Finding the Center of a CircleDate: 5/29/96 at 15:3:49 From: Anonymous Subject: Circle centers How do you find the center of a circle, knowing nothing about it except its physical shape? Please help! Date: 5/29/96 at 16:0:43 From: Doctor Pete Subject: Re: Circle centers If you have a straight edge (unmarked ruler) and a compass, it is easy to locate the center of a circle. Draw any line L through the circle, so it intersects the circle at A and B. Then with the compass, find the perpendicular bisector of AB, which will intersect the circle at C and D. Clearly, CD is a diameter, so if you bisect CD at point O, O is the center of the circle. -Doctor Pete, The Math Forum Check out our web site! http://mathforum.org/dr.math/ Date: 5/29/96 at 21:59:41 From: Anonymous Subject: Finding the Center of a Circle Thanks so much. Do you think this would work as well: Take two parallel tangents to a circle. Draw the segment that runs through the points of tangency. This is the diameter. Is this true? Date: 5/30/96 at 14:37:11 From: Doctor Darrin Subject: Re: Finding the Center of a Circle The line that you described would be a diameter. To see this, we have to show that it passes through the center of the circle. So, construct two lines, one passing through each point of tangency, and both passing through the center of the circle. Both of these lines will be perpendicular to the tangent line at the point of tangency; since the tangent lines are parallel, the two lines that we construct are parallel. However, they both pass through the same point (the center), so they must be the same line. This line passes through both points of tangency and the center, so it is a diameter, since it is the unique line passing through the two points of tangency. So we are done. -Doctor Darrin, The Math Forum Check out our web site! http://mathforum.org/dr.math/ Hi Dr. Pete, I thought you'd like to hear a real application of your solution. I was trying to move a doorknob from an old door to a new one. When a doorknob is purchased new, it comes with a paper template that the builder can fold over the edge of the door. The template indicates exactly where to drill the big hole in the door by an X to mark the center of where the hole should be. But with an old doorknob, I had to create my own template from the old door. First I folded a blank paper over the edge of the old door and traced the outlines of the old hole. This gave me the circle to be drilled, but not the center. Then I used your method to mark the center of the circle. Then I folded the new template over the edge of the new door and drilled where I had marked. And it worked perfectly! Thanks for your solution! And for the whole site. Warren S. Wolfeld |
Search the Dr. Math Library: |
[Privacy Policy] [Terms of Use]
Ask Dr. Math^{TM}
© 1994-2013 The Math Forum
http://mathforum.org/dr.math/