Associated Topics || Dr. Math Home || Search Dr. Math

Parts of a Subtraction Problem

```
Date: 04/09/2001 at 13:51:47
From: Paula Allen
Subject: Subtraction

In subtraction:

4 - 1 = 3

3 is called the difference. What are the 4 and the 1 called?

(In multiplication, factor x factor = product.)
```

```
Date: 04/09/2001 at 14:22:36
From: Doctor Douglas
Subject: Re: subtraction

Hi Paula, and thanks for writing to Ask Dr. Math.

These English words are rarely used, but here they are:

4 is called the minuend.
1 is called the subtrahend.

There are terms for the parts of addition and multiplication problems
as well:

4 + 1 = 5

4 is called the augend.

Multiplication:

4 x 2 = 8

4 is called the multiplicand.
2 is called the multiplier.

I hope this helps!  For more of this kind of vocabulary, see:

Multiplier
http://mathforum.org/dr.math/problems/corinne11.25.97.html

- Doctors Douglas and TWE, The Math Forum
http://mathforum.org/dr.math/
```
Associated Topics:
Elementary Definitions
Elementary Multiplication
Elementary Subtraction

Search the Dr. Math Library:

 Find items containing (put spaces between keywords):   Click only once for faster results: [ Choose "whole words" when searching for a word like age.] all keywords, in any order at least one, that exact phrase parts of words whole words

Submit your own question to Dr. Math
Math Forum Home || Math Library || Quick Reference || Math Forum Search