Date: Dec 27, 2012 1:20 AM
Subject: what Resistance is in Maxwell Equations (a phase change) Chapt15.34<br> explaining Superconductivity from Maxwell Equations #1115 New Physics #1235<br> ATOM TOTALITY 5th ed
So what is friction or resistance for Maxwell Equations? Funny how no
physicist of the 20th century made any attempt to answer that in a
Of course we have Ohm's rule (law) that
i = V/R or R = V/i
So that resistance is potential difference (pressure) divided by
One of the things that bothered me about physics
when I first went to college and studied physics 1969, was Ohm's law
in particular. What bothered me was that it was unclear to me that
resistance was independent of potential difference (V). And how one
could define R if V and R were dependent of one another. For example
in math the area of a rectangle is A = L*W, much like V = i*R, but
that L length and W width are independent of one another and readily
accessible to measure. But is the R readily accessible without using V
or i to obtain it? And I firmly believe that a scholar of a subject,
should look for answers to all his studied topics in his lifetime that
puzzled him earlier, otherwise, we are not scholars of the subject.
This is now 2012 and when I did Ohm's law in 1969 that is 43 years
later and just now beginning to reconcile that problem. So it is no
excuse for the physics community of the past century that they did not
care or see a flaw in Ohm's law.
The insight I have over the past several days is that the Maxwell
Equations do not address "resistance" in electromagnetism. In
Classical Physics, we called resistance that of friction and friction
was explained as tiny electromagnetic forces slowing down the object.
But now we need a actual picture of resistance for electromagnetism
itself. And use electromagnetism to say that friction is those charges
pulling on an object.
The insight I have is from the Goodstein demonstration shown in The
Mechanical Universe, episode 50 of Particles and Waves of light
polarization with the oblique filter letting light get through.
There is a Malus law and a Ohm's law. If you examine them carefully,
you can see that they are interchangeable.
So what I propose is that the concept of Resistance for the Maxwell
Equations is this idea of a Phase change of the pilot wave of photons.
If a light beam does not encounter a filter with a phase change, it
has 0 resistance. If the light beam encounters a vertical filter then
a oblique filter at 45 degrees then according to Malus law with its
cosine, the luminosity of the beam is cut in 1/2. So in a sense, the
resistance or friction is 1/2. So that in this picture, a moving
object experiencing friction can account for the friction as the
accumulation of phase changes of the pilot wave of the photons and
electrons and particles making up that material object.
This is important for superconductivity, in that unless we start with
a clear idea of what resistance is, we have no hope of understanding
or resolving what superconductivity is.
So what I am saying is that Resistance in electricity and magnetism of
the Maxwell Equations is the same as a phase change of the pilot wave
of photon/s or electron/s.
Now I am not sure if Malus's law is derivable from the Maxwell
Equations or whether it is independent of the Symmetrical Maxwell
Equations (the set that has magnetic monopoles.) I have to check that
out. I would guess they are not independent, just as Lenz's law is
derived from the Faraday law with its negative sign.
Google's New-Newsgroups censors AP posts, especially the mobile?phones
such as iphone deleted all of AP's post, and halted a proper archiving
of AP, but Drexel's Math Forum does not censor and my posts in
sequential archive form is seen here:
whole entire Universe is just one big atom
where dots of the electron-dot-cloud are galaxies