset," "A formula to understand," and "Do the ends justify the means?"
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 Some Variations on the Theme of Polyominos  Recmath
Patterns that illustrate how the squares of polyominos are connected to each other. Examples of polyominos with a grid superimposed to illustrate the individual squares; with a line that joins the midpoint of two adjacent square if the squares are connected.
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 A Song About Pi  Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
A short biography of Irving Kaplansky, Director Emeritus of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) in Berkeley, CA, and his analysis of the structure of complex songs.
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 Sorting and Analyzing (SMILE)  Vickie Townsend, Crown Fine Arts Community Academy
A K12 lesson designed to teach students to sort, compare, and analyze through exploring, observing, and examining concrete objects, and to recognize a bar graph. From the Patterns and Logic section of a collection of almost 200 single concept lessons
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 Sorting Through Life! (SMILE)  Barbette Flennoy, Joseph Stockton School
A Kindergarten lesson designed to teach students how to sort objects by recognizing their attributes and, if possible, relate them to life. From the Patterns and Logic section of a collection of almost 200 single concept lessons by the Science and Mathematics
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