The final goal I am trying to achieve is the generation of a ten minutes time series: to achieve this I have to perform an FFT operation, and it's the point I have been stumbling upon.
Generally the aimed time series will be assigned as the sum of two terms: a steady component U(t) and a fluctuating component u'(t). That is
u(t) = U(t) + u'(t);
So generally, my code follows this procedure:
1) Given data
time = 600 [s];
Nfft = 4096;
L = 340.2 [m];
U = 10 [m/s];
df = 1/600 = 0.00167 Hz;
fn = Nfft/(2*time) = 3.4133 Hz;
This means that my frequency array should be laid out as follows:
f = (-fn+df):df:fn;
But, instead of using the whole f array, I am only making use of the positive half:
fpos = df:fn = 0.00167:3.4133 Hz;
2) Spectrum Definition
I define a certain spectrum shape, applying the following relationship
Su = (6*L*U)./((1 + 6.*fpos.*(L/U)).^(5/3));
3) Random phase generation
I, then, have to generate a set of complex samples with a determined distribution: in my case, the random phase will approach a standard Gaussian distribution (mu = 0, sigma = 1).
In MATLAB I call
nn = complex(normrnd(0,1,Nfft/2),normrnd(0,1,Nfft/2));
4) Apply random phase
To apply the random phase, I just do this
Hu = Su*nn;
At this point start my pains!
So far, I only generated Nfft/2 = 2048 complex samples accounting for the fpos content. Therefore, the content accounting for the negative half of f is still missing. To overcome this issue, I was thinking to merge the real and imaginary part of Hu, in order to get a signal Huu with Nfft = 4096 samples and with all real values.
But, by using this merging process, the 0-th frequency order would not be represented, since the imaginary part of Hu is defined for fpos.
Thus, how to account for the 0-th order by keeping a procedure as the one I have been proposing so far?