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 TOPICS This page:   logic    Search   Dr. Math See also the Dr. Math FAQ:   false proofs,   classic fallacies and   liars, truthtellers and   proofs Internet Library:   logic HIGH SCHOOL About Math Analysis Algebra    basic algebra    equations/graphs/      translations    linear algebra    linear equations    polynomials Calculus Complex Numbers Calculators/    Computers Definitions Discrete Math    permutations/    combinations Exponents    Logarithms Fibonacci Sequence/   Golden Ratio Fractals Functions Geometry    Euclidean/plane      conic sections/        circles      constructions      coordinate plane      triangles/polygons    higher-dimensional      polyhedra    non-Euclidean    practical geometry    symmetry/tessellations History/Biography Interest Logic Negative Numbers Number Theory Physics/Chemistry Probability Projects Puzzles Sequences/Series Sets Square/Cube Roots Statistics Transcendental   Numbers Trigonometry Browse High School Logic Stars indicate particularly interesting answers or good places to begin browsing. Selected answers to common questions:     Venn diagrams. Translating Logic Statements [10/11/2005] How is a statement like 'Joe will go to the movies only if Sam wins the race' written as a conditional (if...then) statement? A Truel [3/6/1995] You and two of your friends get into a dispute and decide to solve it with a "Truel", a three way duel. The Truel [10/13/1998] A truel is a duel with three participants, rather than two. Whom should Mr. Black shoot first to survive? Truth of a Biconditional Statement [11/08/2005] Let p represent x = 0, and let q represent x + x = x. Write the biconditional p <-> q in words. Decide whether the biconditional is true. Truth of the Contrapositive [06/07/2003] The inverse of a statement's converse is the statement's contrapositive. Why? Truth Tables: a AND b [09/10/2001] What are truth tables? Truth Tables: And, Or, Implies, Not [06/10/2001] Can you give me an explanation of truth tables, with examples? Truth Tables of Boolean Variables [03/09/2001] Given two Boolean variables, A and B, what are the sixteen possible truth functions in table form? Two Mathematicians: Factoring Logic [03/24/2003] Two mathematicians are each assigned a positive integer. They are told that the product of the two numbers is either 8 or 16. Neither knows the other's number... Two Mathematicians Problem [05/18/1998] One mathematician is give the sum of integers X and Y, and another is given their product... what are the numbers? Two Turkeys [10/07/1997] ... How much did each turkey weigh? Two- vs. Many-Valued Logic [06/19/2001] Are the perhaps practical instruments of "fuzzy logic" and not at least "three- or many-valued logic" for pragmatic use only? Uncountable Infinitude, Illogically Concluded [11/21/2010] If a rational number can be found between any two irrationals, and the set of irrationals are uncountably infinite, does that mean that the rationals are also uncountable? Doctor Peterson points up the flaw in a student's assumption about what to conclude from a failed mapping. Understanding the Transitive, Reflexive, and Symmetric Properties [06/30/2008] Decide if the relation 'is not equal to' is a)transitive, b)reflexive, and c)symmetric with regard to the counting numbers. Union and Intersection of Empty Family of Sets [03/20/2003] In what sensible way can we define the union and intersection of an empty family of sets? Unions and Intersections: Proving Sets [10/17/1999] How can I verify a proof of the statement A - (B union C) = (A - B) intersect (A - C)? Unknown Numbers and a Venn Diagram [11/26/2001] The GCF of two numbers is 20 and the LCM is 840. One of the numbers is 120. Explain how to find the other number and use the Venn diagram method to illustrate. Upside-down A's and Sideways E's [09/19/2001] What is an upside-down A? a sideways E? Also, what do R and J stand for? Vacuous Cases, Empty Sets, and Empty Functions [04/10/2004] I am having difficulty understanding 'vacuous' situations such as if A is an empty set and B is a non-empty set, then why is there one function mapping A to B (the empty function) but no function mapping B to A? Valid Arguments [12/17/2002] What are the real-life applications for valid arguments? Venn Diagram - Choose One of Three Options [01/24/1999] Members of a computer class choose at least one of three options. How many are taking just one? ... Use a Venn diagram. Venn Diagram: Goops, Gorps, Gorgs [09/19/2002] Every Goop is a Gorp. Half of all Gorgs are Gorps. Half of all Gorps are Goops. There are 40 Gorgs and 30 Goops. No Gorg is a Goop. How many Gorps are neither Goops nor Gorgs? Venn Diagram of Natural Numbers [09/22/1999] How can I construct a Venn diagram comparing the numbers 1 through 100 in these 4 areas: odd, even, composite and prime? Venn Diagram of Our Number System [12/13/2002] I don't know how to include complex numbers that consist of a real part and an imaginary part. Can you please diagram this for me? Venn Diagram to Classify Quadrilaterals [01/02/2003] I am looking for a Venn diagram that will accurately display the relation among trapezoids, parallelograms, kites, rhombi, rectangles, and squares. Venn Diagram: Two Possibilities [01/14/2003] The science club advisor asked club members what science courses they liked. Eighteen members said they liked physics, 17 liked chemistry, and 10 liked biology. However, of these, 9 liked physics and chemistry, 4 liked biology and chemistry, 2 liked physics and biology, and 2 liked all three. How many science club members were interviewed? What Color Hat am I Wearing? [4/17/1996] Three students close their eyes, and the teacher puts a hat on each of their heads (hiding the other two hats)... What is a Property? [11/29/2001] I understand Undefined and Defined terms and Axioms and Theorems, but what exactly is a Property? Is it the same thing as a Theorem? Also what is a Law? What is a Venn Diagram? [02/26/1998] What is a Venn Diagram? What is its use, definition, and what does it look like? Where is the Arsenic? [03/12/2002] You place six jars (right to left: coffee, arsenic, and sugar on the top shelf; snuff, tea, and salt on the bottom shelf)... Where is the Prize? [4/17/1996] "One of these three boxes is filled with precious jewels. The other two contain pebbles from a pond..." Which Twin is Telling the Truth? [3/2/1996] At a fork in a road are identical twins. One always lies and one always tells the truth, but you don't know which is which. If you could only ask one question to find out which way to go, what would it be? Who Gets the Job? [12/11/2001] Each job candidate can see the other two candidates' black or red dots but not his own. Whoever can figure out the color of his own dot gets the job. Who Got Engaged to Whom? [11/27/2001] Dorothy, Jean, Virginia, Bill, Jim, and Tom became engaged to one another. Who got engaged to whom? Who is a Liar, Who Tells the Truth? [9/4/1996] Swimmers always tell the truth, non-swimmers always lie. If you meet three such people, and ask them... which of these people is a swimmer or non-swimmer? Who Is the Youngest Boy? [04/28/2002] Al, Ed, and Tom are different ages. One of the following statements is true: Ed is the oldest; Al is not the oldest; Tom is not the youngest. Who is the youngest boy? Who Made Which Toys? [12/21/1998] A math logic problem, from a rhyme describing Santa's toymakers. Who Owns the Fish? (Einstein's Problem) [07/18/2002] There are 5 houses sitting next to each other, each with a different color, occupied by 5 guys from 5 different countries... Who Picked the Most? [09/12/1998] Arrange the names of the people in the order of the number of peaches that each picked, starting with the person who picked the most. Why Not Force Dividing by Zero? [10/22/2002] Has there ever been an attempt to force dividing by zero just as it has been done so successfully by forcing the square root of -1 to be i? Page: []

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