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Topic: Re: last word
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Posts: 2
Registered: 3/6/14
Re: last word
Posted: Mar 6, 2014 1:02 PM
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I was looking for the same thing, without much success.

The best paper I found is "ON VANISHING SUMS OF ROOTS OF UNITY" by Lam and Leung. They show that if n has at most two prime divisors then a vanishing sum of n-th roots of unity indeed decomposes into the "obvious ones". In the paper, you can also find a counterexample for n having three prime divisors.

Even with many divisors, it is possible that a vanishing sum decomposes into "less obvious ones", but this doesn't seem to be known.

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