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Types of Questions Mathematics Teachers Ask in the Classroom

According to Hiebert and Wearne (1993), there are four different categories of questions mathematics teachers pose in their classroom dialogues with students:
  1. Recall
    questions generally ask students to recite previously learned or currently available facts, describe previously learned rules, or recall a previously discussed topic.

  2. Describe Your Strategy
    questions generally ask students to tell how they solved a problem, or to describe another approach to solving the same problem.

  3. Generate Problems
    questions ask students to create a story to match a number sentence, or to create a problem to fit a set of given constraints.

  4. Examine Underlying Features
    questions ask students to explain why a procedure is chosen or why it works, or asks students to consider the nature of a problem or a solution strategy.

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