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205: Balloon Booths
[Spanish version]
In a game called "Scale 'n Pop." a heliumfilled balloon is tied to a rod. Just above it, between two boards, is a gap that leads to a pair of sharp nails. The distance between the nails is a little less than the width of the gap.
To win the game, you must figure out how to make the balloon small
enough to fit through the gap, yet still large enough to touch (and
be popped by) the nails. You can inflate or deflate it so that its
diameter is a fraction of its original size. (That fraction may be
greater than or less than 1.)
Play the game in three different balloon booths using this Java applet: http://mathforum.org/escotpow/puzzles/scalenpop/ScaleNPop.html to find the scaling fraction that will pop each balloon.
Question:
Last year a student playing this game in a different booth found that 3/2 made the diameter too small and 5/3 made the diameter too large. Recommend a strategy the student might use to find a fraction that will pop the balloon.
Extra:
Do any other nonequivalent scaling fractions pop the balloon in any of the three booths?
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