 Mathematics of the Incas  MacTutor Math History Archives
Linked essay on the mathematics of the Incas, a civilization that developed a method of recording numerical information that did not require writing, involving knots in strings called quipu. With references and other related web sites.
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 Mathematics Site  J. S. Milne
Bibliography, course notes, preprints, and manuscripts on Group Theory, Fields and Galois Theory, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Number Theory,Modular Functions and Modular Forms, Elliptic Curves, Abelian Varieties, Etale Cohomology, and Class Field Theory.
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 Mathematics Teacher: Geometry Bibliography  Hubert Ludwig
Hubert Ludwig, a math professor at Ball State University, has compiled an index of all the geometryrelated articles that appeared in the Mathematics Teacher through 1996. This page provides the index of the archive, with links to the documents in the
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 MathematicsWeb  Elsevier
An integrated search of articles and preprints from journals on applied mathematics, pure mathematics, and probability and statistics. Access the BibTeX, abstract, or  with a ScienceDirect subscription  the full text of articles from over 60 scholarly
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 Mathematics WWW Virtual Library  Dept. of Mathematics, Florida State University (FSU)
An Internetwide collection of mathematicsrelated resources in the following categories: Addresses; Bibliographies; Department Web Servers; Mathematics Education; Electronic Journals; General Resources; Gophers; High School Servers; Newsgroups; Preprints;
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 Math Methodology Part 2: Assessment  Computing Technology for Math Excellence (CT4ME); Patricia Deubel
This essay addresses systems for assessment (diagnostic, formative, summative), and more on selfassessment, teachermade tests, and vendormade tests. A section of assessment resources follows.
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 Math Parent Handbook: A Guide to Helping Your Child Understand Mathematics  Patsy F. Kanter
Organized into sections such as Math in the Home; Mathland: The Grocery Store; and Math on the Go. Appendices include Parents and the Schools; What Should I Expect from a Math Program? and What We Can Do To Help Our Children Learn? With activities for
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 MathPro Press  Stanley Rabinowitz
MathPro Press specializes in the publication of compendiums and indexes of mathematics problems. Purchase MathPro Press books of problems from math olympiads and contests. Link to math competition web sites; or browse a bibliography of books of problems
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 MathSciNet (AMS)  American Mathematical Society
Mathematical Reviews on the Web. A searchable Web database providing access to the American Mathematical Society's Mathematical Reviews and Current Mathematical Publications, a subject index of bibliographic data for recent and forthcoming publications
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 Math That Makes You Go Wow  A MultiDisciplinary Exploration of NonOrientable Surfaces  Boittin, Callahan, Goldberg, Remes
A Web course intended for inclusion as a short segment in a late middle school or early high school math course and designed to convey the beauty and fascination of such mathematical objects as the sphere, the torus, the Klein bottle, the Mobius band,
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 Matrices and Determinants  MacTutor Math History Archives
Linked essay describing the history of matrices and determinants from the 2nd century B.C. through the early 20th century, with 13 references (books/articles).
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 Matrix Market  Applied and Computational Math Division, NIST
A visual repository of test data for use in comparative studies of algorithms for numerical linear algebra, featuring nearly 500 sparse matrices from a variety of applications, as well as matrix generation tools and services. Browse by collection, matrix
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 Matroid Theory  Sandra Kingan
Matroids are an abstraction of several combinatorial objects, among them graphs and matrices. The word matroid was coined by Whitney in 1935 in his landmark paper "On the abstract properties of linear dependence." In defining a matroid Whitney tried to
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 Mayan mathematics  MacTutor Math History Archives
Linked essay on the mathematical achievements of the people of the Yucatan peninsula, with a description of the Mayan base twenty number system was a base twenty system and illustrations of the Mayan numerals. With references and other related web sites.
