 Traffic Jam  Math Forum
Equal numbers of people face each other with one open slot between them. Everybody faces the open slot. If there are 6 people there will be 7 slots, 6 of
which must always have people in them. People must attempt to exchange places without turning around.
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 Transformational Geometry  Leslie Howe
Java applets to illustrate translation, rotation, glide reflection, etc. Directions for tessellations by hand and using dot paper. Links to sites of artists that illustrate these ideas.
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 Travelling Salesman's Problem  Gunno Törnberg
Algorithms to solve the travelling salesman's problem (a travelling salesman is to visit a number of cities; how to plan the trip so every city is visited once and just once and the whole trip is as short as possible?) Links to Java applets; the shell
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 The Travelling Salesman's Problem  Manu Konchady
A trucking or delivery company is focused on optimum delivery cost. This can be achieved by using a system which determines the best highway route for each load. An optimum highway route can be displayed on a map. A route with 16 nodes is used to test
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 The Treb Challenge  GlobalSpec, Inc.
Custom build a trebuchet for three challenges: distance, accuracy, and power. Between launches, continue modifying the catapultlike seige engine's projectile weight, launch angle, gravity, wind, counterweight mass and height. After each challenge, the
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 TreeAge Software, Inc.
Producer of decision analysis software. Product information, interactive demos and trial download, FAQ and technical support, ordering, and registration.
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 Triangle with one 90degree Angle  NASA Lewis Learning Technologies Project
A triangle with one 90 degree angle is always: an equilateral triangle; an acute triangle; an obtuse triangle; or, a right triangle? A detailed answer is provided. From NASA's 9th Grade Math Proficiency Test.
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 Tribute to Invariance  Cut the Knot!, Alexander Bogomolny
As a competitive activity, the Squares and Circles game is not very challenging in itself. That is to say, the outcome of the game does not depend on how the game proceeds. The challenge is to come up with this realization and establish its veracity.
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 Trigonometry (Manipula Math)  International Educational Software (IES Inc.)
More than 20 Java applets designed to demonstrate principles of trigonometry, including sine, cosine, and tangent function boxes; graph of y=sin x, y=cos x,
y=sin ax, y=A sin (Bx+C), and y=sin x + cos x; Fourier series; sin t = a;
cos t=a; sin(A+B);
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 TriMathlon: A Workout Beyond the School Curriculum  A. K. Peters, Ltd.
Companion site to the book TriMathlon: A Workout Beyond the School
Curriculum, by Judith and Paul Sally. Discuss math, the book, or the site with members of the Trimathlon community; explore the current "Periodic Puzzler"; or play one of the Shockwave
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 Triogram Models  Hansen, Kooperberg, Sardy
An electronic version of a paper that introduces the Triogram method for function estimation using piecewise linear, bivariate splines based on an adaptively constructed triangulation. Java applets are included and a PostScript version of the entire paper
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 TSPBIB (Traveling Salesman Problem)  Pablo Moscato
A comprehensive listing of papers, source code, preprints, technical reports, etc., available on the Internet about the Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) and some associated problems such as Fractal TSP Instances and VRP Instances, with links to software
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 TTMath  big online calculator  Tomasz Sowa
This big numbers library for C++ programming language performs mathematical operations with unsigned/signed integers and floating point numbers.
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 tutpup
Basic arithmetic questions for children to solve while racing against each other, anonymously, as a clock counts down. The site shows what you got right and wrong, and how your performance compares with your opponent's on each question. The games run
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 Types of Functions  Eger, Champaneria, Garmendia; Interactive Mathematics Online (IMO)
Definitions, plots, and examples of composite functions; even and odd functions; inverse functions; linear, quadratic, and cubic functions; monotonic functions; periodic functions. Also, Java "formulae enabled" pages.
