 Crop circles: Theorems in wheat fields  Ivars Peterson  Science News Online
Patterns of circles and triangles surreptitiously flattened into the crops of southern England reveal the perpetrators' sophisticated knowledge of Euclidean geometry.
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 CrossAge Tutoring  Marah Fortson; Math Forum
An annotated bibliography: articles to help teachers deal with a classroom of learners with different abilities, different strengths and weaknesses, who are at different levels academically, behaviorally, and socially. The task of the teacher is a challenge,
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 Cross Number Puzzles  Rainer Typke
Cross number puzzles to solve online; log in to create your own. Also known as crossfigure, figure logic, or numberlock puzzles, cross number puzzles require numbers instead of words to complete a crosswordlike grid.
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 Crossroads in Mathematics: Standards for Introductory College Mathematics Before Calculus  American Mathematical Association of TwoYear Colleges (AMATYC)
A searchable book on the Web that addresses the need to establish standards for the mathematics programs that bridge the gap between high school mathematics and college calculus. It also aims to satisfy the needs of students who do not plan to study calculus.
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 CRUX Mathematicorum with Mathematical Mayhem  Canadian Mathematical Society
The Digital Supplement to the Canadian Mathematical Society's Problem Solving Journal, for those who practice or teach mathematics. Published eight times per year, the materials at this site are available to all subscribers of CRUX; a sample issue is
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 Cryptarithmetic Puzzle Solver  Naoyuki Tamura
Enter a cryptarithm or select an example, such as SEND + MORE = MONEY. Also, puzzle generators based on themes such as color names, fruits, vegetables, and numeral words in English, French, German, Spanish, and Italian.
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 Cryptarithms  Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
Cryptarithms are brain teasers obtained when digits in numerical calculations have been replaced by letters. Customarily, distinct letters stand for different digits. Another term, Alphametics, denotes cryptarithms in which letters form meaningful words,
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 Cryptarithms Online  Jorge Soares
Mathematical puzzles in which the digits are replaced by letters of the alphabet or other symbols. Brainteasers by the author; cryptarithms from the journal Sphinx; a primer; books on cryptarithms, and links to relevant sites on the Web.
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 The Crypto Drop Box of the American Cryptogram Association  Jerry Metzger
The American Cryptogram Association (ACA) is a nonprofit volunteer organization devoted to disseminating cryptographic knowledge. Members make up and solve their own creations strictly for the fun of it. Every two months, the ACA journal, The Cryptogram,
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 A Cryptographic Compendium  John Savard
A book about cryptography with information about a large number of cipher systems and a limited coverage of cryptanalysis. It is mostly concerned with the various kinds of ciphers people have used and only mentions a few things about breaking ciphers.
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 Cryptography AZ  SSH Communications Security
An introduction to the basics of cryptography: Basic Terminology; Basic Cryptographic Algorithms; Digital Signatures; Cryptographic Hash Functions; Cryptographic Random Number Generators; Strength of Cryptographic Algorithms; Cryptanalysis and Attacks
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 CrystalMaker
A Macintosh program to display and manipulate all kinds of crystal structures. Using the free companion program, CrystalDiffract, CrystalMaker files can be used to generate xray and neutron powder diffraction patterns. Main features: In "PhotoColour"
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 CS Bits & Bytes  The National Science Foundation
CS Bits & Bytes highlights innovative computer science research, often at the intersection with other disciplines, and includes profiles of the individuals in the field, links for further exploration, and interactive activities. Past issues of the
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 C++ Simulator of a Turing Machine  Alex Vinokur
A program that simulates the deterministic and nondeterministic multitape Turing Machine. The following demo Turing machines are demonstrated with using the C++ Simulator: an addition program deterministic, 1 tape), an addition program with marker (deterministic,
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 CSMC: Center for the Study of Mathematics Curriculum
An NSFfunded project serving the K12 educational community by focusing scholarly inquiry and professional development around issues of mathematics curriculum. Major areas of work include understanding the influence and potential of mathematics curriculum
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 C.T.J. Dodson  Christopher Dodson
Dodson provides notes and Maple or Mathematica packages for many different mathematics courses, including algebra and precalculus, calculus, differential equations, using computers for mathematics and statistics, and an introductory course on curves,
