- Designed the first English-language data-processing compiler and coined the term
"bug" for a computer fault.
- Collaborating with Babbage, wrote the first "computer program" and anticipated
the computer by 100 years.
- Invented toilet system for railroad cars and electric lamp. Published book that became
guide for lighting engineers.
- First person to study determinants (10 years before Leibniz) and discovered Bernoulli's
numbers before Bernoulli.
- Became wealthy publishing almanacs in the United States and Europe.
- First woman to receive a doctorate in any field in Germany. Collaborated with her
husband in writing 220 math articles and several books. Wrote a paper on the foundations
of calculus that won the Gamble Prize at Cambridge in 1915.
- Prolific inventor who invented 15 appliances for electric railways and was awarded more
than 60 patents.
- Developed many industrial applications from agricultural products.
- One of the first African-American females to get a doctorate in math. Worked on
N.A.S.A.'s Apollo program.
- First known female mathematician. Edited Apollonius' book on conic sections and made
them easier to understand.
- Invented the lasting machine, a machine that mass produces shoes.
- Significant contributions to the fields of vibration and sound, musical instruments,
ultrasonics, diffraction, optics, and magnetism. First Asian to be awarded the Nobel
- Wrote Analytical Institutions, the first and most complete work on mathematical
- Discovered Pascal's triangle and binomial expansion before Pascal.
- Wrote astronomical books in the 19th century and became one of the first women elected
to the Royal Astronomical Society.
- Invented gas mask, traffic signal, and de-curling comb.
- Arab mathematician who wrote book that described the Hindu system of decimal notation
through which the decimal system was introduced into Europe.
- Developed the theory for an unsymmetrical body where the center of its mass is not on an
axis in the body.
- Made major contributions on the physiology of development.
- Wrote Institutions of Physics, a book explaining Leibniz' theory on integral calculus
and translated into French and commented on Newton's theory of differential calculus.
- Best known for her work on number theory and theory of elasticity.
- Pioneered process for transfusing blood plasma and organizing the concept of a blood
- Contributed to spherical trigonometry and navigation writing. Wrote Treatise on a
- Contributed to abstract algebra, with special attention to rings, groups, and fields.
- Contributed to non-Euclidean geometry.
Granville T. Woods
George Washington Carver
Lewis Howard Latimer
Evelyn Boyd Granville
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Musa al'Khwarizmi
Hypatia or Hypatia
Emilie du Chatelet
Charles Richard Drew