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 UBC Calculus Online: Supplement to Math 100  Dept. of Mathematics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
An online supplement to mathematics courses being taught within the University of British Columbia Department of Mathematics. Course notes (functions, the Function Zoo, What is the derivative?, Tools for Calculating Derivatives; Applications of the Derivative;
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 Ultimate Calculators  Graham Lancaster
Free online loan calculators, mortgage calculators (comparison calculator, basement suite calculator), investment property calculators, tax calculators, investing calculators (retirement income calculator, 401k calculator), capital budget calculators
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 Undergraduate Research Project in Random Tilings  Propp, Wilson
This project investigates different regions of random tilings of nxn squares with 1x2 dominoes: square, hexagon, fortress, dungeon, and Aztec diamond (the set of lattice squares completely inside a square tilted 45 degrees, discovering that the dominoes
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 Understanding Temperatures  NASA Lewis Learning Technologies Project
These were the low temperatures recorded for January 15 in these cities: Minneapolis:  6 degrees; Cleveland: 5 degrees; Fargo: 11 degrees; Chicago: 2 degrees; Milwaukee: 3 degrees; Detroit: 1 degree. Which city had the low temperature closest to 0
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 Undusting Napier's Bones  Alexandros Diploudis; HeriotWatt University, UK
Biographical information about the Scottish mathematician John Napier, generally considered the inventor of logarithms, with a Java simulation of Napier's bones, a method for performing arithmetic operations by the manipulation of rods (called "bones"
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 Une Balade dans le Monde des Polyèdres  Maurice Starck
Les polyèdres convexes, non convexes, et intéressants: les polyèdres uniformes, les stellations de l'icosaèdre, des tétraèdres remarquables, le découpage d'un tétraèdre par un plan, les deltaèdres
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 Unique Online Math Flash Cards  Lambert Smith, MathRUS.com
Customizable formatting characterizes these flash cards for addition, subtraction, some multiplication and some division. Free 30day trial; afterwards, a subscription is paywhatyoucan. The author writes: "This website for online math flash cards differs
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 Unit Conversion and Day of the Week  Stephen Phillips
Convert between units of distance, area, volume, mass, speed, temperature, pressure, energy, power, or force online, or find the day of the week for a given date. There is also a list of conversion factors for various units, including units of radiation,
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 UnitConversion.org
Perform online unit conversions for volume, distance, temperature, time, speed, and more for a total of 2,100 kinds of units in 78 different categories.
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 Unit Converter
The converter works for units of area, energy, pressure, volume,
temperature, mass, length, numbers, velocity etc. You put in a number and
select a base unit and select a unit to convert to. The conversion result
will immediately appear in the output
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 UnitJuggler: Online Unit Conversions  Pierre Di Marco
UnitJuggler offers free unit conversions, for distance and length, area, volume, weight and mass, temperature, time, and more.
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 Unit Measurement Conversion  NASA Lewis Learning Technologies Project
Which statement is NOT correct? 96 cups = 6 gallons; 9 days = 216 hours; 84 ounces = 7 pounds; 2 miles = 10,560 feet. A detailed answer is provided. From NASA's 9th Grade Math Proficiency Test.
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 Units of Measurement  NASA Lewis Learning Technologies Project
Which object is matched with its appropriate unit of measurement? Milligrams for the weight of a textbook; Kilometers for the length of a sailboat; Grams for the weight of a needle; Kiloliters for the capacity of a reservoir. A detailed answer is provided.
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 UnitWiz
An online calculator converts units of length, area, density, energy, force, mass, power, pressure, speed, temperature, or volume.
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 University of South Carolina High School Math Contests  David Sumner
Problems from the University of South Carolina (USC) High School Math Contests, since 1994. Walk step by step through illustrated solutions to each problem using the "next step" button. The delivery of questions is designed for competitive timing. Also,
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 UniVirtual Slide Rule Emulator  Andrew Davie
A realtime, fully configurable, slide rule emulator in Java. Zoom, reconfigure onthefly, and work multiple slides and multiple cursors, each of which supports multiple gauge marks and hairlines.
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 Untangled  Mehta, Gayatri; Luo, Xiaozhong; et al.
Map and place logic blocks in this game to make more compact circuit layouts on a grid  and more efficient computer chips. Visually appealing graphs bring nodes closer to parents or children and untangle knots in graphs; behind the scenes, the accumulated
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 Using Algebra and Discrete Mathematics to Investigate Population Changes in a Trout Pond (iMath Investigations)  Illuminations; National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
An online, interactive, multimedia math investigation that illustrates the use of iteration, recursion, and algebra to model and analyze a changing fish population. Graphs, equations, tables, and technological tools are used to investigate the effect
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 Using Virtual Manipulatives on the Web to Develop Number Sense  Margo Lynn Mankus
Java applets, activities, handmade manipulatives, and links related to the topic.
