Date: Dec 27, 2012 1:20 AM Author: plutonium.archimedes@gmail.com Subject: what Resistance is in Maxwell Equations (a phase change) Chapt15.34<br> explaining Superconductivity from Maxwell Equations #1115 New Physics #1235<br> ATOM TOTALITY 5th ed So what is friction or resistance for Maxwell Equations? Funny how no

physicist of the 20th century made any attempt to answer that in a

serious manner.

Of course we have Ohm's rule (law) that

i = V/R or R = V/i

So that resistance is potential difference (pressure) divided by

current.

One of the things that bothered me about physics

when I first went to college and studied physics 1969, was Ohm's law

in particular. What bothered me was that it was unclear to me that

resistance was independent of potential difference (V). And how one

could define R if V and R were dependent of one another. For example

in math the area of a rectangle is A = L*W, much like V = i*R, but

that L length and W width are independent of one another and readily

accessible to measure. But is the R readily accessible without using V

or i to obtain it? And I firmly believe that a scholar of a subject,

should look for answers to all his studied topics in his lifetime that

puzzled him earlier, otherwise, we are not scholars of the subject.

This is now 2012 and when I did Ohm's law in 1969 that is 43 years

later and just now beginning to reconcile that problem. So it is no

excuse for the physics community of the past century that they did not

care or see a flaw in Ohm's law.

The insight I have over the past several days is that the Maxwell

Equations do not address "resistance" in electromagnetism. In

Classical Physics, we called resistance that of friction and friction

was explained as tiny electromagnetic forces slowing down the object.

But now we need a actual picture of resistance for electromagnetism

itself. And use electromagnetism to say that friction is those charges

pulling on an object.

The insight I have is from the Goodstein demonstration shown in The

Mechanical Universe, episode 50 of Particles and Waves of light

polarization with the oblique filter letting light get through.

There is a Malus law and a Ohm's law. If you examine them carefully,

you can see that they are interchangeable.

So what I propose is that the concept of Resistance for the Maxwell

Equations is this idea of a Phase change of the pilot wave of photons.

If a light beam does not encounter a filter with a phase change, it

has 0 resistance. If the light beam encounters a vertical filter then

a oblique filter at 45 degrees then according to Malus law with its

cosine, the luminosity of the beam is cut in 1/2. So in a sense, the

resistance or friction is 1/2. So that in this picture, a moving

object experiencing friction can account for the friction as the

accumulation of phase changes of the pilot wave of the photons and

electrons and particles making up that material object.

This is important for superconductivity, in that unless we start with

a clear idea of what resistance is, we have no hope of understanding

or resolving what superconductivity is.

So what I am saying is that Resistance in electricity and magnetism of

the Maxwell Equations is the same as a phase change of the pilot wave

of photon/s or electron/s.

Now I am not sure if Malus's law is derivable from the Maxwell

Equations or whether it is independent of the Symmetrical Maxwell

Equations (the set that has magnetic monopoles.) I have to check that

out. I would guess they are not independent, just as Lenz's law is

derived from the Faraday law with its negative sign.

Google's New-Newsgroups censors AP posts, especially the mobile?phones

such as iphone deleted all of AP's post, and halted a proper archiving

of AP, but Drexel's Math Forum does not censor and my posts in

sequential archive form is seen here:

http://mathforum.org/kb/profile.jspa?userID=499986

Archimedes Plutonium

http://www.iw.net/~a_plutonium

whole entire Universe is just one big atom

where dots of the electron-dot-cloud are galaxies