"Immortalist" <firstname.lastname@example.org> gave a nice rendition of Jared Diamond's TV series on the "White Man's Cargo" that aired about 5-7 years ago. > Good job, dude. I enjoyed it then as well as now. Kudos to you, albeit you didn't really address Topaz's main beef who sees US-Black people as a Block and wants to send them back to Africa. > The obvious though is (if you believe in DNA), that we all came OUT OF Africa and hence we are all Black. > To boot, all Afro-Americans living today do have AT LEAST one white male ancestor, which came about when on Saturday nights the Slave-owner's lily white wife had a "head ache" and he decided to check what was "available" in the Slave quarters... ahahahahahaha > The same in Europe & England. The black DNA strain was (re-) introduced there by Black Legionnaires from the ancient Roman Empire. Same for the Scandinavian Ruz (Russians) who sired children with black Mediterranean women on their sojourn's South and brought them back home North. > All in all, we are mixtures of all kinds of cultural strains today, incl. Abos, Inuits, Mongols & even Neanderthals, as researchers finally begin to admit to... ahahaha... > Humans migrate, and when "Dickie" meets "Twattie" then they make Youngens... & the more "exotic" they look to each other the greater their sexual attraction. > So, where does Topaz draw the line in US-Blacks as to which ones he tries to send back to Africa? > Topaz also ought to remember that stemming and reversing this natural/evolutionary diversification by racial purification attempts, like when tried by the 3rd Reich & the current Jewish State, were not and are not exactly successful examples or models to follow.
Topaz better check his own family tree and be careful what he wishes for... Topaz just may be and become one of the Deportees too... ahahahaha... AHAHAHA. > Thanks for the laughs, guys... ahahaha... ahahahanson > Topaz <mars1...@hotmail.com> wrote: The reason America is rich is because it was made by White people. < see rest at the end of post> >. ________ > "Immortalist" <email@example.com> wrote: But why was it made by white people? Was it something inherent in their race or just the luck of geography that gave them the power to cut up the world in chunks to keep as trophys?
Another reason for the higher local diversity of domesticated plants and animals in Eurasia than in the Americas is that Eurasia's main axis is east/west, whereas the main axis of the Americas is north/ south. Eurasia's east/west axis meant that species domesticated in one part of Eurasia could easily spread thousands of miles at the same latitude, encountering the same day-length and climate to which they were already adapted. As a result, chickens and citrus fruit domesticated in Southeast Asia quickly spread westward to Europe; horses domesticated in the Ukraine quickly spread eastward to China; and the sheep, goats, cattle, wheat, and barley of the Fertile Crescent quickly spread both west and east.
In contrast, the north/south axis of the Americas meant that species domesticated in one area couldn't spread far without encountering day- lengths and climates to which they were not adapted. As a result, the turkey never spread from its site of domestication in Mexico to the Andes; llamas and alpacas never spread from the Andes to Mexico, so that the Indian civilizations of Central and North America remained entirely without pack animals; and it took thousands of years for the corn that evolved in Mexico's climate to become modified into a corn adapted to the short growing season and seasonally changing day-length of North America.
Eurasia's domesticated plants and animals were important for several other reasons besides letting Europeans develop nasty germs. Domesticated plants and animals yield far more calories per acre than do wild habitats, in which most species are inedible to humans. As a result, population densities of farmers and herders are typically ten to a hundred times greater than those of hunter/gatherers. That fact alone explains why farmers and herders everywhere in the world have been able to push hunter/gatherers out of land suitable for farming and herding. Domestic animals revolutionized land transport. They also revolutionized agriculture, by letting one farmer plough and manure much more land than the farmer could till or manure by the farmer's own efforts. Also, hunter/gatherer societies tend to be egalitarian and to have no political organization beyond the level of the band or tribe, whereas the food surpluses and storage made possible by agriculture permitted the development of stratified, politically centralized societies with governing elites. Those food surpluses also accelerated the development of technology, by supporting craftspeople who didn't raise their own food and who could instead devote themselves to developing metallurgy, writing, swords, and guns.
In Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond joins the debate over racial differences in IQ. In a few ex cathedra pronouncements, Diamond brands the genetic argument "racist" (pp. 19-22), declares Herrnstein and Murray?s (1994) The Bell Curve "notorious" (p. 431), and states: "The objection to such racist explanations is not just that they are loathsome but also that they are wrong" (p. 19). He summarises his solution to one of philosophy and social science?s most enduring questions in one credal sentence: "History followed different courses for different peoples because of differences among people?s environments, not because of biological differences among peoples themselves" (p. 25).
