Teacher2Teacher 
Q&A #2599 
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From: Marty S To: Teacher2Teacher Public Discussion Date: 2001062808:59:47 Subject: Classroom Openers Thanks very much for your interest. I tell many stories to my class. Most of them are used to try to motivate them to do work. I emphasise why it is important to learn how to think mathematically. Alright, I concede that learning the nittygritty of algebra might be seen as a waste of time in terms of what you need in life (although one could argue against that) but it is important, however, to learn how to use reason and logic. The main reason for this is so that you can't be tricked with numbers. So often I see surveys, graphs and numbers being manipulated to prey on the 'innumerate'. Such as a simple stock market scam ('Innumeracy'). Lets say you were interested in investing money in the stockmarket. If you received 6 straight correct predictions on a certain stock index, would you be willing to pay for the 7th? If you would, think about this scam. Let's just say you buy some fancy stationary, with a really nice letterhead on it and write to 32000 people, talking of your elaborate computer model, your 30 years of experience in the stock market and your inside contacts. Now in 16000 of these letters, you say a certain stock will go up. In the other 16000 letters, you say the stock will go down. Now, no matter how the stock performed, a followup letter is sent, but only to the 16000 people who received a correct prediction. In 8000 letters, you say the stock will go up. In the other 8000, a decline. Now after this, whatever the outcome, 8000 people have received 2 straight correct predictions. You then send out 4000 letters  2000 say up, 2000 say down. You this a couple more times until 500 people have received six straight correct 'predictions'. The 500 people are reminded of this and are asked to send $500 each if they are to continue to receive this valuable information. Assuming everyone does, that's a cool $250 000 for other scammer, with only a couple of thousand dollars in postage fees. If I told the class this story, I would mention that if anyone does this knowingly, with intent to defraud, they would spend the better part of their life behind bars. The fantastic books that I get some of these stories from are  'Why Do Buses Come In Threes?' by Rob Eastaway and Jeremy Wyndham, published in Great Britain by Robson Books Ltd ISBN 1 86105 247 2  'Innumeracy' by John Allen Paulos, published by Penguin Books ISBN 0 14 029120 2 In 'Innumeracy', Paulos shows just how much trouble people have in grasping even the fundamental ideas about numbers, and how this lack of understanding can profoundly effect us in our everyday lives. I have also bought a game called 'MindTrap' from MindTrap Games Inc. (MS 51557) and licensed by Wind Chimes Limited. This game has about 500 lateral thinking questions (at least 1 everyday!). I have math jigsaw puzzles that I give to the kids every now and then. It really helps with their literacy too  a lot of reconstruction e.g. geometrical pictures (adjacent complementary angles) and the word adjacent complementary angles whichthey have to match. The kids love them and it is a good opportunity to do group work. Unfortunately, I haven't got these openers typed out, but would be very willing to so. Hopefully I could post them somewhere so you can benefit from them. My advice when doing these activities: (a) because the kids enjoy the novelty of these things so much, emphasise that it is only going to be done when you decide  otherwise they will ask you 20 times each lesson! (from personal experience), and (b) start collecting puzzles, books and interesting math stuff whenever you see it. It doesn't have to do with any topic in particular, just something that will get them thinking mathematically. Thanks for your interest and support and I'll try to get some specific openers up very soon. Marty
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