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A Method of Front-End Arithmetic (SMILE)

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Author:Eddie Newton, Carver Area High School
Description: A lesson for grades 3-12 designed to teach students to transfer computational fatigue from the most significant to the least significant columns; eliminate carry-overs and their errors; and use one or more of the fundamental laws of commutation, association and distribution, and the concepts of place value and regrouping. From the Arithmetic section of a collection of almost 200 single concept lessons by the Science and Mathematics Initiative for Learning Enhancement.

Levels: Late Elem. (3-5), Middle School (6-8), High School (9-12)
Languages: English
Resource Types: Manipulatives, Lesson Plans and Activities
Math Topics: Basic Operations

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