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 The CTK Exchange  Interactive Math Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
A page devoted to questions and answers concerning Bogomolny's pages and math in general. Postings are approved by Bogomolny, and usually answered by him, although they may be answered by the general public as well. Posting topics vary all the way from
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 CTK Math Games for Kids  Interactive Math Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
This site presents a collection of Javabased interactive games and puzzles with mathematical contents and a few practice exercises disguised as games. Alexander Bogomolny, the site's author, writes, "There are a few games whose purpose is to allow for
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 Cube Roll  Cary and Michael Huang
Use the arrow keys to steer a cube along a path of squares towards a final square. Each successive level poses new restrictions based on which faces of the block can or cannot roll onto the square path, making a game out spatial thinking of polyhedral
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 Cubes of Perfection  Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
...Six is the smallest perfect number. Twentyeight comes next. Its proper divisors are 1, 2, 4, 7, and 14, and the sum of those divisors is 28. Incidentally, if the sum works out to be less than the number itself, the number is said to be defective
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 Cubeworld  Hank Gross
Cubeworld: an adventure in solid geometry. This book, with 21 illustrations by the author, is in the tradition of Edwin Abbott's classic Flatland and explores what might happen if the Earth were transformed into a cube. Gravity is different, rain falls
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 Cubic and Quartic Equations  Math Forum, Ask Dr. Math FAQ
General solutions to cubic and quartic polynomial equations.
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 Cubic surfaces  MacTutor Math History Archives
Linked essay on the history of surfaces of order three.
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 CUE (ComputerUsing Educators)  CUE, Inc.
A nonprofit California educational corporation that supports an active membership of more than 10,000 professionals from within and outside California, in schools, community colleges, colleges, universities, related institutions, and related fields.
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 Cuisenaire Rods and Math (SMILE)  Linda Easter, Dewitt Clinton Elementary School
A lesson designed to familiarize students with the history, development and philosophy of Cuisenaire Rods; to teach them to find the least common multiple of several given numbers using Cuisenaire rods; and to reinforce previously taught math skills by
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 Culturally Situated Design Tools: Teaching Math through Culture  Ron Eglash
Java for creating your own Mangbetu design, cornrow curves, graffiti, bead looms, SimShoBan, Yupik star navigator, Yupik parka patterns, PreColumbian pyramids, and rhythm wheels  and learning the mathematics behind them. Organized into African, African
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 CUNY Games Network  CUNY Academic Commons
Blog about the pedagogical uses of both digital and nondigital math games, how they improve student success, and how they encourage research and scholarship in the developing field of gamesbased learning. Posts, which date back to July, 2011, have included
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 Curmudgeon
Blog by a veteran math teacher in Vermont who "believes that math should be taught, not collaboratively explored; algebra and geometry are better than a vague course of Integrated Math; spiraling doesn't work nearly as well as learning it properly the
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 Curricula, Lessons, and Activities  ARTSEDGE
Annotated links on the Internet and additional offline resources highlighting lessons that interrelate the study of math with the arts. Organized into online curriculum, and related online resources of primary resources and indices.
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 Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics (NCTM Standards, 1989)  National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
Log in to access the original 1989 NCTM Standards for grades K4, 58, and 912, one facet of the mathematics education community's response to the call for reform in the teaching and learning of mathematics, reflecting a consensus that all students need
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 Curriculum Development: NSF Awards  Mathematics Education at the Math Forum
A list of math curriculum development projects constructed by means of a text search of the NSF awards database. Each link leads to an abstract of the project, stored at the NSF World Wide Web Server. The first two digits of the numbers that appear to
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 Curriculum Development Projects  Mathematics Education at the Math Forum
The Math Forum's suggested sites on curriculum development in math education, including projects sponsored by the NSF and others.
