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The Fibonacci numbers

Fare defined recursively by the relation_{n}F=_{n}F_{n–1}+F_{n–2}, whereF_{1}=F_{2}= 1. The first few Fibonacci numbers are 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, ...They describe, among other things, the number of ways to tile a 2 x (

n–1) checkerboard with 2 x 1 dominoes.There's only one way to tile a 2 x 1 board:

Two ways to tile a 2 x 2 board:

Three ways to tile a 2 x 3 board:

Five ways to tile a 2 x 4 board:

Eight ways to tile a 2 x 5 board:

Thirteen ways to tile a 2 x 6 board:

Twenty-one ways to tile a 2 x 7 board:

See also Graham, Knuth, and Patashnik, Concrete Mathematics: A Foundation for Computer Science, Addison-Wesley, 1994.

For a practical, commercial use of Fibonacci numbers to encode binary data in a self-clocking code, visit Kronos, Incorporated.

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Copyright © 1997–2002 Robert M. Dickau.(With belated thanks to Steven Fairgrieve for some minor corrections.)

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