Date: Dec 12, 2012 12:57 AM
Author: fom
Subject: Re: Almost infinite

On 12/11/2012 9:58 PM, David R Tribble wrote:
> We see the phrase "almost infinite" (or "nearly infinite", or "infinite
> for all practical purposes") in much literature for the layman, usually
> to describe a vastly large number of combinations or possibilities from
> a relatively large number of items. For example, all of the possible
> brain states for a human brain (comprising about 3 billion neurons), or
> all possible combinations of a million Lego blocks, etc.
>
> Obviously, these are in actuality just large finite numbers; having an
> infinite number of permutations of a set of objects would require the
> set to be infinite itself, or the number of possible states of each
> element would have to be infinite. Most uses of the term "infinite
> possibilities" or "almost infinite" are, in fact, just large finite
> numbers. All of which are, of course, less than infinity.
>
> But is there some mathematically meaningful definition of "almost
> infinite"? If we say that m is a "nearly infinite" number, where
> m < omega, but with m having some property that in general makes it
> larger than "almost all" finite n?
>
> Personally, I don't think there is such a definition; but then I would
> enjoy being proved wrong.
>
> -drt
>


When people look at completeness of the
real number system, they are looking at
convergent sequences attaining a bound
within some finite distance of the
origin.

The construction of the real numbers
usually involves considering such sequences
of rational numbers AS the real number.

The "opposite" of this would be a divergent
sequence that is unbounded. The sequence
itself never gets to and infinite distance
from the origin. But, it grows larger
than any convergent sequence.

Hopefully, someone may have a better
suggestion for you.