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 VassarStats Statistical Computation  Vassar College
Online Javascript programs on topics such as statistical tests, simulation, correlation and regression: procedures applicable to categorical frequency data; procedures applicable to proportions; procedures applicable to ordinal data; correlation and regression;
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 Vector Arithmetic Java Visualization  Vladimir Sorokin; University of Kentucky
An applet with which to visualize addition, substraction and scalar multiplication of vectors on the XY plane. This demonstration was created as part of the PHY211 Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Educational Page at the Department of Physics and Astronomy
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 Vector Calculator  Julio GeaBanacloche
A Java applet intended to give students a "feel" for vectors in two dimensions. It covers components, magnitude and direction, and vector addition.
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 The Vector Cross Product: A JAVA Interactive Tutorial  McNamara, Middleton, Schiff; Dept. of Physics, Syracuse University
You will see a drawing in which the vector labeled c is calculated according to your specifications for the vectors a and b. You move these by clicking on their tips and dragging them around the plane with the mouse. You can also "spin the plane" by clicking
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 Vector field analyzer II  Matthias Kawski; Arizona State University
An applet for visualization of, and experimentation with, many aspects of vector calculus. These include zooming to see the derivative of a vector field (including divergence and scalar curl), visualizing the action of the (nonlinear and linearized) flow(s)
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 vectorkids: math flashards and learning tools  Rick Larson, vectorkids.com
This site is dedicated to providing learning tools for elementary and middle school students. Enjoy math flashcards to strengthen basic skills, increase proficiency, and increase test scores. Subjects include geometry, fractions, divisibility rules,
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 Vector Land: An Introduction to 3D Vector Analysis  Paul Kirby
An online course offering Java applets and 3D graphics to teach 3D vectors and related topics such as 3D graphics programming and Newtonian mechanics. Contents: 3D Vectors; The Dot Product; The Cross Product; the Vector Equation of a Line; The Vector
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 Vector (Manipula Math)  International Education Software (IES)
Java applets demonstrate vector geometry concepts: unit vector, area of a parallelogram, inner products, adding and scaling vectors, Ceva's theorem, Menelaus's Theorem, Cramer's rule, the circle of Apollonius, and more.
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 Virtual Laboratories in Probability and Statistics  Kyle Siegrist; Dept. of Mathematical Sciences, Univ. of AlabamaHuntsville
Interactive, Webbased modules for students and teachers of probability and statistics. Experiments are written in Java. Contents include: special models (Buffon's experiments, card experiments, Bernoulli trials, the ball and urn experiment, the matching
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 Virtual Math Museum  Richard Palais
A virtual "mathematical museum" being developed and improved by an international group of mathematicians called the 3DXM Consortium (the same group responsible for the development of the 3DXplorMath mathematical visualization program). Topics include
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 Virtual Nerd  Virtual Nerd, LLC
This online tutorial service for secondary math and science students supplements its video instruction with the interactive Dynamic Whiteboard™, which takes notes for you during lessons, and lets you find definitions of terms midstream and write
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 Virtual Paper Cut & Fold  Mike Sokolov
A Java applet and a Flash tool for folding paper online. Make snowflake patterns; learn how to create a fivepointed star with a single cut. With a gallery of folded paper creations.
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 Virtual Skies  NASA Ames Education Division
Tutorials, interactive illustrations, career explorations, decisionmaking scenarios, and selftests in each of the following areas: weather, aviation research, airport design, air traffic management, navigation, communication, and aeronautics. A "Teacher's
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 Visible Euclidean Algorithm: finding greatest common divisors  Paul Garrett
Enter two positive integers, and click the button to see the operations of the Euclidean Algorithm.
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 Visual Calculus (Mathematics Archives)  Larry Husch; University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
A collection of notes that give some ideas how technology, in particular computers, can be used in the teaching of calculus. Detailed instructions on implementing these ideas with various public domain, shareware and commercial software packages are provided.
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 Visual Fractions  Richard E. Rand
A site with 19 Java programs that provide instruction and practice in identifying, renaming, adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing fractions. Number lines are drawn to demonstrate each example. Programs include: Identify Fractions; Identify Mixed
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