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 The Measurers: a Flemish Image of Mathematics in the Sixteenth Century  Museum of the History of Science, Oxford
From a 1995 exhibition centered around an unusual and important painting in the Museum's collection, known simply as 'The Measurers' (Antwerp, late 16th century). The painting depicts a range of practical activities, foremost among them mathematical instrument
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 Memory, Mental Arithmetic, and Mathematics  MacTutor Math History Archives
All the mathematicians whose biographies are given in the MacTutor archive exhibited extraordinary mental powers. This article examines a few mathematicians who showed extraordinary powers of memory and calculating, together with a number of people who
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 MendelWeb  Roger B. Blumberg
An educational resource for teachers and students interested in the origins of classical genetics, introductory data analysis, elementary plant science, and the history and literature of science. Constructed around Gregor Mendel's 1865 paper "Versuche
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 MGNet  Craig C. Douglas
A repository for information related to multigrid, multilevel, multiscale, aggregation, defect correction, and domain decomposition methods, used primarily by scientists and engineers to solve partial differential equations on serial or parallel computers.
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 MiddleSchool Math Through Applications Project (MMAP)  Institute for Research on Learning (IRL)
Developers of curriculum materials and software designed to make math relevant, accessible and successful for middleschool students. While working on realworld multidisciplinary design problems, students grapple with mathematics from basic skills to
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 The Moonshine Page  CICMA, Québec
The monster simple group, M, is the largest sporadic finite simple group. "Moonshine" is a term first coined by Conway and Norton in 1979 to describe the surprising and mysterious connections between M (and also other finite sporadic simple groups) and
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 Multigrid Algorithm Library  Ulrich Ruede; German Scientific Computing Pages
Multigrid (MG) methods are fast linear iterative solvers based on the multilevel or multiscale paradigm. The typical application for multigrid is in the numerical solution of elliptic partial differential equations in two or more dimensions. MG can be
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 Multivariate polynomial interpolation  Shayne Waldron
A summary of some ongoing investigations into the error in multivariate interpolation. This page is organised to more generally serve those interested in multivariate polynomial interpolation (error formulae and computations). Work on differencing, multipoint
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 The National Numeracy Strategy  Department for Education and Employment, United Kingdom
The Standards Site: Numeracy. Frameworks for teaching mathematics from Reception through Year 7, key elements of the training materials that will support the U.K.'s Numeracy Strategy. Assessment in and planning the National Numeracy Strategy, schools
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 National Research Symposium on Limited English Proficient Student Issues  The National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language (NCELA)
Proceedings from conferences in Washington, DC: Research and Practice (September, 1990); Focus on Evaluation and Measurement (September 1991); Focus on Middle and High School Issues (August 1992). The National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition
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 Network Resources for Colouring a Graph  Michael Trick
A document that tries to bring together resources available on the Internet to help in formulating and solving graphcoloring problems. A Brief Survey of Applications and Algorithms (1994); Bibliographies; Solution Codes; Test Instances; People and Papers.
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 New Foundations  Randall Holmes
Developing site for the set theory "New Foundations," first introduced by W.V.O. Quine in 1937. A refinement of Russell's theory of types based on the observation that the types in Russell's theory look the same, as far as one can apparently prove. Site
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 Newton's Castle  Steve Feld
Learn about color, optical illusions, how cars appear to roll uphill on "magnetic mountains," why dogs chase cars, and more; then test your learning with the online quiz. Also, see quotations and a timeline of Newton's life. With a bibliography and webliography.
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 NonEuclidean Geometry  MacTutor Math History Archives
Covers Euclid's Elements through the end of the 1800's, with 23 references (books/articles).
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 NonEuclid  Joel Castellanos, Joe Dan Austin, Ervan Darnell
A Java program offering straightedge and compass constructions in hyperbolic geometry for high school and college students. A compressed version for PCs may be downloaded for use offline. The site includes an introduction to hyperbolic geometry, plus
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 Number Theory  Dave Rusin; The Mathematical Atlas
A historical introduction to number theory; applications and related fields and subfields; textbooks, reference works, and tutorials; software and tables; other web sites with this focus; and selected topics.
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 The ObjectOriented Numerics Page  Todd Veldhuizen
Mailing lists; Free libraries of software for linear algebra, arrays and images, neural networks and genetic algorithms, multiprecision/exended exponent data types, differential equations, automatic differentiation and interval arithmetic, visualization,
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 Oldani's Math and Music Website  Norbert Oldani
A description of the types of mathematics used for electronic music. The site includes other website links and a bibliography.
