Associated Topics || Dr. Math Home || Search Dr. Math

### Euclid

```
Date: 8/23/96 at 10:0:24
From: Anonymous
Subject: Euclid as Father of Mathematics

Who is considered the father of mathematics?
```

```
Date: 8/23/96 at 16:9:29
From: Doctor Mike
Subject: Euclid as Father of Mathematics

Hello,

would go for the co-inventors of Calculus, Newton and Leibniz, but I
have the utmost respect for Euclid because of the long-lasting deep
effect of his mind not only on math but also on the development of
human thought over thousands of years.

I will attach a summary I found on the Internet that captures pretty
well why mathematicians are so impressed by this "father" from so
long ago.

I hope this helps.  Write again if you have more questions.

SUMMARY:

Euclid of Alexandria
Born: about 365 BC in Alexandria, Egypt

Euclid is the most prominent mathematician of antiquity; best known
for his treatise on geometry, "The Elements". The long lasting
nature of The Elements must make Euclid the leading mathematics
teacher of all time.

Little is known of Euclid's life except that he taught at Alexandria
in Egypt.

Euclid's most famous work is his treatise on geometry, "The Elements".
The book was a compilation of geometrical knowledge that became the
The Elements were first proved by Euclid but the organisation of the
material and its exposition are certainly credited to him.

The Elements begins with definitions and axioms, including the famous
fifth or parallel postulate that one and only one line can be drawn
through a point parallel to a given line. Euclid's decision to make
this an axiom led to Euclidean geometry. It was not until the 19th
century that this axiom was dropped and non-euclidean geometries were
studied.

Zeno of Sidon, about 250 years after Euclid wrote The Elements, seems
to have been the first to show that Euclid's propositions were not
deduced from the axioms alone, and Euclid does make other subtle
assumptions.

The Elements is divided into 13 books: Books 1-6, plane geometry;
books 7-9, number theory; book 10, Eudoxus's theory of irrational
numbers; books 11-13, solid geometry. The book ends with a discussion
of the properties of the five regular polyhedra and a proof that there
are precisely five. Euclid's Elements is remarkable for the clarity
with which the theorems are stated and proved. The standard of rigour
was to become a goal for the inventors of calculus centuries later.

More than one thousand editions of The Elements have been published
since it was first printed in 1482.

Euclid also wrote Data (with 94 propositions), On Divisions, Optics
and Phaenomena which have survived. His other books, Surface Loci,
Porisms, Conics, Book of Fallacies and Elements of Music, have all
been lost.

Euclid may not have been a first class mathematician but the long
lasting nature of The Elements must make him the leading mathematics
teacher of antiquity.

FROM:

http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Euclid.html

-Doctor Mike,  The Math Forum
Check out our web site!  http://mathforum.org/dr.math/
```
Associated Topics:
High School History/Biography
Middle School History/Biography

Search the Dr. Math Library:

 Find items containing (put spaces between keywords):   Click only once for faster results: [ Choose "whole words" when searching for a word like age.] all keywords, in any order at least one, that exact phrase parts of words whole words

Submit your own question to Dr. Math
Math Forum Home || Math Library || Quick Reference || Math Forum Search