Skills and concepts we want children to learn
What do the NCTM Standards say?
Basic probability concepts:
 Systematic counting
 Randomness
 Fairness of the tool and the rule
 Degree of certainty (impossible, unlikely, equally likely to occur, likely, certain) becomes more quantifiable
 Theoretical vs experimental chance
Related math skills:
 Fractions
 Decimals
 Percents
 Ratios
 Measurement
Data analysis:
 Formulate meaningful questions
 Collect, organize, analyze, and represent data
 Select appropriate forms of representation – continuous vs discrete
 Purpose of graphing
 Develop conjectures, draw conclusions, make predictions based on
 the shape of the data (range, clusters, gaps, outliers)
 measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode)
 Relationship does not imply causality
