Historical and Geographical Connections

for Tessellations and Tilings

About This Project ||  What is a Tessellation? ||  Tessellation Tutorials ||  Tessellation Links

Moorish architecture in Spain and Islamic architecture in the Middle East offer excellent examples of tessellations or tilings.
Because of the strict injunctions against such depictions of humans or animals which might result in idol-worship, Islamic art developed a unique character, utilizing a number of primary forms: geometric, arabesque, floral, and calligraphic, which are often interwoven. From early times, Muslim art has reflected this balanced, harmonious world-view.
- Elisabeth Siddiqui, Islamic Art

Egyptian, Persian, Byzantine, Arabian, Moresque, Indian, Hindoo, Chinese, Middle Ages

The Grammar of Ornament, by Owen Jones, originally published in 1856. Starting with page 3 in this Illuminated Book, view the images. The Illuminated Books Project is a private non-profit, collaborative effort of three individuals, Alfredo Malchiodi, Anita Malchiodi and Carlos Alonso Cabezas. These books are mainly from the 19th Century Victorian Period, Arts and Craft style and Private Presses extending from 1800's to the 1920's. In the selection of books exhibited, particular emphasis is given to the illustration and illumination over the literary content.


Alhambra and Generalife (English) || La Alhambra and el Generalife (Spanish)
A tour including photos of La Alcazaba, the palaces of the Alhambra, the Alhambra after the reconquest and the gardens of the Generalife.
Granada: Photo Tour (English) || Granada: Foto Tour (Spanish)
Granada City Guide (English) || Granada Guia de ciudades (Spanish)

Chinese and Japanese Designs


Classic Japanese Quilt Pattern - Studio Aika
Quilt Inspiration: Japanese Quilts

Isfahan, Iran [Persia]

Fundamental Concepts of Persian Architecture
The sense of unity which is fundamental to Islamic architecture is explained and illustrated in these pages.
Mosques and shrines
Once you select a mosque or shrine to visit, make certain to view the links provided at the bottom of each page which allow you to enter doors or travel to a nearby building.
Tilework in Persian Architecture
Examples of mosaic tilework and tilework incorporating calligraphy are shown in this collection of pages.

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