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 Curriculum Guides: Math & Science  Star Tribune, Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN
The newspaper provides students with opportunities to apply their math skills to reallife problems and to read uptodate scientific information. Math You Can Bank on: reallife money and consumer skills; Mathematics in the News: from the simple calculation
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 Curriculum Issues  Beauregard Parish (Louisiana) Public Library
Links to sites with information about the new New Math, whole math, whole language, and traditional curriculum resources
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 Curriculum IT Support (CITS)  Department for Education and Employment, UK
Materials, publications, and activities encouraging the use of information technology in secondary schools (1118 years). Information includes: a database about the use of IT in mathematics lessons in secondary schools; a booklet describing how some departments
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 Curriculum Pathways  SAS inSchool
Internetbased product that connects teachers to a broad range of curriculum resources and clarifies ways to use those resources in the classroom. Find lesson plans and links to Web sites in math, science, English, and social studies; access national
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 Curry K. Software  Curry Kenworthy
Shareware for Education and Productivity: Pillbug Golf (Mac  learn about points, slopes, and angles while you putt); Snakey Math (Mac  the basic operations, arcade style); Galactic Geometry 3D (Windows  calculate volume and surface area of 3D objects
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 Curry's Paradox  Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles, Alexander Bogomolny
A bewildering dissection paradox wherein recombination of 4 pieces cut of a rectangle produces a rectangle of a different size. Borders geometry and algebra. Accompanied by a Java illustration.
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 Curvature of Surfaces (Geometry and the Imagination)  Conway, Doyle, Gilman, Thurston; The Geometry Center
If you take a flat piece of paper and bend it gently, it bends in only one direction at a time. At any point on the paper, you can find at least one direction through which there is a straight line on the surface. You can bend it into a cylinder, or into
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 Curves and Lying Calculators  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
The pictures generated by a graphing calculator depend on the number of pixels in the display. The TI85 has 63 rows and 127 columns in its display (a total of 8,001 pixels). "This configuration of pixels defines what we actually see and, therefore, sometimes
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 Curves on Baseballs  Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
It's that time of year again (at least in North America), when the thoughts of many sports fans turn to baseball. Over the years, the game has also attracted the attention of mathematicians and statisticians intrigued by the rules, geometric considerations,
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 Curving Beyond Fermat  Ivars Peterson (MathTrek)
"When Andrew Wiles of Princeton University proved Fermat's last theorem several years ago, he took advantage of recently discovered links between Pierre de Fermat's centuriesold conjecture concerning whole numbers and the theory of socalled elliptic
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 Curvus Pro X  Jean Bovet, Simon Bovet, Arizona Software
Curvus Pro X is a powerful and userfriendly equation graphing software designed for Mac OS X. It has been designed specifically to handle complex mathematical expressions and plot them in a few clicks. 2D and 3D functions can be entered using its intuitive
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 Cutting Corners  Ivars Peterson (MathLand)
Go to just about any college campus or public park and you're bound to see two kinds of trails: "official" paths defined by paved or gravel surfaces and "unofficial" routes trodden into the grass or dirt marking where pedestrians have preferred to walk
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 The Cutting Sticks Problem  Frans Faase
A classic math puzzle: You are given k sticks with integer length of which the total length of sums up to n(n+1)/2. None of the sticks is shorter than n. Can you always cut them into sticks with length 1, 2, up to n, no matter the number of the sticks
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 CyberExam (S.O.S. Mathematics)  Dept. of Mathematical Sciences, Univ. of Texas at El Paso
A place for students and educators to check out sample tests, midterm exams, final exams, quizzes, projects, etc... in Mathematics. To submit an exam, please fax or email your material to S.O.S. MATHematics. (If you are a student,
please ask your instructor
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 Cyberpapy  Boulanger
Posez votres questions des devoirs dans les forums; des "cyberpapys" répondent.
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 Cyberspace and the Classroom  SageNet
A June 1998 article collecting individual teacher and parent views of the effects of technology in the classroom, the best ways to use technology, and some favorite sites to visit in pursuit of education.
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 CyberStat  Rick Thomas
An introductory statistics course for high school students who would like to get a background in basic statistical concepts and learn to apply them in a variety of curricular and vocational fields. The course will also prepare you to take the new AP Statistics
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 Cylinder Formulas (Ask Dr. Math FAQ)  Math Forum
Formulas for finding the surface area and volume of a general cylinder and a right circular cylinder.
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