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Topic: Measure and Density
Replies: 14   Last Post: Feb 23, 2013 11:26 AM

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David C. Ullrich

Posts: 21,553
Registered: 12/6/04
Re: Measure and Density
Posted: Feb 21, 2013 10:08 AM
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On Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:40:29 -0800 (PST), Butch Malahide
<fred.galvin@gmail.com> wrote:

>On Feb 20, 4:46 pm, W^3 <82nd...@comcast.net> wrote:
>> Is it possible that there exist 0 < c < d < 1 such that cm(I) < m(S /\
>> I) < dm(I) for all nonempty open intervals I contained in (0,1)?

>No. If S is a (Lebesgue) measurable subset of the real line with m(S)

>> 0, and if d < 1, then there is a nonempty interval I such that m(S /
>\ I) > dm(I). Sometime in the previous millennium I took a class in
>measure theory, using the textbook by Halmos, and I recall that this
>was proved in an early chapter.
>More is true:

Very good. Gold star for Butch, or Fred or whoever you are.

This is an illustration of one of Littlewood's three principles:
A measurable set is almost open. I know another one is
a measurable function is almost continuous; I'm not sure
about the third, maybe almost everywhere convergence
is almost uniform.

Of course the "almost" is a little fuzzy, but they're useful
things to keep in mind.

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