The book grew out of an attempt to answer "Yali?s question." Yali, a New Guinea native, allegedly asked Diamond, an evolutionary biologist, "Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?" "Cargo" refers to all that technology?airplanes, guns, steel axes? European whites brought to New Guinea, whose dark-skinned inhabitants were still using stone tools. Diamond?s answer, is that the peoples of the Eurasian continent were environmentally rather than biologically advantaged. They had the good fortune to have lived in centrally located homelands that were oriented along an east-west axis, thereby allowing ready diffusion of their abundant supply of domesticable animals, plants, and of cultural innovations.
According to Diamond?s reckoning, there are only 148 species of large, wild creatures that can be tamed (and of these only 14 species have made it to the farm). In the plant realm, only several hundred of 200,000 species can yield good protein. The ancestors of these mammals and plants ? which include pigs, barley, and rice ? just happened to be in the Fertile Crescent and China. Moreover, only the Eurasian continent has an east-west axis allowing diffusion of plants, animals, and people across similar, somewhat Mediterranean-style climate and terrain. The north-south axis of Africa and America inhibited diffusion due to severe changes in climate. For example, the tropical jungle of central America effectively stopped the southward migration of domestic corn from Mexico and the northward migration of the domestic llama from Peru. Five thousand years after llamas had been domesticated in the Andes, the Maya, Aztecs, and all the other native societies of Mexico remained without pack animals. Similarly, the Saharan desert and tropical rainforests of Africa impeded the southward spread of technology from the Fertile Crescent of the Middle- East.
Thus, agriculturally wealthy Eurasians had a long head start in developing a surplus population with a division of labor that enabled the tools of civilization to arise. Agricultural settlements led small bands of nomadic hunter-gatherers to coalesce into village-based tribes. These grew into chiefdoms comprising thousands of people from many villages. Chiefdoms led conflict-mediating laws to be codified. Ruling classes and elites emerged to mobilize citizens and their resources to wage war, build public works, and increase political power. Finally, the state arose and with it the large populations and technological developments including political organizations that produced fleets of soldiers engaging in transoceanic conquest.
Astonishing, for example, is how Diamond describes the case of the island of Madagascar. It was colonized around 500 A.D. (about the same time as Hawaii) by an Austronesian-language people (similar to Polynesians) from Borneo, some 4,000 miles across the Indian Ocean, rather than by East Africans living only 250 miles away. Diamond?s answer (again) is that conquerors had better homelands rather than better brains. The immediate reason why Austronesians crossed the Indian Ocean was because they invented ocean-going canoes. They did this by outrigging dugouts, to stop them from capsizing, by lashing two smaller logs parallel to the hull and several feet from it, one on each side, connected to the hull by poles, with sails added later.
According to Diamond, the underlying explanation of why the Austronesians were more inventive than Africans and developed a technology that Africans did not dream of is that they were colonizing farmers originating in south China where they had achieved a head start through domesticating pigs, chickens, dogs, and rice. They simply loaded their domesticated products into their ocean-going canoes and moved on to replace the original tropical southeast Asians (possibly hunter-gathering Negritoes). The Austronesian expansion began in Taiwan (3,500 B.C.), then moved to the Philippines (3,000 B.C.), Indonesia (2,000 B.C.), New Zealand (1,000 A.D.) and the Pacific Islands (500 A.D.). > <http://www.lrainc.com/swtaboo/stalkers/jpr_ggs.html> <http://www.google.com/search?q=%22jared+diamond%22+axis&hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&as_qdr=all&start=10&sa=N> >. _______ > Topaz <mars1...@hotmail.com> initially wrote: > The reason America is rich is because it was made by White people. > The former White nations and Japan are the first world. The Black > countries are the third world. Leftist blame all the problems in the > world on the Whites. The real reason Black countries are the third > world is that Blacks are on average much less intelligent than Whites > as all IQ tests have proven. > > In the past White people built colonies in Africa and brought > civilization there. The Blacks were much better off with schools and > hospitals and a lot of food. They were exporting food. But the > liberals didn't like White people being in charge so they put a stop > to the colonies. And they brought the starvation and misery back to > Africa. > > The liberal plan of just giving food to the Blacks also causes more > suffering. It always causes them to greatly increase their population > and then there are a lot more people starving and needing even more > food. > > Since the Liberals didn't like the colonies because Whites were > running them, I propose that American Blacks be sent there. Many > American Blacks are not very dark and have a lot of White blood in > them and they are more intelligent than the African Blacks. They could > teach the Africans how to farm and educate them in many other ways. > With the proper leadership the starvation in Africa could be stopped. >