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 On Constructivism  Susan Hanley
"The constructivist approach opens new avenues for learning as well as challenges for the teacher trying to implement it." Hanley outlines problems in traditional teaching methods, describes constructivism as a possible solution, and reviews research
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 One size fits all?  Mike Robison; Mathematics Dept., Michigan State University
Age based tracking versus ability grouping in elementary school mathematics. A research paper on ability and age grouping that reviews the literature and makes suggestions for math education.
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 Online Math Applications  Leung, Jiang, Jiang, Chiu, Klopfer, Chiu; ThinkQuest Junior
Activities, examples, problems, and online quizzes about math applied to real world situations in investing (a stock market simulation game), music (classical MIDI files), history (biographies and anecdotes), science (astronomy, computers, 'math in the
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 On the Teeth of Wheels (Computing Science)  Brian Hayes, American Scientist
A little history on the importance of gears in the history of computing and the importance of computing in the history of gears. "Designers of gear trains have not merely borrowed ideas from mathematics but have also developed some of those ideas on their
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 Orbits and Gravitation  MacTutor Math History Archives
A hypertext essay covering Copernicus through Poincaré, LeviCivita, and Birkhoff, with References.
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 Origami Mathematics  Tom Hull
Information on origami and the mathematics of paper folding. With an origami math bibliography and pictures and tutorials in origami geometric construction, as well as links to other origami sites and events.
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 Overcoming Greatness: The Decline and Recovery of British Mathematics in the PostNewton Era  Robert Bruen; Harvard University
An historical essay on Newton and Leibniz, British Progress, European Progress, and the story of the overthrow of Newton's notation at Cambridge. Includes a bibliography.
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 An overview of Babylonian mathematics  MacTutor Math History Archives
Linked essay exploring the arithmetic and geometry of the Babylonians, who lived in Mesopotamia, a fertile plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Babylonian civilization replaced the Sumerian civilisation and the Akkadian civilisation; this
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 An overview of Egyptian mathematics  MacTutor Math History Archives
Linked essay on the development of the Egyptian number systems, and the arithmetical methods they devised to work with their numerals. With references and other related web sites.
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 An overview of Indian mathematics  MacTutor Math History Archives
Linked essay on the contributions of Indian mathematics, in particular the number system invented by the Indians, on which much of mathematical development has rested. With references and other related web sites.
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 Overview of the History of Mathematics  MacTutor Math History Archives
Linked overview from the Babylonians through topics from the twentieth century, with additional sections on notation and communication, brilliant discoveries, how we view history, and a challenge, as well as a 700item general bibliography.
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 Paso Partners: Integrating Mathematics, Science, and Language  Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL)
A twovolume curriculum and resources guide for K3 educators, designed to help teachers increase achievement of Hispanic children whose first language is not English. Preceding each complete unit in English is a Spanish version of background information
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 paulus gerdes's Storefront  Paulus Gerdes
Purchase print editions or download Gerdes' titles, some also available in Portuguese, Dutch, and French: Drawings from Angola: Living Mathematics, Enjoy Puzzling with biLLies, Puzzle Fun with BiLLies, The Bisos Game: Puzzles and Diversions, Introducing
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 Pell's equation
 MacTutor Math History Archives
Linked essay on the indeterminate quadratic equation. With references and other related web sites.
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 Perfect, Amicable and Sociable Numbers  David Moews
Definitions, descriptions, and discussions of perfect, amicable, and sociable numbers; aliquot sequences, related problems, and other definitions of divisibility, with a short bibliography.
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 Perfect Numbers  MacTutor Math History Archives
Linked essay describing the work on perfect numbers from Pythagoras through Euclid, Nicomachus, the Arabs, Cataldi, Descartes, Mersenne, Fermat, Euler, Barlow, Catalan, Cole, and others; with other web sites and 20 references (books/articles).
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 Perfect Problems  Vasek Chvátal
Unsolved problems on perfect graphs, a collection for people with at least a basic knowledge of the subject. Contents include: Perfection of special classes of Berge graphs; Recognition of special classes of Berge graphs; Decompositions of perfect graphs;
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 Peter Doyle  Mathematics, Univ. of California at San Diego
Advanced tutorials, proofs and papers, mostly statistics, probability, geometry, and graph theory, but with examples from other mathematics areas as well. Don't miss Dr. Doyle's Flip Flops.
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