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Re: integrals
Posted:
Jan 22, 2013 3:56 AM


First let us take the problem, Here, 1/x is taken as the input for the given function. It's the difference between f(x)*g(x) and f(g(x)), with this case being the latter. As such, there is no way to separate the 1/x from the arctangent  they MUST be considered as a single unit. Then, we let u=arctan (1/x), du = 1/(1+(1/x)²) * (1/x²) dx = 1/(x²+1) dx (using the chain rule), dv = dx, v = x. Then we have:
[1, ?3]?arctan (1/x) dx x arctan (1/x) [1, ?3] + [1, ?3]?x/(x²+1) dx ?3 arctan (1/?3)  1 arctan 1 + [1, ?3]?x/(x²+1) dx ??3/6  ?/4 + [1, ?3]?x/(x²+1) dx
Now making the substitution u=x²+1, du=2x dx, x dx = du/2, x=1 ? u=2, x=?3 ? u=4, we have:
??3/6  ?/4 + 1/2 [2, 4]?1/u du ??3/6  ?/4 + 1/2 ln u [2, 4] ??3/6  ?/4 + 1/2 (ln 4  ln 2) ??3/6  ?/4 + 1/2 ln (4/2) ??3/6  ?/4 + ln (?2) Replace (22/7, the value of Pie in place of ?)
Hence Proved.
Message was edited by: johnykeets
Message was edited by: johnykeets



