Parts of a Subtraction Problem
Date: 04/09/2001 at 13:51:47 From: Paula Allen Subject: Subtraction In subtraction: 4 - 1 = 3 3 is called the difference. What are the 4 and the 1 called? (In addition, addend + addend = sum.) (In multiplication, factor x factor = product.)
Date: 04/09/2001 at 14:22:36 From: Doctor Douglas Subject: Re: subtraction Hi Paula, and thanks for writing to Ask Dr. Math. These English words are rarely used, but here they are: 4 is called the minuend. 1 is called the subtrahend. There are terms for the parts of addition and multiplication problems as well: Addition: 4 + 1 = 5 4 is called the augend. 1 is called the addend. Multiplication: 4 x 2 = 8 4 is called the multiplicand. 2 is called the multiplier. I hope this helps! For more of this kind of vocabulary, see: Multiplier http://mathforum.org/dr.math/problems/corinne11.25.97.html - Doctors Douglas and TWE, The Math Forum http://mathforum.org/dr.math/
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